Commonwealth Consolidated Acts

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COPYRIGHT ACT 1968 - SECT 21

Reproduction and copying of works and other subject-matter

             (1)  For the purposes of this Act, a literary, dramatic or musical work shall be deemed to have been reproduced in a material form if a sound recording or cinematograph film is made of the work, and any record embodying such a recording and any copy of such a film shall be deemed to be a reproduction of the work.

          (1A)  For the purposes of this Act, a work is taken to have been reproduced if it is converted into or from a digital or other electronic machine-readable form, and any article embodying the work in such a form is taken to be a reproduction of the work.

Note:          The reference to the conversion of a work into a digital or other electronic machine-readable form includes the first digitisation of the work.

             (2)  Subsections (1) and (1A) apply in relation to an adaptation of a work in the same way as they apply in relation to a work.

             (3)  For the purposes of this Act, an artistic work shall be deemed to have been reproduced:

                     (a)  in the case of a work in a two-dimensional form--if a version of the work is produced in a three-dimensional form; or

                     (b)  in the case of a work in a three-dimensional form--if a version of the work is produced in a two-dimensional form;

and the version of the work so produced shall be deemed to be a reproduction of the work.

             (4)  The last preceding subsection has effect subject to Division 7 of Part III.

             (5)  For the purposes of this Act, a computer program is taken to have been reproduced if:

                     (a)  an object code version of the program is derived from the program in source code by any process, including compilation; or

                     (b)  a source code version of the program is derived from the program in object code by any process, including decompilation;

and any such version is taken to be a reproduction of the program.

             (6)  For the purposes of this Act, a sound recording or cinematograph film is taken to have been copied if it is converted into or from a digital or other electronic machine-readable form, and any article embodying the recording or film in such a form is taken to be a copy of the recording or film.

Note:          The reference to the conversion of a sound recording or cinematograph film into a digital or other electronic machine-readable form includes the first digitisation of the recording or film.



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