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PLANT BREEDER'S RIGHTS ACT 1994 - NOTES

No. 110, 1994

Compilation No. 20

Compilation date:                              24 February 2019

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 77, 2018

Registered:                                         1 March 2019

 

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Plant Breeder's Rights Act 1994 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 24 February 2019 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Self-repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Part 1--Preliminary                                                                                                             1

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 1

3............ Definitions.......................................................................................... 1

4............ Definition of essentially derived.......................................................... 8

5............ Definition of breeding......................................................................... 8

6............ Genetic modification........................................................................... 9

8............ Approved persons............................................................................... 9

9............ Act to bind Crown.............................................................................. 9

9A......... Application of the Criminal Code....................................................... 9

9B......... Extension to Norfolk Island................................................................ 9

10.......... Extent of Act..................................................................................... 10

Part 2--Plant breeder's right                                                                                       11

11.......... General nature of PBR...................................................................... 11

12.......... Extension of PBR to cover essentially derived varieties.................... 11

13.......... Extension of PBR to cover certain dependent plant varieties............. 11

14.......... Extension of PBR to harvested material in certain circumstances...... 12

15.......... Extension of PBR to products obtained from harvested material in certain circumstances       12

16.......... Certain acts done for private, experimental or breeding purposes do not infringe PBR            13

17.......... Conditioning and use of farm saved seed does not infringe PBR..... 13

18.......... Restrictions on exercise of PBR in certain circumstances................. 14

19.......... Reasonable public access to plant varieties covered by PBR............. 15

20.......... PBR is personal property.................................................................. 17

21.......... Registrar must be notified of an assignment of PBR......................... 18

22.......... Duration of PBR............................................................................... 19

23.......... Exhaustion of PBR........................................................................... 20

Part 3--Application for plant breeder's right                                                    22

Division 1--The making of the application                                                     22

24.......... Right to apply for PBR..................................................................... 22

25.......... Right to apply for PBR is personal property..................................... 22

26.......... Form of application for PBR............................................................. 22

27.......... Names of new plant varieties............................................................ 24

28.......... Applications to be given priority dates.............................................. 26

29.......... Priority dates arising from foreign application.................................. 26

30.......... Acceptance or rejection of applications............................................. 27

31.......... Requests for variation of application................................................. 28

32.......... Notification of decisions on requests to vary application.................. 29

33.......... Withdrawal of application................................................................. 30

Division 2--Dealing with the application after its acceptance             31

34.......... Detailed description in support of application to be given to Registrar 31

35.......... Objection to application for PBR...................................................... 32

36.......... Inspection of applications and objections.......................................... 33

37.......... Test growing of plant varieties.......................................................... 34

38.......... Characteristics of plant varieties bred or test grown outside Australia 36

Division 3--Provisional protection                                                                     38

39.......... Provisional protection....................................................................... 38

Division 4--Essential derivation                                                                           40

40.......... Essential derivation for PBR-protected varieties--declaration.......... 40

41.......... Essential derivation for PBR-protected varieties--test growing........ 44

41A....... Essential derivation for non-PBR-protected second varieties--application for declaration       45

41B....... Essential derivation for non-PBR-protected varieties--publication of applications  47

41C....... Essential derivation for non-PBR-protected varieties--opportunity to be heard       48

41D....... Essential derivation for non-PBR-protected varieties--declaration... 50

41E........ Essential derivation for non-PBR-protected varieties--test growing 52

41F........ Essential derivation for non-PBR-protected varieties--application lodged for PBR in second variety     53

Part 4--The grant and revocation of Plant Breeder's Right                    56

Division 1--Grant of Plant Breeder's Right                                                  56

43.......... Registrable plant varieties.................................................................. 56

44.......... Grant of PBR.................................................................................... 58

45.......... Grant of PBR to be exclusive............................................................ 61

46.......... Grant of PBR to be entered on Register............................................ 61

47.......... Notice of grant of PBR..................................................................... 62

48.......... Effect of grant of PBR...................................................................... 62

49.......... PBR may be subject to conditions..................................................... 63

Division 2--Revocation of Plant Breeder's Right or declaration of essential derivation            64

50.......... Revocation of PBR........................................................................... 64

51.......... Entry of particulars of revocation...................................................... 66

52.......... Surrender of PBR............................................................................. 66

Part 5--Enforcement of Plant Breeder's Right                                                67

53.......... Infringement of PBR......................................................................... 67

54.......... Actions for infringement................................................................... 68

54A....... Counterclaims to actions for infringement......................................... 68

55.......... Declarations as to non-infringement.................................................. 69

56.......... Jurisdiction of the Federal Court....................................................... 70

56A....... Jurisdiction of Federal Circuit Court................................................. 71

57.......... Innocent infringement....................................................................... 72

57A....... Application for relief from unjustified threats................................... 72

57B....... Court's power to grant relief............................................................. 73

57C....... Counterclaim for infringement.......................................................... 73

57D....... Notification of PBR in a plant variety not a threat............................. 73

57E........ Liability of legal practitioner.............................................................. 74

Part 6--Administration                                                                                                    75

58.......... Registrar of Plant Breeder's Rights................................................... 75

59.......... Delegation......................................................................................... 75

60.......... Certain persons not to acquire PBR.................................................. 76

61.......... Register of Plant Varieties................................................................. 76

62.......... Inspection of Register....................................................................... 77

62A....... Registrar's power to rectify Register................................................. 77

Part 8--Miscellaneous                                                                                                       79

68.......... Public notices.................................................................................... 79

69.......... Notices inviting submissions in respect of certain regulations.......... 79

70.......... Genetic resource centres.................................................................... 80

71.......... The herbarium................................................................................... 80

72.......... Agents may act in matters relating to PBR........................................ 80

72A....... Notifications by Registrar under this Act or regulations................... 80

72B....... Manner in which documents may be lodged with or given to Registrar 81

72C....... Approved means of lodging or giving documents............................ 81

73.......... Service of documents........................................................................ 81

74.......... Infringement offences....................................................................... 82

75.......... Offences other than infringement offences........................................ 82

76.......... Conduct by directors, employees and agents..................................... 83

76A....... Doing act when PBR office reopens after end of period otherwise provided for doing act      84

76B....... Computerised decision-making......................................................... 85

77.......... Applications for review..................................................................... 86

78.......... Repeal............................................................................................... 88

79.......... Compensation for acquisition of property......................................... 88

80.......... Regulations....................................................................................... 89

80A....... Approved means of paying a fee....................................................... 90

Part 9--Transitional                                                                                                           92

81.......... Definitions........................................................................................ 92

82.......... Plant variety rights under old Act to be treated as PBR under this Act 92

83.......... Applications for plant variety rights lodged and criminal proceedings begun before commencing day    93

84.......... Other applications and proceedings under old Act............................ 93

86.......... Register of Plant Varieties................................................................. 93

Endnotes                                                                                                                                    94

Endnote 1--About the endnotes                                                                            94

Endnote 2--Abbreviation key                                                                                96

Endnote 3--Legislation history                                                                             97

Endnote 4--Amendment history                                                                         100

Endnote 5--Editorial changes                                                                             105


  

Endnotes

Endnote 1--About the endnotes

The endnotes provide information about this compilation and the compiled law.

The following endnotes are included in every compilation:

Endnote 1--About the endnotes

Endnote 2--Abbreviation key

Endnote 3--Legislation history

Endnote 4--Amendment history

Abbreviation key--Endnote 2

The abbreviation key sets out abbreviations that may be used in the endnotes.

Legislation history and amendment history--Endnotes 3 and 4

Amending laws are annotated in the legislation history and amendment history.

The legislation history in endnote 3 provides information about each law that has amended (or will amend) the compiled law. The information includes commencement details for amending laws and details of any application, saving or transitional provisions that are not included in this compilation.

The amendment history in endnote 4 provides information about amendments at the provision (generally section or equivalent) level. It also includes information about any provision of the compiled law that has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law.

Editorial changes

The Legislation Act 2003 authorises First Parliamentary Counsel to make editorial and presentational changes to a compiled law in preparing a compilation of the law for registration. The changes must not change the effect of the law. Editorial changes take effect from the compilation registration date.

If the compilation includes editorial changes, the endnotes include a brief outline of the changes in general terms. Full details of any changes can be obtained from the Office of Parliamentary Counsel.

Misdescribed amendments

A misdescribed amendment is an amendment that does not accurately describe the amendment to be made. If, despite the misdescription, the amendment can be given effect as intended, the amendment is incorporated into the compiled law and the abbreviation "(md)" added to the details of the amendment included in the amendment history.

If a misdescribed amendment cannot be given effect as intended, the abbreviation "(md not incorp)" is added to the details of the amendment included in the amendment history.

 

Endnote 2--Abbreviation key

 

ad = added or inserted

o = order(s)

am = amended

Ord = Ordinance

amdt = amendment

orig = original

c = clause(s)

par = paragraph(s)/subparagraph(s)

C[x] = Compilation No. x

    /sub-subparagraph(s)

Ch = Chapter(s)

pres = present

def = definition(s)

prev = previous

Dict = Dictionary

(prev ... ) = previously

disallowed = disallowed by Parliament

Pt = Part(s)

Div = Division(s)

r = regulation(s)/rule(s)

ed = editorial change

reloc = relocated

exp = expires/expired or ceases/ceased to have

renum = renumbered

    effect

rep = repealed

F = Federal Register of Legislation

rs = repealed and substituted

gaz = gazette

s = section(s)/subsection(s)

LA = Legislation Act 2003

Sch = Schedule(s)

LIA = Legislative Instruments Act 2003

Sdiv = Subdivision(s)

(md) = misdescribed amendment can be given

SLI = Select Legislative Instrument

    effect

SR = Statutory Rules

(md not incorp) = misdescribed amendment

Sub-Ch = Sub-Chapter(s)

    cannot be given effect

SubPt = Subpart(s)

mod = modified/modification

underlining = whole or part not

No. = Number(s)

    commenced or to be commenced

 

Endnote 3--Legislation history

 

Act

Number and year

Assent

Commencement

Application, saving and transitional provisions

Plant Breeder's Rights Act 1994

110, 1994

5 Sept 1994

10 Nov 1994 (s 2(1) and gaz 1994, No S392)

 

Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry Legislation Amendment Act (No. 1) 1999

4, 1999

31 Mar 1999

Sch 5: 31 Mar 1999 (s 2)

--

Public Employment (Consequential and Transitional) Amendment Act 1999

146, 1999

11 Nov 1999

Sch 1 (item 733): 5 Dec 1999 (s 2(1), (2) and gaz 1999, No S584)

--

Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry Legislation Amendment Act (No. 2) 1999

170, 1999

10 Dec 1999

Sch 1: 10 Dec 1999 (s 2(1))

Sch 1 (item 7)

Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry Legislation Amendment (Application of Criminal Code) Act 2001

115, 2001

18 Sept 2001

Sch 1 (items 244-247): 16 Oct 2001 (s 2)

s 4

Plant Breeder's Rights Amendment Act 2002

148, 2002

19 Dec 2002

20 Dec 2002 (s 2)

Sch 1 (items 39-45)

Intellectual Property Laws Amendment Act 2006

106, 2006

27 Sept 2006

Sch 11 (items 1, 2), Sch 14 and Sch 15 (items 2, 3): 28 Sept 2006 (s 2(1) items 11, 13)
Sch 12 (items 5-7): 27 Mar 2007 (s 2(1) item 12)

Sch 11 (item 2), Sch 14 (item 3) and Sch 15 (item 3)

Personal Property Securities (Consequential Amendments) Act 2009

131, 2009

14 Dec 2009

Sch 2 (items 16, 17): 30 Jan 2012  (s 2(1) item 1)

--

Crimes Legislation Amendment (Serious and Organised Crime) Act (No. 2) 2010

4, 2010

19 Feb 2010

Sch 11 (item 15): 20 Feb 2010 (s 2(1) item 13)

--

Statute Law Revision Act 2010

8, 2010

1 Mar 2010

Sch 1 (item 40) and Sch 5 (item 137(a)): 1 Mar 2010 (s 2(1) items 4, 38)

--

Statute Law Revision Act 2011

5, 2011

22 Mar 2011

Sch 1 (item 92): 22 Mar 2011 (s 2(1) item 2)

--

Intellectual Property Laws Amendment (Raising the Bar) Act 2012

35, 2012

15 Apr 2012

Sch 6 (items 104-108): 15 Apr 2013 (s 2(1) item 7)

--

Statute Law Revision Act (No. 1) 2015

5, 2015

25 Feb 2015

Sch 3 (items 147-151): 25 Mar 2015 (s 2(1) item 10)

--

Intellectual Property Laws Amendment Act 2015

8, 2015

25 Feb 2015

Sch 3: 25 Aug 2015 (s 2(1) item 4)
Sch 4 (items 59-67, 81-84): 24 Feb 2017 (s 2(1) item 5)

Sch 4 (item 81-84)

Biosecurity (Consequential Amendments and Transitional Provisions) Act 2015

62, 2015

16 June 2015

Sch 2 (items 47, 48) and Sch 4: 16 June 2016 (s 2(1) items 2, 4)
Sch 3: 16 June 2015 (s 2(1) item 3)

Sch 3 and Sch 4

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Statute Update (Winter 2017) Act 2017

93, 2017

23 Aug 2017

Sch 2 (item 9): 20 Sept 2017 (s 2(1) item 4)

--

Acts and Instruments (Framework Reform) (Consequential Provisions) Act 2015

126, 2015

10 Sept 2015

Sch 1 (item 674): 24 Feb 2017 (s 2(1) item 3)

--

Territories Legislation Amendment Act 2016

33, 2016

23 Mar 2016

Sch 5 (item 81): 1 July 2016 (s 2(1) item 7)

--

Statute Update (Smaller Government) Act 2018

4, 2018

20 Feb 2018

Sch 5: 21 Feb 2018 (s 2(1) item 1)

Sch 5 (item 8)

Intellectual Property Laws Amendment (Productivity Commission Response Part 1 and Other Measures) Act 2018

77, 2018

24 Aug 2018

Sch 1 (items 7-42) and Sch 2 (items 43-97, 112, 129-138, 152, 169-179, 201, 202, 209-217, 221-237, 243-299): 24 Feb 2019 (s 2(1) items 3, 6, 8, 10)
Sch 2 (items 164-167, 337-350, 352-354): 25 Aug 2018 (s 2(1) items 7, 11)

Sch 1 (item 42), Sch 2 (items 112, 152, 179, 209, 217, 223, 237, 299) and Sch 2 (item 350)

 

Endnote 4--Amendment history

 

Provision affected

How affected

Part 1

 

s 3........................................

am No 4, 1999; No 148, 2002; No 106, 2006; No 35, 2012; No 8, 2015; No 62, 2015; No 126, 2015; No 4, 2018; No 77, 2018

s 4........................................

am No 77, 2018

s 7........................................

rep No 106, 2006

s 8........................................

am No 77, 2018

s 9A.....................................

ad No 115, 2001

s 9B.....................................

ad No 33, 2016

s 10......................................

am No 77, 2018

Part 2

 

s 11......................................

am No 148, 2002

s 12......................................

rs No 77, 2018

s 18......................................

rs No 148, 2002

 

am No 77, 2018

s 19......................................

am No 8, 2015; No 77, 2018

s 20......................................

am No 131, 2009

s 21......................................

am No 170, 1999; No 8, 2015; No 77, 2018

s 22......................................

am No 77, 2018

s 23......................................

am No 148, 2002; No 77, 2018

Part 3

 

Division 1

 

s 24......................................

am No 77, 2018

s 25......................................

am No 131, 2009

s 26......................................

am No 148, 2002; No 8, 2015

 

ed C17

 

am No 77, 2018

 

ed C20

s 27......................................

am No 4, 1999; No 148, 2002

s 28......................................

am No 106, 2006; No 77, 2018

s 29......................................

am No 148, 2002; No 77, 2018

s 30......................................

am No 148, 2002; No 77, 2018

 

ed C20

s 31......................................

am No 8, 2015; No 77, 2018

s 32......................................

am No 77, 2018

s 33......................................

am No 77, 2018

Division 2

 

s 34......................................

am No 148, 2002; No 62, 2015; No 77, 2018

s 35......................................

am No 170, 1999; No 77, 2018

s 36......................................

am No 148, 2002; No 77, 2018

s 37......................................

am No 170, 1999; No 148, 2002; No 77, 2018

s 38......................................

am No 77, 2018

Division 3

 

s 39......................................

am No 148, 2002; No 8, 2015; No 77, 2018

Division 4

 

s 40......................................

am No 77, 2018

 

ed C20

s 41......................................

am No 77, 2018

 

ed C20

s 41A...................................

ad No 77, 2018

s 41B...................................

ad No 77, 2018

s 41C...................................

ad No 77, 2018

s 41D...................................

ad No 77, 2018

s 41E...................................

ad No 77, 2018

s 41F....................................

ad No 77, 2018

Part 4

 

Division 1

 

s 42......................................

rep No 77, 2018

s 43......................................

am No 170, 1999; No 148, 2002; No 35, 2012; No 77, 2018

s 44......................................

am No 77, 2018

s 45......................................

am No 77, 2018

s 46......................................

am No 77, 2018

s 47......................................

am No 77, 2018

s 48......................................

am No 148, 2002; No 77, 2018

s 49......................................

am No 148, 2002; No 4, 2018; No 77, 2018

Division 2

 

s 50......................................

am No 170, 1999; No 148, 2002; No 8, 2015; No 77, 2018

s 51......................................

am No 5, 2011; No 77, 2018

s 52......................................

am No 77, 2018

Part 5

 

s 53......................................

am No 4, 1999; No 148, 2002; No 77, 2018

s 54......................................

am No 148, 2002; No 8, 2015; No 77, 2018

s 54A...................................

ad No 77, 2018

s 55......................................

am No 8, 2015; No 77, 2018

s 56......................................

am No 8, 2015; No 77, 2018

s 56A...................................

ad No 8, 2015

 

am No 77, 2018

s 57......................................

am No 8, 2015

s 57A...................................

ad No 77, 2018

s 57B...................................

ad No 77, 2018

s 57C...................................

ad No 77, 2018

s 57D...................................

ad No 77, 2018

s 57E...................................

ad No 77, 2018

Part 6

 

s 58......................................

am No 77, 2018

s 59......................................

am No 146, 1999

 

rs No 106, 2006

 

am No 77, 2018

s 60......................................

am No 77, 2018

s 61......................................

am No 4, 1999; No 170, 1999; No 8, 2010; No 77, 2018

s 62......................................

am No 4, 1999

s 62A...................................

ad No 77, 2018

Part 7...................................

rep No 4, 2018

s 63......................................

am No 148, 2002

 

rep No 4, 2018

s 64......................................

am No 148, 2002

 

rep No 4, 2018

s 65......................................

am No 148, 2002

 

rep No 4, 2018

s 66......................................

rep No 4, 2018

s 67......................................

am No 148, 2002

 

rep No 4, 2018

Part 8

 

s 68......................................

am No 77, 2018

s 69......................................

am No 4, 2018; No 77, 2018

s 70......................................

am No 77, 2018

s 71......................................

am No 77, 2018

s 72......................................

am No 8, 2015

s 72A...................................

ad No 77, 2018

s 72B...................................

ad No 77, 2018

s 72C...................................

ad No 77, 2018

s 73......................................

rs No 8, 2015

 

am No 77, 2018

s 74......................................

am No 115, 2001

s 75......................................

am No 115, 2001; No 77, 2018

s 76......................................

am No 4, 2010; No 5, 2015

s 76A...................................

ad No 106, 2006

s 76B...................................

ad No 77, 2018

s 77......................................

am No 148, 2002; No 77, 2018

 

ed C20

s 80......................................

am No 170, 1999; No 77, 2018

s 80A...................................

ad No 77, 2018

Part 9

 

s 85......................................

rep No 4, 2018

Schedule..............................

am No 148, 2002; No 8, 2010

 

rep No 35, 2012

 

Endnote 5--Editorial changes

In preparing this compilation for registration, the following kinds of editorial change(s) were made under the Legislation Act 2003.

 

Kind of editorial change

 

Change to typeface

 

Details of editorial change

 

This compilation was editorially changed to update all occurrences of the italicised words prima facie to regular font.


 



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