11.1 Special problems faced by minority shareholders
There are remedies available to a shareholder of a company if:
• the affairs of the company are being conducted in a way that is unfair to that shareholder or to other shareholders of the company; or
• the affairs of the company are being conducted in a way that is against the interests of the company as a whole.
A Court may, for example, order the winding up of a company or the appointment of a receiver.
[sections 232-235, 461]
11.2 Buy--back of shares
A company may buy back the shares of a shareholder who wants to sever their relationship with the company.
11.3 Selling shares
A shareholder in a company who wants to sever their relationship with the company may decide to sell their shares. However, the shareholder may not be able to sell their shares readily--particularly if they want to sell their shares to someone who is not an existing shareholder. Some of the difficulties they may face in that case are:
• under the replaceable rules the directors have a discretion to refuse to transfer the shares; and
• restrictions in the company's constitution (if any) on transferring shares.
[sections 707, 1041H, 1091D-1091E]