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COMMONWEALTH PLACES (MIRROR TAXES) AMENDMENT REGULATIONS 2008 (NO. 1) (SLI NO 214 OF 2008)
Issued by authority of the Treasurer
Commonwealth Places (Mirror Taxes) Act 1998
Commonwealth Places (Mirror Taxes) Amendment Regulations 2008 (No. 1)
Subsection 25(1) of the Commonwealth Places (Mirror Taxes) Act 1998 (the Act) provides that the Governor-General may make regulations prescribing matters required or permitted by the Act to be prescribed, or necessary or convenient to be prescribed for carrying out or giving effect to the Act.
The Regulations update references to State tax legislation so that the relevant Western Australian tax laws can operate in respect of Commonwealth places.
The Act provides a framework for the imposition of taxes, which mirror certain State taxes, on businesses operating in Commonwealth places in the States. Examples of Commonwealth places are Commonwealth airports and post offices. The revenue is collected by the States on behalf of the Commonwealth and appropriated back to the States. The Act was enacted in response to the High Court decision in Allders International Pty Ltd v Commissioner of State Revenue (Victoria) (1996) 186 CLR 630, in which the High Court held that the imposition of stamp duty on a lease covering part of a Commonwealth place was invalid because the Commonwealth has the exclusive power to make laws with respect to Commonwealth places (paragraph 52(i) of the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900). The decision meant that other State taxes may similarly be invalid in relation to Commonwealth places.
The relevant State taxes are listed in Schedule 1 of the Act and may also be prescribed by the Commonwealth Places (Mirror Taxes) Regulations 2000 (the Principal Regulations).
The State tax laws, which the Act and the Principal Regulations apply, have remained the same in substance. However, the references to certain State legislation have been updated to reflect recent revisions to that legislation.
The Regulations ensure the continued operation of the existing scheme and, therefore, should not increase compliance costs for taxpayers or administration costs for the States. The new version of the Western Australian tax legislation which is prescribed is the Duties Act 2008.
Taxpayers operating in Commonwealth places in the relevant States have not been consulted on the changes as the Regulations do not substantially alter existing arrangements. In such circumstances, paragraph 18(2)(a) of the
Legislative Instruments Act 2003 provides an exception to the need for consultation with affected persons in the making of regulations.
The Act specifies no conditions that need to be satisfied before the power to make the Regulations may be exercised.
The Regulations are taken to have commenced on 1 July 2008.
The Regulations are retrospective, reflecting the date on which the Western Australian State legislation was enacted. This ensures that the current version of the State legislation is applied under the Act. Subsection 25(2) of the Act provides an exemption to the prohibition on retrospective regulations in subsection 12(2) of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.