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CUSTOMS (PROHIBITED EXPORTS) REGULATIONS (AMENDMENT) 1992 NO. 155EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
STATUTORY RULES 1992 No. 155
Issued by the Authority of the Minister for Small Business, Construction and Customs
Customs Act 1901
Customs (Prohibited Exports) Regulations (Amendment)
Section 112 of the Customs Act 1901 provides in part that:
"1) The Governor-General may, by regulation, prohibit the exportation of goods into Australia.
2) The power conferred by subsection (1) may be exercised (c) by prohibiting the exportation of goods unless specified conditions or restrictions are complied with.
3) Without limiting the generality of paragraph (2)(c), the Regulations - ...(a) may provide that the exportation of the goods is prohibited unless a licence, permission, consent or approval to export the goods or a class of goods in which the goods are included has been granted as prescribed by the regulations; and..."
The Customs (Prohibited Exports) Regulations (the Regulations) control the exportation of the goods specified in the various Regulations or the Schedules to the Regulations, by prohibiting exportation absolutely, or making exportation subject to the permission of a Minister of State or a specified person.
The Regulations give effect to the United Nations (U.N.) Security Council Resolution 757 of 30 May 1992, concerning a total trade embargo an exports to Serbia (referred to officially as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)).
This sanctions regime, and the imports sanctions regime in the Customs (Prohibited Imports) Regulations prohibition, are similar to the total trade embargoes previously enacted for Iraq following its invasion of Kuwait, as follows:
a) the sanctions regime is to apply to the exportation of all goods from Australia the immediate or final destination of which is, or is intended to be, Serbia.
• Serbia is to be officially described as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro);
b) the exportation of goods from Australia is to be prohibited unless the permission in writing of the Minister of State for Foreign Affairs and Trade, or an authorised person (being a person in that Minister's Department) is obtained, and that permission is produced to a Collector,
• in line with the Iraq sanctions, in granting any permission the Minister or authorised person must have regard to the terms of the UN Security Council Resolution (which, for example, permits trade for humanitarian purposes ie. food and medicine);
c) the sanctions are to commence on Gazettal.