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BIOSECURITY ACT 2015 - NOTES

No. 61, 2015

Compilation No. 13

Compilation date:                              1 September 2021

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 58, 2021

Registered:                                         21 September 2021

This compilation includes commenced amendments made by Act No. 13, 2021

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Biosecurity Act 2015 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 1 September 2021 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Self-repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Chapter 1--Preliminary                                                                                         1

Part 1--Preliminary                                                                                                             1

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 1

3............ Simplified outline of this Act.............................................................. 2

4............ Objects of this Act.............................................................................. 5

5............ Appropriate Level of Protection (ALOP) for Australia against biosecurity risks     6

6............ Act binds the Crown........................................................................... 6

7............ Extension of Act to Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and other prescribed external Territories               6

8............ Concurrent operation of State and Territory laws................................ 7

Part 2--Definitions                                                                                                                8

9............ Definitions.......................................................................................... 8

10.......... Meaning of approved arrangement.................................................. 30

11.......... Meaning of associate........................................................................ 30

12.......... Meaning of Australian territory........................................................ 31

13.......... Meaning of biosecurity entry point................................................... 32

14.......... Meaning of biosecurity industry participant and covered by............ 33

15.......... Meaning of commercial-in-confidence.............................................. 33

16.......... Meaning of conveyance..................................................................... 33

17.......... Meaning of exposed to...................................................................... 34

18.......... Meaning of first point of entry.......................................................... 35

19.......... Meaning of goods............................................................................. 35

20.......... Meaning of installation..................................................................... 36

21.......... Meaning of operator of a conveyance.............................................. 37

22.......... Meaning of person in charge............................................................ 37

Part 3--Constitutional and international law provisions                            39

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                          39

23.......... Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 39

Division 2--Constitutional and international law provisions                40

24.......... Severability....................................................................................... 40

25.......... Application of this Act in relation to pests that are quarantine risks or invasive pests              42

26.......... Application of this Act in relation to invasive pests.......................... 43

27.......... Compensation for acquisition of property......................................... 43

28.......... Freedom of interstate trade, commerce and intercourse..................... 44

29.......... Commonwealth not to give preference.............................................. 44

30.......... Application of this Act to foreign aircraft and vessels....................... 44

Part 4--Principles affecting decisions to exercise certain powers          45

31.......... Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 45

32.......... The principles.................................................................................... 45

Chapter 2--Managing biosecurity risks: human health    49

Part 1--General protections and listing human diseases                             49

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                          49

33.......... Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 49

Division 2--Protections                                                                                             50

Subdivision A--General protections                                                                   50

34.......... The principles.................................................................................... 50

35.......... No interference with urgent or life-threatening medical needs........... 51

Subdivision B--Protections for children or incapable persons                   51

36.......... Child or incapable person may be accompanied................................ 51

37.......... Officer to contact parent, guardian or next of kin of unaccompanied child or incapable person               51

38.......... Requirement to comply with direction............................................... 52

39.......... Parent, guardian or next of kin may authorise person to accompany child or incapable person                53

40.......... Giving consent.................................................................................. 53

41.......... Exception for requiring an individual to remain at a place................. 53

Division 3--Listing human diseases                                                                    54

42.......... Listing human diseases..................................................................... 54

Part 2--Preventing risks to human health                                                           55

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                          55

43.......... Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 55

Division 2--Entry and exit requirements                                                        56

44.......... Entry requirements............................................................................ 56

45.......... Exit requirements.............................................................................. 57

46.......... Civil penalties for failing to comply with certain entry and exit requirements           60

Division 3--Contact information for operators                                           61

47.......... Requirements for operators to provide 24/7 contact information....... 61

Division 4--Pratique                                                                                                   62

48.......... Positive pratique................................................................................ 62

49.......... Negative pratique.............................................................................. 62

50.......... Pre-departure reporting..................................................................... 63

Division 5--Preventative biosecurity measures                                           65

51.......... Determining preventative biosecurity measures................................ 65

52.......... Civil penalty for failing to comply with a preventative biosecurity measure             66

Division 6--Information gathering powers                                                    67

54.......... Who may ask questions and require written information.................. 67

55.......... Asking questions and requiring answers from particular individuals 67

56.......... Asking questions and requiring answers from any individual.......... 68

57.......... Requiring an individual to provide written information..................... 69

58.......... Offence for failing to comply with a requirement.............................. 69

Part 3--Managing risks to human health: human biosecurity control orders     70

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                          70

59.......... Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 70

Division 2--Imposing human biosecurity control orders on individuals               72

Subdivision A--Imposing, varying and revoking human biosecurity control orders  72

60.......... Imposing a human biosecurity control order on an individual........... 72

61.......... Contents of a human biosecurity control order.................................. 73

62.......... Form of a human biosecurity control order....................................... 74

63.......... Giving a human biosecurity control order to an individual................ 74

64.......... Varying a human biosecurity control order....................................... 75

65.......... Giving notice of a variation of a human biosecurity control order..... 76

66.......... Revoking a human biosecurity control order..................................... 76

67.......... Notifying Director of Human Biosecurity of imposition, variation or revocation of human biosecurity control order.......................................................................................................... 77

Subdivision B--Powers if officer intends to impose human biosecurity control order               77

68.......... Requiring an individual to remain at a place...................................... 77

69.......... Providing contact information........................................................... 77

70.......... Requirement for an individual to notify changes to contact information 78

Subdivision C--When an individual is required to comply with a biosecurity measure             79

71.......... Consenting to a biosecurity measure................................................. 79

72.......... Director of Human Biosecurity may give direction requiring compliance                79

73.......... When direction to comply with biosecurity measure ceases to be in force                82

74.......... When individual is required to comply with a biosecurity measure... 83

Subdivision D--AAT review of isolation and traveller movement measures 85

75.......... Obligation on Director of Human Biosecurity relating to Administrative Appeals Tribunal application  85

76.......... Applications...................................................................................... 85

77.......... Reasons and documents.................................................................... 86

78.......... Time period for making a decision.................................................... 88

79.......... Limitation on Administrative Appeals Tribunal power to stay etc. decisions           89

Subdivision E--Other provisions relating to external review of isolation and traveller movement measures     89

80.......... Time period for making applications under the Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977     89

81.......... Judicial review of isolation and traveller movement measures.......... 90

Division 3--Biosecurity measures that may be included in a human biosecurity control order              91

Subdivision A--General provisions relating to including biosecurity measures in a human biosecurity control order                                                                                                         91

82.......... Who can include a biosecurity measure in a human biosecurity control order          91

83.......... Informing individual of risks............................................................ 91

84.......... Test for including a biosecurity measure in a human biosecurity control order        92

Subdivision B--Biosecurity measures that may be included in a human biosecurity control order        92

85.......... Managing contacts............................................................................ 92

86.......... Contacting officer with health status................................................. 93

87.......... Restricting behaviour........................................................................ 93

88.......... Risk minimisation interventions........................................................ 93

89.......... Decontamination............................................................................... 94

90.......... Undergoing an examination.............................................................. 94

91.......... Requiring body samples for diagnosis.............................................. 95

92.......... Receiving a vaccination or treatment................................................. 95

93.......... Receiving medication........................................................................ 96

94.......... Appropriate medical or other standards to be applied........................ 96

95.......... No use of force to require compliance with certain biosecurity measures 96

96.......... Traveller movement measure............................................................. 97

97.......... Isolation measure.............................................................................. 97

Subdivision C--Provisions relating to traveller movement measures       98

98.......... Traveller movement measure alert..................................................... 98

99.......... Content of traveller movement measure alert..................................... 99

100........ Destruction of traveller movement measure alert............................. 100

101........ Prevention from leaving Australian territory................................... 100

Division 4--Other provisions relating to human biosecurity control orders     101

Subdivision A--Consular assistance                                                                 101

102........ Consular assistance......................................................................... 101

Subdivision B--Detention                                                                                    102

103........ Detention......................................................................................... 102

104........ Rules relating to detention............................................................... 103

105........ Release from detention.................................................................... 104

106........ Offence for escaping from detention............................................... 105

Subdivision C--Miscellaneous                                                                            105

107........ Offence for failing to comply with a human biosecurity control order 105

108........ Expenses incurred in complying with human biosecurity control orders  105

Part 4--Managing risks to human health: other biosecurity measures 106

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        106

109........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 106

Division 2--Managing deceased individuals                                                107

110........ Human remains brought into Australian territory............................ 107

111........ Officer may give directions for managing human remains.............. 108

112........ Individuals who have died in transit or on arrival........................... 108

Division 3--Human health response zones                                                   110

113........ Determining human health response zones..................................... 110

114........ Consultation requirements............................................................... 111

115........ Notification requirements................................................................ 111

116........ Civil penalty for failing to comply with a requirement of a human health response zone determination   112

Chapter 3--Managing biosecurity risks: goods                        113

Part 1--Goods brought into Australian territory                                          113

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        113

117........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 113

118........ Objects of this Part.......................................................................... 114

Division 2--Goods are subject to biosecurity control                            115

119........ Goods brought into Australian territory are subject to biosecurity control               115

Division 3--Notice of goods to be unloaded in Australian territory 116

120........ Notice must be given of goods to be unloaded in Australian territory 116

121........ Notice of goods to be unloaded in Australian territory--requirement to give additional or corrected information   118

122........ Power to obtain extra information relating to goods covered by a notice under section 120     119

Division 4--Assessment of level of biosecurity risk                                 122

123........ Biosecurity risk assessment powers................................................ 122

124........ Direction to secure goods................................................................ 122

125........ Inspecting goods and taking samples.............................................. 122

126........ Asking questions about goods........................................................ 123

127........ Requiring documents relating to goods to be produced................... 124

128........ Movement of goods........................................................................ 124

129........ Biosecurity control notice may be affixed to goods or given to person in charge of goods      125

130........ Unauthorised persons must not move etc. goods in relation to which direction has been given or notice has been affixed........................................................................................................ 126

Division 5--Biosecurity measures to manage unacceptable level of biosecurity risk    128

131........ Biosecurity measures may be required in relation to goods............. 128

132........ Movement of goods........................................................................ 128

133........ Treatment of goods......................................................................... 128

134........ Treatment that is likely to damage goods......................................... 129

135........ Export of goods.............................................................................. 131

136........ Destruction of goods....................................................................... 131

137........ Regulations may provide for other biosecurity measures................ 133

138........ Powers of biosecurity officer if biosecurity measures are required. 134

139........ Biosecurity officer may affix notice to goods.................................. 135

140........ Person must comply with direction to take biosecurity measures.... 136

141........ Unauthorised persons must not move etc. goods to which notice has been affixed  136

Division 6--Unloading goods at landing places or ports                       138

142........ Application of this Division............................................................ 138

143........ Person in charge may allow goods to be unloaded from aircraft or vessel subject to direction etc.          138

144........ Person may unload goods from aircraft or vessel subject to direction etc.                139

145........ Goods must not be unloaded except at first point of entry for those goods or with permission               141

146........ Permission to unload goods at landing place or port other than first point of entry for those goods        141

147........ Goods must be brought to biosecurity entry point for those goods at first point of entry         143

148........ Permission to bring goods to alternative biosecurity entry point..... 145

149........ Receiving or possessing goods unloaded from aircraft or vessel in contravention of this Division         146

Division 7--Unloading goods from vessel displaying prescribed quarantine signal       148

150........ Application of this Division............................................................ 148

151........ Unloading goods from vessel displaying prescribed quarantine signal 148

152........ Receiving or possessing goods unloaded from vessel displaying prescribed quarantine signal               149

Division 8--Reporting biosecurity incidents                                                151

153........ Application of this Division............................................................ 151

154........ Director of Biosecurity may determine acts, omissions or events to be reportable biosecurity incidents  151

155........ Reporting by person in charge of aircraft or vessel carrying goods 151

156........ Reporting by person in charge of goods......................................... 152

157........ How reports must be made............................................................. 153

Division 9--Goods exposed to goods that are subject to biosecurity control    154

158........ Application of this Division............................................................ 154

159........ Assessment and management of biosecurity risk associated with exposed goods    154

160........ Exposed goods orders..................................................................... 155

161........ Effect of exposed goods order........................................................ 155

Division 10--Release of goods from biosecurity control                      157

162........ When goods brought into Australian territory are released from biosecurity control                157

163........ Notice releasing goods from biosecurity control............................. 158

164........ Revoking notice releasing goods from biosecurity control.............. 159

Part 2--Biosecurity Import Risk Analyses                                                         160

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        160

165........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 160

Division 2--Biosecurity Import Risk Analyses                                           161

166........ What is a Biosecurity Import Risk Analysis (BIRA)...................... 161

167........ Director of Biosecurity may conduct a BIRA................................. 161

168........ Agriculture Minister may direct Director of Biosecurity to commence a BIRA       161

169........ Process for conducting a BIRA...................................................... 162

170........ Reports............................................................................................ 163

Part 3--Prohibited goods etc.                                                                                     164

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        164

171........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 164

172........ Exclusion of State and Territory laws............................................. 165

Division 2--Prohibited goods and conditionally non-prohibited goods 166

173........ Prohibited goods............................................................................. 166

174........ Conditionally non-prohibited goods................................................ 167

175........ Security may be required in relation to conditionally non-prohibited goods             168

Division 3--Permits to bring or import goods into Australian territory              170

176........ Application of this Division............................................................ 170

177........ Person may apply for permit........................................................... 170

178........ Dealing with application.................................................................. 170

179........ Director of Biosecurity may grant permit........................................ 172

180........ Conditions of permit....................................................................... 173

181........ Variation, suspension or revocation of permit................................. 174

Division 4--Suspended goods                                                                               176

182........ Director of Biosecurity may suspend bringing or importation of goods into Australian territory for a period         176

183........ Variation of determination suspending bringing or importation of goods into Australian territory          177

184........ Effect on permit of suspended goods determination........................ 177

Division 5--Offences and civil penalty provisions                                    179

185........ Bringing or importing prohibited or suspended goods into Australian territory       179

186........ Contravening conditions applying to conditionally non-prohibited goods brought or imported into Australian territory........................................................................................................ 181

187........ Contravening conditions of a permit............................................... 183

188........ Receiving or possessing prohibited or suspended goods brought or imported into Australian territory   185

Chapter 4--Managing biosecurity risks: conveyances      186

Part 1--Introduction                                                                                                        186

189........ Objects of this Chapter.................................................................... 186

Part 2--Conveyances entering Australian territory etc.                            187

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        187

190........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 187

Division 2--Conveyances that are subject to biosecurity control    189

191........ Aircraft and vessels entering Australian territory............................ 189

192........ Conveyances exposed to other conveyances that are subject to biosecurity control  190

Division 3--Pre-arrival reporting etc.                                                            192

193........ Pre-arrival reporting........................................................................ 192

194........ Pre-arrival reporting--requirement to give additional or corrected information        194

195........ Power to obtain extra information relating to an aircraft or vessel covered by a pre-arrival report           195

196........ Persons on incoming aircraft or vessel may be required to provide information to assess biosecurity risk              197

Division 4--Assessment of level of biosecurity risk                                 199

197........ Biosecurity risk assessment powers................................................ 199

198........ Securing conveyance....................................................................... 199

199........ Inspecting conveyance.................................................................... 199

200........ Asking questions about conveyance............................................... 200

201........ Requiring documents relating to conveyance to be produced.......... 200

202........ Movement of conveyance............................................................... 201

203........ Biosecurity control notice may be affixed to conveyance or given to person in charge of conveyance     202

204........ Unauthorised persons must not move etc. conveyance in relation to which direction has been given      203

Division 5--Biosecurity measures to manage unacceptable level of biosecurity risk    204

204A..... Requirements to destroy vectors on incoming or outgoing aircraft or vessels          204

205........ Biosecurity measures may be required in relation to conveyance.... 204

206........ Movement of certain aircraft and vessels........................................ 204

207........ Movement of exposed conveyances................................................ 205

208........ Treatment of conveyance................................................................. 206

209........ Treatment that is likely to damage conveyance................................ 206

210........ Destruction of conveyance.............................................................. 208

211........ Conveyance must not be destroyed during review period............... 211

212........ Regulations may provide for other biosecurity measures................ 213

213........ Powers of biosecurity officer if biosecurity measures are required. 214

214........ Biosecurity officer may affix notice to conveyance......................... 215

215........ Person must comply with direction to take biosecurity measures.... 216

216........ Unauthorised persons must not move etc. conveyance in relation to which biosecurity measures have been required........................................................................................................ 218

Division 6--Leaving conveyances                                                                     220

217........ Person in charge of conveyance may leave conveyance unless directed not to do so               220

Division 7--Release of conveyances from biosecurity control          221

218........ When conveyance is released from biosecurity control................... 221

219........ Notice releasing conveyance from biosecurity control.................... 221

Division 8--Miscellaneous                                                                                     223

220........ Information about biosecurity requirements must be given to persons on board incoming aircraft or vessels          223

221........ Quarantine signal............................................................................ 223

Part 3--First points of entry and biosecurity entry points                       225

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        225

222........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 225

Division 2--First points of entry and biosecurity entry points for incoming aircraft and goods            226

223........ Determination of landing places that are first points of entry for aircraft or goods that are subject to biosecurity control........................................................................................................ 226

224........ Biosecurity entry points for aircraft and goods that are subject to biosecurity control              227

225........ Determination may be subject to conditions.................................... 227

226........ Determination may have effect for specified period........................ 227

227........ Variation and revocation of determination etc................................. 227

228........ Determination is a legislative instrument......................................... 228

Division 3--First points of entry and biosecurity entry points for incoming vessels and goods              229

229........ Determination of ports that are first points of entry for vessels or goods that are subject to biosecurity control      229

230........ Biosecurity entry points for vessels and goods that are subject to biosecurity control              230

231........ Determination may be subject to conditions.................................... 230

232........ Determination may have effect for specified period........................ 230

233........ Variation and revocation of determination etc................................. 230

234........ Determination is a legislative instrument......................................... 231

Part 4--Entry points for incoming aircraft and vessels                             232

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        232

235........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 232

Division 2--Entry points for aircraft that intend to land in Australian territory           233

236........ Application of this Division............................................................ 233

237........ Aircraft must land at first point of entry.......................................... 233

238........ Aircraft must be brought to relevant biosecurity entry point (if any) at first point of entry       235

239........ Permission for aircraft to land at landing place that is not first point of entry for aircraft         237

240........ Direction requiring aircraft to land, or not to land, at specified landing place           238

241........ Direction requiring aircraft not to land at any landing place in Australian territory   239

242........ Direction requiring aircraft to land, or not to land, at specified landing place--management of human health risks 240

243........ Person who is given direction must comply with it......................... 241

Division 3--Entry points for vessels that intend to be moored in Australian territory                243

244........ Application of this Division............................................................ 243

245........ Vessel must be moored at first point of entry.................................. 243

246........ Vessel must be brought to relevant biosecurity entry point (if any) at first point of entry        245

247........ Permission for vessel to be moored at port that is not first point of entry for vessel                247

248........ Direction requiring vessel to be moored, or not to be moored, at specified port       248

249........ Direction requiring vessel not to be moored at any port in Australian territory        249

250........ Direction requiring vessel to be moored, or not to be moored, at specified port--management of human health risks........................................................................................................ 250

251........ Person who is given direction must comply with it......................... 251

Division 4--Miscellaneous                                                                                     252

252........ Biosecurity officer etc. may enter landing places or ports............... 252

252A..... Direction to operator of first point of entry to carry out activities to control vectors 252

Part 5--Ship sanitation                                                                                                   254

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        254

253........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 254

Division 2--Ship sanitation                                                                                    255

254........ Application of this Division............................................................ 255

255........ Regulations may prescribe scheme in relation to ship sanitation..... 255

256........ Declaring ports at which vessels may be inspected for the purposes of the scheme 256

257........ Assessing and managing sanitation health risks.............................. 257

Chapter 5--Ballast water and sediment                                            259

Part 1--Application and interpretation                                                               259

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        259

258........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 259

Division 2--Application and interpretation                                                  260

259........ Extension of Chapter to every external Territory............................. 260

260........ Vessels in dry dock in Australia..................................................... 260

261........ Foreign vessels and the Australian Antarctic Territory................... 260

262........ References to the person in charge of a vessel do not include persons exercising certain powers            260

263........ Permanent ballast water in sealed tanks not subject to this Chapter. 260

263A..... Warships, naval auxiliary or other vessels owned or operated by the Australian government or the government of a foreign country................................................................................ 261

264........ Relationship with other Commonwealth laws................................. 261

265........ Relationship with State and Territory laws...................................... 261

Part 2--Notice of discharge of ballast water in Australian territorial seas            262

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        262

266........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 262

Division 2--Reporting ballast water discharges                                        263

267........ Reporting ballast water discharges in Australian territorial seas...... 263

268........ Reporting ballast water discharges in Australian territorial seas--requirement to give additional or corrected information........................................................................................................ 264

Part 3--Management of discharge of ballast water                                     267

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        267

269........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 267

Division 2--Offence of discharging ballast water                                     268

270........ Offence--discharging ballast water................................................ 268

Division 3--Exceptions: ballast water management                                270

Subdivision A--Exception                                                                                   270

271........ Exception--ballast water has been managed for discharge............. 270

Subdivision B--Methods of ballast water management                               270

272........ Approved method of ballast water management.............................. 270

273........ Method of ballast water management--application for approval..... 270

274........ Method of ballast water management--approval of method approved by foreign country       272

Subdivision C--Ballast water exchange                                                           272

275........ Management by ballast water exchange.......................................... 272

Division 4--Exception: discharge as part of acceptable ballast water exchange            274

276........ Exception--discharge as part of acceptable ballast water exchange 274

Division 5--Exception: approved discharge to ballast water reception facility               275

277........ Exception--approved discharge to ballast water reception facility.. 275

278........ Discharge to ballast water reception facility--application for approval 275

Division 6--Exception: discharge covered by exemption                     277

278A..... Exception--discharge covered by prescribed conditions................ 277

279........ Exception--discharge covered by exemption.................................. 277

280........ Director of Biosecurity may grant exemptions................................ 277

281........ Variation and revocation of exemption............................................ 279

Division 7--Exception: taking up and discharging ballast water at same place               280

282........ Exception--taking up and discharging ballast water at same place. 280

Division 8--Exceptions and reporting requirements relating to safety, accidents and pollution            281

283........ Exceptions--safety, accidents and pollution................................... 281

284........ Report of discharge relating to safety, accident or pollution............ 282

Part 4--Ballast water management plans and ballast water management certificates   284

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        284

285........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 284

Division 1A--General requirement to have ballast water management plan and certificate   285

285A..... Vessels to have a ballast water management plan and certificate..... 285

285B..... Scheme to provide further exemptions from requirement to have a ballast water management plan and certificate  285

285C..... Offence for failing to have a ballast water management plan or certificate                285

Division 2--Ballast water management plans                                             287

286........ Ballast water management plan....................................................... 287

287........ Approval of ballast water management plans for vessels................ 287

Division 3--Ballast water management certificates                                288

288........ Ballast water management certificate............................................... 288

290........ Issue or endorsement etc. of ballast water management certificate on behalf of the Commonwealth        288

Division 4--Survey authorities                                                                            290

290A..... Director of Biosecurity may authorise person to be survey authority 290

Part 5--Ballast water records                                                                                    291

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        291

291........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 291

Division 2--Ballast water records                                                                     292

292........ Vessels must have a ballast water record system............................ 292

293........ Recording ballast water operations and disposal of sediment.......... 292

294........ Records must be retained................................................................ 294

295........ Appropriate ballast water records for vessels.................................. 295

Part 6--Offence of disposing of sediment                                                           296

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        296

297........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 296

Division 2--Offence of disposing of sediment                                              297

298........ Offence--disposing of sediment..................................................... 297

299........ Exceptions--safety, accidents and pollution................................... 298

299A..... Report of disposal of sediment relating to safety, accident or pollution 299

Part 7--Compliance and enforcement                                                                  301

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        301

300........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 301

300A..... Purpose and location of exercise of powers.................................... 301

Division 2--Powers in relation to vessels                                                      302

300B..... Securing vessels.............................................................................. 302

300C..... Inspecting and taking samples from vessels.................................... 302

300D..... Asking questions about vessels...................................................... 303

301........ Power to require owner of vessel to provide ballast water records. 303

Division 3--Directions powers                                                                            305

302........ Directions not to discharge ballast water......................................... 305

303........ Directions about movement of vessel.............................................. 306

304........ Directions about movement of vessel--variation or revocation...... 306

304A..... Report on failure to comply with direction...................................... 307

305........ Offence--contravening a direction.................................................. 308

306........ Manner of giving directions etc....................................................... 309

Part 8--Miscellaneous                                                                                                     310

307........ Compensation for undue detention or delay of vessel..................... 310

308........ Prescribing matters by reference to other instruments..................... 310

308A..... Determination.................................................................................. 310

Chapter 6--Managing biosecurity risks: monitoring, control and response      312

Part 1--Introduction                                                                                                        312

309........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 312

310........ Modified meaning of biosecurity risk............................................. 312

311........ Objects of this Chapter.................................................................... 313

312........ Application of this Chapter............................................................. 314

Part 1A--Locating prohibited or suspended goods etc.                             315

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        315

312A..... Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 315

Division 2--Information-gathering powers                                                  316

312B..... Requirement to notify of information about goods that have become suspended goods           316

312C..... Requirement to notify of information about goods that have become prohibited goods           317

312D..... Information-gathering powers relating to prohibited goods, suspended goods and certain conditionally non-prohibited goods.............................................................................................. 318

312E...... Asking questions about goods........................................................ 319

312F...... Requiring documents relating to goods to be produced................... 319

Part 2--Assessment of level of biosecurity risk                                               321

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        321

313........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 321

Division 2--Circumstances in which biosecurity risk assessment powers may be exercised     323

314........ Reasonable suspicion that disease or pest may pose unacceptable level of biosecurity risk      323

315........ Exercise of biosecurity risk assessment powers in premises........... 324

Division 3--Biosecurity risk assessment powers                                       325

316........ Application of this Division............................................................ 325

317........ Direction to secure goods or conveyance........................................ 325

318........ Inspections and taking samples of goods or premises..................... 326

319........ Asking questions about goods or premises..................................... 327

320........ Requiring documents relating to goods or premises to be produced 327

321........ Movement of goods or conveyance................................................ 328

322........ Biosecurity officer may affix notice to goods or conveyance.......... 329

323........ Unauthorised persons must not move etc. goods or conveyance to which notice has been affixed          330

324........ Operating electronic equipment on premises................................... 331

325........ Expert assistance to operate electronic equipment........................... 332

326........ Compensation for damage to electronic equipment......................... 334

Division 4--Offences                                                                                                 336

327........ Contravention of direction............................................................... 336

328........ Contravention of requirement to answer questions etc.................... 336

329........ Contravention of requirement to produce documents...................... 337

330........ Unauthorised persons must not move etc. goods or conveyance to which notice has been affixed          337

Part 3--Biosecurity measures to manage unacceptable level of biosecurity risk                339

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        339

331........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 339

Division 2--Powers that may be exercised: general                                341

Subdivision A--Circumstances in which powers may be exercised          341

332........ Circumstances in which powers set out in this Division may be exercised              341

Subdivision B--Powers relating to entry to and exit from premises        342

333........ Entry and exit etc. requirements--persons...................................... 342

334........ Entry and exit etc. requirements--goods and conveyances............. 343

Subdivision C--Powers relating to treatment of goods, conveyances and other premises          344

335........ Treatment of goods......................................................................... 344

336........ Treatment that may damage goods.................................................. 344

337........ Treatment of conveyance................................................................. 346

338........ Treatment that may damage conveyance.......................................... 346

339........ Treatment of premises (other than a conveyance)............................ 348

340........ Treatment that may damage premises (other than a conveyance)..... 349

341........ Dealing with premises (other than a conveyance) if owner does not agree to treatment etc.     351

Subdivision D--Powers relating to destruction of goods, conveyances and other premises       352

342........ Destruction of goods....................................................................... 352

343........ Destruction of conveyance.............................................................. 354

344........ Destruction of premises.................................................................. 356

345........ High-value goods, conveyances or premises must not be destroyed during review period      357

Division 3--Powers provided by regulations                                               360

346........ Regulations may provide for other biosecurity measures................ 360

Division 4--Other powers                                                                                      362

347........ Powers of biosecurity officer if biosecurity measures are required. 362

348........ Biosecurity officer may affix notice to goods or premises.............. 363

Division 5--Offences and civil penalty provisions                                    365

349........ Contravention of requirement relating to entering or leaving etc. premises               365

350........ Person must comply with direction................................................. 365

351........ Unauthorised persons must not move etc. goods or conveyance to which notice has been affixed          366

Part 4--Biosecurity control orders                                                                          368

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        368

352........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 368

Division 2--Making, varying and revoking biosecurity control orders                369

353........ Director of Biosecurity may make biosecurity control order to manage unacceptable level of biosecurity risk        369

354........ Content of a biosecurity control order............................................. 369

355........ Form of biosecurity control order................................................... 371

356........ Biosecurity control order to be given to person in charge etc. of goods or premises or affixed to goods or premises........................................................................................................ 371

357........ Circumstances in which biosecurity control order ceases to be in force 372

358........ Variation of biosecurity control order............................................. 372

359........ Revocation of biosecurity control order.......................................... 374

Division 3--Powers that may be exercised under biosecurity control order     376

360........ Powers that may be exercised--general.......................................... 376

361........ Exercise of powers in premises....................................................... 376

362........ Power to secure goods or premises to deal with another disease or pest  377

Division 4--Civil penalty provision                                                                  379

363........ Unauthorised persons must not interfere with etc. biosecurity control order affixed to goods or premises              379

Part 5--Biosecurity response zones                                                                        380

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        380

364........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 380

Division 2--Biosecurity response zone determinations                          381

365........ Director of Biosecurity may determine biosecurity response zone.. 381

366........ Content of a biosecurity response zone determination..................... 382

367........ Additional powers that may be specified in a biosecurity response zone determination           383

368........ Consultation requirements............................................................... 384

369........ Notification requirements................................................................ 384

Division 3--Powers that may be exercised in biosecurity response zones           385

370........ Powers that may be exercised--general.......................................... 385

371........ Exercise of powers in premises....................................................... 386

372........ Power to secure goods or premises to deal with another disease or pest  386

Division 4--Offences and civil penalty provisions                                    388

373........ Unauthorised persons must not interfere with etc. notices or markings identifying biosecurity response zone        388

374........ Unauthorised persons must not interfere with etc. notices or markings identifying goods or premises in a biosecurity response zone.................................................................................. 389

375........ Person must comply with direction................................................. 390

376........ Unauthorised persons must not interfere with etc. equipment etc. set up in biosecurity response zone    390

Part 6--Biosecurity monitoring zones                                                                   393

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        393

377........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 393

Division 2--Permanent biosecurity monitoring zones                            395

Subdivision A--Areas that are permanent biosecurity monitoring zones 395

378........ Permanent biosecurity monitoring zones......................................... 395

Subdivision B--Powers that may be exercised in permanent biosecurity monitoring zones      395

379........ Powers that may be exercised--general.......................................... 395

380........ Exercise of powers in premises....................................................... 397

Subdivision C--Civil penalty provisions                                                         398

381........ Unauthorised persons must not interfere with etc. notices or markings identifying permanent biosecurity monitoring zone........................................................................................................ 398

382........ Unauthorised persons must not interfere with etc. notices or markings identifying goods or premises in a permanent biosecurity monitoring zone............................................................ 399

383........ Unauthorised persons must not interfere with etc. equipment etc. set up in permanent biosecurity monitoring zone........................................................................................................ 400

Division 3--Temporary biosecurity monitoring zones                           401

Subdivision A--Temporary biosecurity monitoring zone determinations 401

384........ Director of Biosecurity may determine temporary biosecurity monitoring zone       401

385........ Content of a temporary biosecurity monitoring zone determination 402

386........ Additional powers that may be specified in a temporary biosecurity monitoring zone determination       403

387........ Consultation requirements............................................................... 404

388........ Notification requirements................................................................ 404

Subdivision B--Powers that may be exercised in temporary biosecurity monitoring zones      405

389........ Powers that may be exercised--general.......................................... 405

390........ Exercise of powers in premises....................................................... 405

Subdivision C--Civil penalty provisions                                                         406

391........ Unauthorised persons must not interfere with etc. notices or markings identifying temporary biosecurity monitoring zone........................................................................................................ 406

392........ Unauthorised persons must not interfere with etc. notices or markings identifying goods or premises in temporary biosecurity monitoring zone............................................................ 407

393........ Unauthorised persons must not interfere with etc. equipment etc. set up in temporary biosecurity monitoring zone........................................................................................................ 408

Part 7--Biosecurity activity zones                                                                            410

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        410

394........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 410

Division 2--Biosecurity activity zone determinations                            411

395........ Director of Biosecurity may determine biosecurity activity zone..... 411

396........ Consultation requirements............................................................... 412

397........ Notification requirements................................................................ 412

398........ Revocation of biosecurity activity zone determination..................... 412

Division 3--Powers that may be exercised in biosecurity activity zones              413

399........ Powers that may be exercised......................................................... 413

400........ Use of force.................................................................................... 414

Division 4--Offences and civil penalty provisions                                    415

401........ Unauthorised persons must not interfere with etc. notices or markings identifying biosecurity activity zone           415

402........ Unauthorised persons must not interfere with etc. notices or markings identifying goods or premises in a biosecurity activity zone.................................................................................... 416

403........ Person must comply with direction................................................. 416

Chapter 7--Approved arrangements                                                   418

Part 1--Introduction                                                                                                        418

404........ Simplified outline of this Chapter.................................................... 418

Part 2--Approval of proposed arrangement                                                    420

405........ Person may apply to relevant Director for approval of proposed arrangement to carry out biosecurity activities     420

406........ Relevant Director must decide whether or not to approve proposed arrangement    420

407........ Proposed arrangement may be approved subject to condition requiring security to be given   421

408........ Notice of decision........................................................................... 422

409........ Period of effect of approved arrangement....................................... 422

410........ Restrictions on applications for approval of proposed arrangements etc. 422

411........ Transfer of approved arrangement.................................................. 423

Part 3--Variation of approved arrangement                                                   424

Division 1--Application by biosecurity industry participant              424

412........ Application for approval of varied arrangement.............................. 424

Division 2--Variation required by relevant Director                             425

413........ Relevant Director may vary or require variation of approved arrangement               425

414........ Notice varying conditions of approved arrangement....................... 425

415........ Date of effect of variation of conditions of approved arrangement.. 426

416........ Notice requiring approved arrangement to be varied....................... 426

Part 4--Suspension of approved arrangement                                               427

Division 1--Suspension requested by biosecurity industry participant 427

417........ Biosecurity industry participant may request relevant Director to suspend all or part of approved arrangement      427

Division 2--Suspension by relevant Director                                              430

418........ Relevant Director may suspend approved arrangement................... 430

419........ Notice of suspension....................................................................... 432

420........ Period of suspension....................................................................... 432

Division 3--Management of biosecurity risks during suspension     433

421........ Management of biosecurity risks during suspension...................... 433

Part 5--Revocation of approved arrangement                                               435

Division 1--Revocation requested by biosecurity industry participant                435

422........ Biosecurity industry participant may request relevant Director to revoke approved arrangement             435

Division 2--Revocation by relevant Director                                             436

423........ Relevant Director may revoke approved arrangement..................... 436

424........ Notice of revocation........................................................................ 437

425........ Date of effect of revocation............................................................. 438

Division 3--Management of biosecurity risks after revocation        439

426........ Management of biosecurity risks after revocation........................... 439

Part 6--Powers and obligations of biosecurity industry participants 441

Division 1--General                                                                                                  441

427........ Authorisation to carry out biosecurity activities in accordance with approved arrangement     441

428........ Biosecurity industry participant must carry out biosecurity activities in accordance with approved arrangement etc......................................................................................................... 441

429........ Biosecurity officer may give direction to biosecurity industry participant to manage biosecurity risks    442

430........ Biosecurity industry participant may charge fee in relation to biosecurity activities carried out                443

Division 2--Biosecurity incidents                                                                       445

431........ Reporting biosecurity incidents....................................................... 445

432........ Costs of dealing with biosecurity incidents..................................... 446

Part 7--Other provisions                                                                                               448

Division 1--Applications for approval                                                            448

433........ Applications to which this Division applies.................................... 448

434........ Requirements for applications......................................................... 448

435........ Dealing with applications................................................................ 449

Division 2--Audit powers                                                                                       451

436........ Relevant Director may require audit to be carried out...................... 451

437........ Powers of auditors.......................................................................... 452

Division 3--Miscellaneous                                                                                     454

438........ Giving false or misleading information to a biosecurity industry participant            454

439........ Giving false or misleading documents to a biosecurity industry participant             455

440........ Obstruction or hindrance of person acting in accordance with approved arrangement             456

441........ Protection from civil proceedings.................................................... 456

Chapter 8--Biosecurity emergencies and human biosecurity emergencies           458

Part 1--Biosecurity emergencies                                                                              458

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        458

442........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 458

Division 2--Declaration of biosecurity emergency                                  460

443........ Governor-General may declare that a biosecurity emergency exists 460

444........ Governor-General may extend biosecurity emergency period......... 461

Division 3--Emergency requirements, directions and actions           463

445........ Agriculture Minister may determine emergency requirements during biosecurity emergencies                463

446........ Agriculture Minister may give directions and take actions during biosecurity emergencies     464

447........ Limits on power to give directions and take actions........................ 466

448........ Limit on requiring individuals to be subject to certain biosecurity measures            467

449........ Person must comply with emergency requirements and directions. 467

450........ Asking questions relating to biosecurity emergencies..................... 468

451........ Requiring documents relating to biosecurity emergencies............... 469

Division 4--National response agencies                                                         471

452........ Agriculture Minister may declare national response agency............ 471

453........ Agriculture Minister may delegate certain emergency powers........ 471

454........ Executive head of national response agency may subdelegate certain emergency powers        472

455........ Delegation does not limit other powers........................................... 473

456........ Notice may be affixed to goods or a conveyance............................ 473

457........ Moving or interfering with goods or conveyance........................... 475

Division 5--Exercise of powers during biosecurity emergencies     477

458........ Modification of this Act during biosecurity emergencies................ 477

459........ Biosecurity risk assessment powers................................................ 477

460........ Application of offences during emergencies................................... 478

461........ Biosecurity control orders--making orders.................................... 479

462........ Biosecurity control orders--varying orders.................................... 480

463........ Biosecurity control orders--revoking orders.................................. 481

464........ Modification of Part 4 of Chapter 6 in relation to biosecurity control orders            482

465........ Biosecurity response zones............................................................. 482

466........ Setting traps and setting up equipment and other structures............ 484

467........ Notice requirements during biosecurity emergencies...................... 484

468........ Other biosecurity measures during biosecurity emergencies........... 485

469........ Merits review during biosecurity emergencies................................ 485

Division 6--Entry to premises without warrant or consent during biosecurity emergencies   487

470........ Entry to premises without warrant or consent during biosecurity emergencies        487

471........ Modification of Chapter 6............................................................... 489

472........ Entry to adjacent premises without warrant or consent during biosecurity emergencies           489

Part 2--Human biosecurity emergencies                                                             491

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        491

473........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 491

Division 2--Human biosecurity emergency powers                                492

474........ Health Minister to exercise human biosecurity emergency powers personally         492

475........ Governor-General may declare that a human biosecurity emergency exists             492

476........ Governor-General may extend a human biosecurity emergency period 493

477........ Health Minister may determine emergency requirements during human biosecurity emergency period   494

478........ Health Minister may give directions during human biosecurity emergency period   496

479........ Person must comply with emergency requirements and directions. 497

Chapter 9--Compliance and enforcement                                     499

Part 1--Monitoring                                                                                                           499

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        499

480........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 499

Division 2--Monitoring under Part 2 of the Regulatory Powers Act 500

481........ Basic monitoring powers under Part 2 of the Regulatory Powers Act 500

482........ Modifications of Part 2 of the Regulatory Powers Act................... 501

Part 2--Investigation                                                                                                       504

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        504

483........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 504

Division 2--Investigating under Part 3 of the Regulatory Powers Act 505

484........ Basic investigation powers under Part 3 of the Regulatory Powers Act.. 505

485........ Modifications of Part 3 of the Regulatory Powers Act................... 506

Part 3--Warrants for purposes other than monitoring and investigation              509

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        509

486........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 509

Division 2--Issue of warrants                                                                              510

Subdivision A--Ordinary issue of warrants                                                   510

487........ Warrants this Subdivision applies to............................................... 510

488........ Application and issue of warrant..................................................... 510

489........ Test to be met for issue of warrant.................................................. 511

490........ Content of warrant.......................................................................... 514

Subdivision B--Issue of certain warrants by telephone, fax etc.               517

491........ Application of this Subdivision to certain warrants......................... 517

492........ Issue of certain warrants by telephone, fax etc................................ 517

493........ Authority of warrant....................................................................... 519

494........ Fault-based offence relating to warrants by telephone, fax etc........ 519

Division 3--Executing warrants relating to aircraft or vessels        521

495........ Executing warrants relating to aircraft or vessels............................ 521

Part 4--General rules about entry to premises under a warrant or consent        522

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        522

496........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 522

Division 2--Entering adjacent premises to gain access to other premises          523

497........ Meaning of premises...................................................................... 523

498........ Entering adjacent premises to gain access to other premises........... 523

499........ Entry under adjacent premises warrants.......................................... 524

Division 3--Obligations and powers of biosecurity enforcement officers            525

Subdivision A--Obligations relating to consent                                             525

500........ Consent........................................................................................... 525

Subdivision B--Obligations and powers relating to warrants                   526

501........ Warrants this Subdivision applies to............................................... 526

502........ Announcement before execution of warrant.................................... 526

503........ Biosecurity enforcement officer to be in possession of warrant...... 528

504........ Details of warrant etc. to be provided.............................................. 528

505........ Use of force in executing a warrant................................................. 528

Division 4--Appropriate person's rights and responsibilities relating to warrants       530

506........ Warrants this Division applies to.................................................... 530

507........ Appropriate person's right to observe execution of warrant........... 530

508........ Appropriate person to provide facilities and assistance................... 530

Part 5--Entering and exercising powers on premises without a warrant or consent      532

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        532

509........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 532

Division 2--Monitoring and searching relevant premises                    533

510........ Meaning of relevant premises......................................................... 533

511........ Monitoring relevant premises.......................................................... 533

512........ Offence-related searches and seizures............................................. 534

Division 3--Powers, rights and responsibilities relating to entry     536

Subdivision A--Application of this Division                                                   536

513........ Application of this Division............................................................ 536

Subdivision B--Obligations and powers of biosecurity enforcement officers in entering premises        536

514........ Announcement before entry............................................................ 536

515........ Use of force in entering premises.................................................... 537

Subdivision C--Appropriate person's rights and responsibilities on entry 537

516........ Appropriate person is entitled to observe exercise of powers......... 537

517........ Appropriate person to provide officers etc. with facilities and assistance 538

Part 6--Civil penalties                                                                                                     539

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        539

518........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 539

Division 2--Civil penalties under Part 4 of the Regulatory Powers Act              540

519........ Basic operation of civil penalties under Part 4 of the Regulatory Powers Act          540

520........ Modifications of Part 4 of the Regulatory Powers Act................... 541

Division 3--Civil penalties for executive officers of bodies corporate  544

521........ Civil penalties for executive officers of bodies corporate................ 544

Part 7--Infringement notices                                                                                      546

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        546

522........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 546

Division 2--Infringement notices under Part 5 of the Regulatory Powers Act                547

523........ Basic provisions for infringement notices under Part 5 of the Regulatory Powers Act            547

524........ Modifications of Part 5 of the Regulatory Powers Act................... 549

524A..... Director of Biosecurity may determine list of goods for purposes of infringement notices      551

Part 8--Enforceable undertakings                                                                         553

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        553

525........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 553

Division 2--Accepting and enforcing undertakings under Part 6 of the Regulatory Powers Act          554

526........ Enforceable undertakings................................................................ 554

Part 9--Injunctions                                                                                                           555

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        555

527........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 555

Division 2--Injunctions under Part 7 of the Regulatory Powers Act 556

528........ Injunctions...................................................................................... 556

Part 10--Miscellaneous                                                                                                  557

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        557

529........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 557

Division 2--Fit and proper person test                                                           558

530........ Fit and proper person test................................................................ 558

Division 3--Personal information for applications                                  561

531........ Personal information for applications.............................................. 561

Division 4--Civil penalty provisions for false or misleading information or documents             562

532........ Civil penalty provision for false or misleading information............ 562

533........ Civil penalty provision for false or misleading documents.............. 563

Division 5--General rules about offences and civil penalty provisions 564

534........ Physical elements of offences......................................................... 564

535........ Contravening offence and civil penalty provisions.......................... 564

Division 6--Miscellaneous                                                                                     565

536........ Persons assisting biosecurity officers or biosecurity enforcement officers               565

537........ Powers of issuing officers.............................................................. 567

538........ Judicial review of directions to secure goods or conveyances......... 567

Chapter 10--Governance and officials                                              569

Part 1--Introduction                                                                                                        569

539........ Simplified outline of this Chapter.................................................... 569

Part 2--Director of Biosecurity                                                                                 570

540........ Director of Biosecurity.................................................................... 570

541........ Functions and powers of Director of Biosecurity........................... 570

541A..... Power to arrange for certain decisions to be made by computer programs               571

542........ Delegation and subdelegation.......................................................... 573

543........ Agriculture Minister may give general directions to Director of Biosecurity            577

Part 3--Director of Human Biosecurity                                                              578

544........ Director of Human Biosecurity....................................................... 578

544A..... Delegation of Director's functions or powers relating to human biosecurity control orders     578

Part 4--Biosecurity officers and biosecurity enforcement officers     579

Division 1--Authorisation                                                                                      579

Subdivision A--Authorisation by Director of Biosecurity                          579

545........ Authorisation by Director of Biosecurity of persons as biosecurity officers            579

546........ Authorisation by Director of Biosecurity of persons as biosecurity enforcement officers        580

547........ Arrangements for State or Territory officers or employees to be biosecurity officers or biosecurity enforcement officers........................................................................................................ 581

Subdivision B--Authorisation by Director of Human Biosecurity           581

548........ Authorisation by Director of Human Biosecurity of persons as biosecurity enforcement officers           581

549........ Arrangements for State or Territory officers or employees to be biosecurity enforcement officers          582

Division 2--Functions and powers                                                                    583

Subdivision A--General                                                                                       583

550........ Functions and powers of biosecurity officers................................. 583

551........ Functions and powers of biosecurity enforcement officers............. 583

552........ Directions to assist persons performing functions etc. under this Act 584

553........ Biosecurity officers and biosecurity enforcement officers may be assisted by animals            585

554........ Carrying out tests on samples......................................................... 586

555........ Biosecurity officer may direct person in charge of conveyance to permit biosecurity officer to board     587

556........ Powers that may be exercised by biosecurity officer after boarding a conveyance   588

557........ Biosecurity officer may give permission to engage in certain conduct 589

Subdivision B--Decontamination                                                                      590

558........ Decontaminating an individual........................................................ 590

559........ Direction to individual to be decontaminated................................... 591

560........ Decontaminating clothing and personal effects............................... 592

561........ Other protections in relation to decontamination............................. 593

Part 5--Chief human biosecurity officers and human biosecurity officers           595

Division 1--Authorisation                                                                                      595

562........ Authorisation of chief human biosecurity officers.......................... 595

563........ Authorisation of human biosecurity officers................................... 595

564........ Arrangements for State or Territory officers or employees to be chief human biosecurity officers or human biosecurity officers............................................................................................ 596

Division 2--Functions and powers                                                                    597

565........ Functions and powers of chief human biosecurity officers............. 597

566........ Functions and powers of human biosecurity officers...................... 597

Part 6--Inspector-General of Biosecurity                                                          598

Division 1--Inspector-General of Biosecurity                                            598

566A..... Inspector-General of Biosecurity.................................................... 598

566B..... Term of office................................................................................. 598

566C..... Remuneration.................................................................................. 598

566D..... Leave of absence for full-time Inspector-General............................ 599

566E...... Engaging in other paid employment................................................ 599

566F...... Other terms and conditions............................................................. 599

566G..... Resignation..................................................................................... 600

566H..... Termination of appointment............................................................ 600

566J...... Acting appointments....................................................................... 601

Division 2--Reviews by the Inspector-General                                          602

567........ Inspector-General may review administration of provisions........... 602

568........ Inspector-General may require information etc. for review............. 602

Part 7--Miscellaneous                                                                                                     604

569........ Identity cards--biosecurity officers etc........................................... 604

570........ Identity cards--human biosecurity officers etc............................... 604

571........ Offence--failure to return identity card........................................... 605

572........ General provisions relating to directions......................................... 605

Chapter 11--Miscellaneous                                                                             607

Part 1--Review of decisions                                                                                        607

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        607

573........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 607

Division 2--Review of decisions                                                                         608

574........ Reviewable decisions...................................................................... 608

575........ Notice of decision........................................................................... 613

576........ Internal review of reviewable decisions.......................................... 614

577........ Director of Biosecurity may require further information from applicants 615

578........ Review by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal............................. 616

Part 2--Confidentiality of information                                                                617

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        617

579........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 617

Division 2--Confidentiality of information                                                   618

580........ Disclosure of protected information................................................ 618

581........ Use in accordance with section 580 does not contravene laws etc.. 619

582........ Authorisation to use information for purposes of proceedings....... 620

583........ Authorisation to use information that is also received from another source, and use of information by prescribed agencies........................................................................................................ 621

584........ Authorisation to use information required by another law.............. 622

585........ Offence relating to protected information........................................ 623

586........ Exception for use of information in good faith................................ 623

587........ Exception for person who does not know that information is commercial-in-confidence         624

588........ Exception for disclosing to the person to whom information relates, or if the person to whom information relates consents.......................................................................................... 624

589........ Exception for disclosure to person who provided the information.. 625

590........ Annual report.................................................................................. 625

Part 3--Cost recovery                                                                                                     626

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        626

591........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 626

Division 2--Fees                                                                                                          627

592........ Fees and other rules for fee-bearing activities................................. 627

Division 3--Payment of cost-recovery charges                                         628

593........ Paying cost-recovery charges.......................................................... 628

594........ Notional payments by the Commonwealth...................................... 628

Division 4--Unpaid cost-recovery charges                                                  629

Subdivision A--General                                                                                       629

595........ Late payment fee............................................................................. 629

596........ Recovery of cost-recovery charges................................................. 629

597........ Suspending or revoking permits etc. because of unpaid cost-recovery charges        629

Subdivision B--Dealing with goods to recover unpaid cost-recovery charges              630

598........ Creation of charge on goods........................................................... 630

599........ Effect of charge on goods............................................................... 631

600........ Biosecurity officer may withhold goods that are subject to charge.. 632

601........ Moving or interfering with withheld goods.................................... 633

602........ When goods stop being withheld.................................................... 633

603........ Sale of withheld goods.................................................................... 634

Subdivision C--Dealing with a conveyance to recover unpaid cost-recovery charge  635

604........ Creation of charge on conveyance................................................... 635

605........ Effect of charge on conveyance....................................................... 636

606........ Director of Biosecurity may detain conveyance that is subject to charge  637

607........ Moving or interfering with detained conveyance............................ 638

608........ Release of detained conveyance...................................................... 639

609........ Sale of detained conveyance............................................................ 640

Division 5--Power to sell goods and conveyances                                    642

610........ Sale of goods and conveyances....................................................... 642

611........ Dealing with the proceeds of sale.................................................... 642

Division 6--Miscellaneous                                                                                     644

612........ Providing sustenance for animals and plants................................... 644

613........ Agriculture Minister may remit or refund cost-recovery charges.... 645

614........ Extraterritorial operation of this Part............................................... 646

Part 4--Exemptions from and modifications of this Act                           647

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        647

615........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 647

Division 2--Exemptions from and modifications of this Act               648

Subdivision A--Exemption and modification by regulation                      648

616........ Exemptions from and modifications of this Act.............................. 648

617........ Exemptions for Torres Strait Treaty................................................ 648

Subdivision B--Modifications relating to declared movements between parts of Australian territory  650

618........ Modified operation of this Act in relation to declared movements between parts of Australian territory  650

619........ Affected provisions and exit provisions.......................................... 653

620........ How the affected provisions (except the exit provisions) apply because of this Subdivision   654

621........ Release from biosecurity control if goods leave destination part..... 656

622........ Release from biosecurity control if aircraft or vessel leaves destination part            656

623........ How the exit provisions apply because of this Subdivision............ 658

624........ Relationship between this Subdivision and other provisions of this Act  658

Part 5--Miscellaneous                                                                                                     659

Division 1--Introduction                                                                                        659

625........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 659

Division 2--Abandoned or forfeited goods and conveyances             660

626........ Abandoned goods........................................................................... 660

627........ Forfeited goods............................................................................... 661

628........ Prohibited goods etc. may be forfeited to the Commonwealth........ 662

629........ Abandoned conveyances................................................................. 664

630........ Forfeited conveyances..................................................................... 665

Division 3--Damaged and destroyed goods etc.                                        667

631........ Person complying with direction or request must not damage or destroy goods      667

632........ Compensation for damaged goods.................................................. 668

633........ Compensation for destroyed goods, conveyances or other premises 668

634........ Claims for, and amount of, compensation....................................... 670

Division 4--Miscellaneous                                                                                     672

635........ Privilege against self-incrimination................................................. 672

636........ Offence--hindering compliance with the Act etc............................ 673

637........ Certificates given by analyst............................................................ 674

638........ Admission of analyst's certificate in proceedings........................... 675

639........ Power or requirement to do or cause a thing to be done.................. 676

639A..... Clarifying conditionally non-prohibited goods................................ 676

640........ Treatment of partnerships................................................................ 677

641........ Treatment of unincorporated associations....................................... 678

642........ Arrangements with States and Territories to assist in carrying out this Act              678

643........ Delegation of powers by Agriculture Minister................................ 679

644........ Protection from civil proceedings.................................................... 680

645........ Regulations..................................................................................... 682

Endnotes                                                                                                                                  683

Endnote 1--About the endnotes                                                                          683

Endnote 2--Abbreviation key                                                                              685

Endnote 3--Legislation history                                                                           686

Endnote 4--Amendment history                                                                         688


  

Endnotes

Endnote 1--About the endnotes

The endnotes provide information about this compilation and the compiled law.

The following endnotes are included in every compilation:

Endnote 1--About the endnotes

Endnote 2--Abbreviation key

Endnote 3--Legislation history

Endnote 4--Amendment history

Abbreviation key--Endnote 2

The abbreviation key sets out abbreviations that may be used in the endnotes.

Legislation history and amendment history--Endnotes 3 and 4

Amending laws are annotated in the legislation history and amendment history.

The legislation history in endnote 3 provides information about each law that has amended (or will amend) the compiled law. The information includes commencement details for amending laws and details of any application, saving or transitional provisions that are not included in this compilation.

The amendment history in endnote 4 provides information about amendments at the provision (generally section or equivalent) level. It also includes information about any provision of the compiled law that has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law.

Editorial changes

The Legislation Act 2003 authorises First Parliamentary Counsel to make editorial and presentational changes to a compiled law in preparing a compilation of the law for registration. The changes must not change the effect of the law. Editorial changes take effect from the compilation registration date.

If the compilation includes editorial changes, the endnotes include a brief outline of the changes in general terms. Full details of any changes can be obtained from the Office of Parliamentary Counsel.

Misdescribed amendments

A misdescribed amendment is an amendment that does not accurately describe the amendment to be made. If, despite the misdescription, the amendment can be given effect as intended, the amendment is incorporated into the compiled law and the abbreviation "(md)" added to the details of the amendment included in the amendment history.

If a misdescribed amendment cannot be given effect as intended, the abbreviation "(md not incorp)" is added to the details of the amendment included in the amendment history.

 

Endnote 2--Abbreviation key

ad = added or inserted

o = order(s)

am = amended

Ord = Ordinance

amdt = amendment

orig = original

c = clause(s)

par = paragraph(s)/subparagraph(s)

C[x] = Compilation No. x

/sub-subparagraph(s)

Ch = Chapter(s)

pres = present

def = definition(s)

prev = previous

Dict = Dictionary

(prev ... ) = previously

disallowed = disallowed by Parliament

Pt = Part(s)

Div = Division(s)

r = regulation(s)/rule(s)

ed = editorial change

reloc = relocated

exp = expires/expired or ceases/ceased to have

renum = renumbered

effect

rep = repealed

F = Federal Register of Legislation

rs = repealed and substituted

gaz = gazette

s = section(s)/subsection(s)

LA = Legislation Act 2003

Sch = Schedule(s)

LIA = Legislative Instruments Act 2003

Sdiv = Subdivision(s)

(md) = misdescribed amendment can be given

SLI = Select Legislative Instrument

effect

SR = Statutory Rules

(md not incorp) = misdescribed amendment

Sub-Ch = Sub-Chapter(s)

cannot be given effect

SubPt = Subpart(s)

mod = modified/modification

underlining = whole or part not

No. = Number(s)

commenced or to be commenced

 

Endnote 3--Legislation history

 

Act

Number and year

Assent

Commencement

Application, saving and transitional provisions

Biosecurity Act 2015

61, 2015

16 June 2015

s 3-645: 16 June 2016 (s 2(1) item 2)
Remainder: 16 June 2015 (s 2(1) item 1)

 

Customs and Other Legislation Amendment (Australian Border Force) Act 2015

41, 2015

20 May 2015

Sch 8 (items 2, 3): 16 June 2016 (s 2(1) item 3)
Sch 9: 1 July 2015 (s 2(1) item 7)

Sch 9

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Australian Border Force Amendment (Protected Information) Act 2017

115, 2017

30 Oct 2017

Sch 1 (item 26): 1 July 2015 (s 2(1) item 2)

--

Tribunals Amalgamation Act 2015

60, 2015

26 May 2015

Sch 8 (item 54): 16 June 2016 (s 2(1) item 20) Sch 9: 1 July 2015 (s 2(1) item 22)

Sch 9

Passports Legislation Amendment (Integrity) Act 2015

122, 2015

10 Sept 2015

Sch 1 (item 121): 16 June 2016 (s 2(1) item 3)

--

Statute Law Revision (Spring 2016) Act 2016

67, 2016

20 Oct 2016

Sch 1 (items 3-9): 17 Nov 2016 (s 2(1) item 2)

--

Biosecurity Amendment (Ballast Water and Other Measures) Act 2017

34, 2017

17 May 2017

Sch 1: 8 Sept 2017 (s 2(1) item 2)
Remainder: 18 May 2017 (s 2(1) items 1, 3)

Sch 1 (items 31, 76, 79, 81, 85, 87, 93, 103, 110, 115, 136, 140) and Sch 2 (item 8)

Statute Update (Winter 2017) Act 2017

93, 2017

23 Aug 2017

Sch 2 (items 3-8): 20 Sept 2017 (s 2(1) item 4)

--

Biosecurity Legislation Amendment (Miscellaneous Measures) Act 2018

88, 2018

31 Aug 2018

Sch 1 (items 1-12): 1 Sept 2018 (s 2(1) item 2)
Sch 1 (item 13): 1 Mar 2019 (s 2(1) item 3)

--

Coronavirus Economic Response Package Omnibus Act 2020

22, 2020

24 Mar 2020

Sch 5: 25 Mar 2020 (s 2(1) item 4)

--

Biosecurity Amendment (Traveller Declarations and Other Measures) Act 2020

99, 2020

20 Nov 2020

1 Jan 2021 (s 2(1) item 1)

--

Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Consequential Amendments and Transitional Provisions) Act 2021

13, 2021

1 Mar 2021

Sch 2 (items 144-147): 1 Sept 2021 (s 2(1) item 5)

--

Agriculture Legislation Amendment (Streamlining Administration) Act 2021

16, 2021

1 Mar 2021

Sch 1 (items 1-9): 2 Mar 2021 (s 2(1) item 1)

--

Biosecurity Amendment (Clarifying Conditionally Non-prohibited Goods) Act 2021

33, 2021

31 Mar 2021

1 Apr 2021 (s 2(1) item 1)

--

Biosecurity Amendment (Strengthening Penalties) Act 2021

58, 2021

29 June 2021

30 June 2021 (s 2(1) item 1)

Sch 1 (item 2)

Endnote 4--Amendment history

 

Provision affected

How affected

Chapter 1

 

Part 1

 

s 3........................................

am No 34, 2017

s 4........................................

am No 34, 2017

Part 2

 

s 9........................................

am No 41, 2015; No 34, 2017; No 88, 2018; No 13, 2021

s 15......................................

am No 88, 2018

Chapter 2

 

Part 1

 

Division 3

 

s 42......................................

am No 93, 2017

Part 2

 

Division 1

 

s 43......................................

am No 34, 2017

Division 2

 

s 44......................................

am No 93, 2017

s 45......................................

am No 93, 2017

Division 4

 

s 49......................................

am No 93, 2017

s 50......................................

am No 93, 2017

Division 5

 

s 51......................................

am No 93, 2017

s 53......................................

rep No 34, 2017

Part 3

 

Division 2

 

Subdivision D

 

s 77......................................

am No 60, 2015

Division 3

 

Subdivision C

 

s 98......................................

am No 41, 2015

s 99......................................

am No 122, 2015

 

ed C1

Part 4

 

Division 2

 

s 110....................................

am No 93, 2017

s 112....................................

am No 93, 2017

Division 3

 

s 113....................................

am No 93, 2017

s 115....................................

am No 93, 2017

Chapter 3

 

Part 1

 

Division 4

 

s 124....................................

am No 58, 2021

s 125....................................

am No 58, 2021

s 126....................................

am No 58, 2021

s 127....................................

am No 58, 2021

s 128....................................

am No 58, 2021

s 129....................................

am No 58, 2021

s 130....................................

am No 58, 2021

Division 5

 

s 134....................................

am No 88, 2018

s 139....................................

am No 58, 2021

s 140....................................

am No 58, 2021

s 141....................................

am No 58, 2021

Part 3

 

Division 2

 

s 173....................................

am No 93, 2017

s 174....................................

am No 93, 2017; No 88, 2018

Division 3

 

s 177....................................

am No 67, 2016

Division 4

 

s 182....................................

am No 93, 2017

Division 5

 

s 185....................................

am No 58, 2021

s 186....................................

am No 58, 2021

s 187....................................

am No 58, 2021

Chapter 4

 

Part 2

 

Division 5

 

s 204A.................................

ad No 34, 2017

s 209....................................

am No 88, 2018

Part 3

 

Division 2

 

s 228....................................

am No 93, 2017

Division 3

 

s 234....................................

am No 93, 2017

Part 4

 

Division 1

 

s 235....................................

am No 34, 2017

Division 4

 

s 252A.................................

ad No 34, 2017

Part 5

 

Division 2

 

s 256....................................

am No 93, 2017

Chapter 5

 

Part 1

 

Division 2

 

s 260....................................

am No 34, 2017

s 261....................................

rs No 34, 2017

s 263A.................................

ad No 34, 2017

Part 2

 

Part 2 heading......................

rs No 34, 2017

Division 1

 

s 266....................................

am No 34, 2017

Division 2

 

s 267....................................

am No 34, 2017

s 268....................................

am No 34, 2017

Part 3

 

Division 1

 

s 269....................................

rs No 34, 2017

Division 2

 

s 270....................................

am No 34, 2017

Division 3

 

Subdivision A

 

s 271....................................

am No 34, 2017

Subdivision B

 

s 272....................................

am No 34, 2017

s 273....................................

am No 67, 2016; No 34, 2017

s 274....................................

rs No 34, 2017

Subdivision C

 

s 275....................................

am No 34, 2017

Division 4

 

s 276....................................

am No 34, 2017

Division 5

 

s 277....................................

am No 34, 2017

s 278....................................

am No 67, 2016; No 34, 2017

Division 6

 

s 278A.................................

ad No 34, 2017

s 279....................................

am No 34, 2017

s 280....................................

am No 67, 2016; No 34, 2017

Division 7

 

s 282....................................

am No 34, 2017

Division 8

 

s 283....................................

am No 34, 2017

s 284....................................

am No 34, 2017

Part 4

 

Division 1

 

s 285....................................

am No 34, 2017

Division 1A

 

Division 1A.........................

ad No 34, 2017

s 285A.................................

ad No 34, 2017

s 285B.................................

ad No 34, 2017

s 285C.................................

ad No 34, 2017

Division 2

 

s 286....................................

rs No 34, 2017

s 287....................................

am No 34, 2017

Division 3

 

s 288....................................

rs No 34, 2017

s 289....................................

rep No 34, 2017

s 290....................................

am No 34, 2017

Division 4

 

Division 4............................

ad No 34, 2017

s 290A.................................

ad No 34, 2017

Part 5

 

Division 1

 

s 291....................................

am No 34, 2017

Division 2

 

Division 2 heading...............

rs No 34, 2017

s 292....................................

am No 34, 2017

s 293....................................

am No 34, 2017

s 294....................................

am No 34, 2017

s 295....................................

am No 34, 2017

Division 3............................

rep No 34, 2017

s 296....................................

rep No 34, 2017

Part 6

 

Division 1

 

s 297....................................

rs No 34, 2017

Division 2

 

s 298....................................

am No 34, 2017

s 299A.................................

ad No 34, 2017

Part 7

 

Division 1

 

s 300....................................

am No 34, 2017

s 300A.................................

ad No 34, 2017

Division 2

 

Division 2 heading...............

rs No 34, 2017

s 300B.................................

ad No 34, 2017

s 300C.................................

ad No 34, 2017

s 300D.................................

ad No 34, 2017

s 301....................................

am No 34, 2017

Division 3

 

s 302....................................

am No 34, 2017

s 303....................................

am No 34, 2017

s 304A.................................

ad No 34, 2017

s 305....................................

am No 34, 2017

Part 8

 

s 308....................................

am No 34, 2017

s 308A.................................

ad No 34, 2017

Chapter 6

 

Part 1

 

s 311....................................

am No 88, 2018

Part 1A

 

Part 1A.................................

ad No 88, 2018

Division 1

 

s 312A.................................

ad No 88, 2018

Division 2

 

s 312B.................................

ad No 88, 2018

s 312C.................................

ad No 88, 2018

s 312D.................................

ad No 88, 2018

s 312E.................................

ad No 88, 2018

s 312F..................................

ad No 88, 2018

Part 5

 

Division 2

 

s 365....................................

am No 93, 2017

s 369....................................

am No 93, 2017

Part 6

 

Division 3

 

Subdivision A

 

s 384....................................

am No 93, 2017

s 388....................................

am No 93, 2017

Part 7

 

Division 2

 

s 395....................................

am No 93, 2017

s 397....................................

am No 93, 2017

s 398....................................

am No 93, 2017

Chapter 7

 

Part 6

 

Division 1

 

s 428....................................

am No 58, 2021

s 429....................................

am No 58, 2021

Part 7

 

Division 1

 

s 434....................................

am No 67, 2016

Chapter 8

 

Part 1

 

Division 2

 

s 443....................................

am No 93, 2017

s 444....................................

am No 93, 2017

Division 3

 

s 445....................................

am No 93, 2017

Division 5

 

s 465....................................

am No 88, 2018

Part 2

 

Division 2

 

s 475....................................

am No 93, 2017

s 476....................................

am No 93, 2017

s 477....................................

am No 93, 2017

Chapter 9

 

Part 3

 

Division 1

 

s 486....................................

am No 13, 2021

Part 7

 

Division 2

 

s 523....................................

am No 67, 2016; No 34, 2017

s 524....................................

am No 99, 2020

s 524A.................................

ad No 99, 2020

Part 10

 

Division 6

 

s 538....................................

am No 34, 2017

Chapter 10

 

Part 2

 

s 541A.................................

ad No 16, 2021

s 542....................................

am No 34, 2017; No 88, 2018; No 99, 2020; No 16, 2021

s 543....................................

am No 93, 2017

Part 3

 

s 544A.................................

ad No 22, 2020

Chapter 11

 

Part 1

 

Division 2

 

s 574....................................

am No 34, 2017

s 576....................................

am No 16, 2021

s 578....................................

am No 16, 2021

Part 2

 

Division 2

 

s 580....................................

am No 88, 2018

Part 3

 

Division 2

 

s 592....................................

am No 34, 2017

Part 4

 

Division 2

 

Subdivision B

 

s 618....................................

am No 93, 2017

Part 5

 

Division 4

 

s 635....................................

am No 34, 2017; No 88, 2018

s 639A.................................

ad No 33, 2021

s 641....................................

am No 67, 2016

 


 



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