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AUSTRALIAN CITIZENSHIP ACT 2007 - SECT 22

General residence requirement

             (1)  Subject to this section, for the purposes of section 21 a person satisfies the general residence requirement if:

                     (a)  the person was present in Australia for the period of 4 years immediately before the day the person made the application; and

                     (b)  the person was not present in Australia as an unlawful non-citizen at any time during that 4 year period; and

                     (c)  the person was present in Australia as a permanent resident for the period of 12 months immediately before the day the person made the application.

Overseas absences

          (1A)  If:

                     (a)  the person was absent from Australia for a part of the period of 4 years immediately before the day the person made the application; and

                     (b)  the total period of the absence or absences was not more than 12 months;

then, for the purposes of paragraph (1)(a), the person is taken to have been present in Australia during each period of absence.

          (1B)  If:

                     (a)  the person was absent from Australia for a part of the period of 12 months immediately before the day the person made the application; and

                     (b)  the total period of the absence or absences was not more than 90 days; and

                     (c)  the person was a permanent resident during each period of absence;

then, for the purposes of paragraph (1)(c), the person is taken to have been present in Australia as a permanent resident during each period of absence.

Confinement in prison or psychiatric institution

          (1C)  Subject to subsection (5A), the person is taken not to satisfy paragraph (1)(a) if, at any time during the 4 year period mentioned in that paragraph, the person was:

                     (a)  confined in a prison; or

                     (b)  confined in a psychiatric institution by order of a court made in connection with proceedings for an offence against an Australian law in relation to the person.

Partial exemption--person born in Australia or former Australian citizen

             (2)  Paragraphs (1)(a) and (b) do not apply if the person:

                     (a)  was born in Australia; or

                     (b)  was an Australian citizen at any time before the person made the application.

Ministerial discretion--administrative error

          (4A)  For the purposes of paragraph (1)(b), the Minister may treat a period as one in which the person was not present in Australia as an unlawful non-citizen if the Minister considers the person was present in Australia during that period but, because of an administrative error, was an unlawful non-citizen during that period.

             (5)  For the purposes of paragraph (1)(c), the Minister may treat a period as one in which the person was present in Australia as a permanent resident if the Minister considers the person was present in Australia during that period but, because of an administrative error, was not a permanent resident during that period.

Ministerial discretion--confinement in prison or psychiatric institution

          (5A)  The Minister may decide that subsection (1C) does not apply in relation to the person if, taking into account the circumstances that resulted in the person's confinement, the Minister is satisfied that it would be unreasonable for that subsection to apply in relation to the person.

Ministerial discretion--person in Australia would suffer significant hardship or disadvantage

             (6)  For the purposes of paragraph (1)(c), the Minister may treat a period as one in which the person was present in Australia as a permanent resident if:

                     (a)  the person was present in Australia during that period (except as a permanent resident or an unlawful non-citizen); and

                     (b)  the Minister is satisfied that the person will suffer significant hardship or disadvantage if that period were not treated as one during which the person was present in Australia as a permanent resident.

Ministerial discretion--spouse, de facto partner or surviving spouse or de facto partner of Australian citizen

             (9)  If the person is the spouse, de facto partner or surviving spouse or de facto partner of an Australian citizen at the time the person made the application, the Minister may treat a period as one in which the person was present in Australia as a permanent resident if:

                     (a)  the person was a spouse or de facto partner of that Australian citizen during that period; and

                     (b)  the person was not present in Australia during that period; and

                     (c)  the person was a permanent resident during that period; and

                     (d)  the Minister is satisfied that the person had a close and continuing association with Australia during that period.

           (10)  In subsection (9):

surviving spouse or de facto partner of a person who has died means a person who was the person's spouse or de facto partner immediately before the person died and who has not later become the spouse or de facto partner of another person.

Ministerial discretion--person in an interdependent relationship

           (11)  If, at the time the person made the application, the person:

                     (a)  holds a permanent visa granted to the person because the person was in an interdependent relationship with an Australian citizen; and

                     (b)  is in that interdependent relationship;

then, for the purposes of paragraph (1)(c), the Minister may treat a period as one in which the person was present in Australia as a permanent resident if:

                     (c)  the person held that visa during that period and the person was in that interdependent relationship during that period; and

                     (d)  the person was not present in Australia during that period; and

                     (e)  the person was a permanent resident during that period; and

                      (f)  the Minister is satisfied that the person had a close and continuing association with Australia during that period.



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