(1) If the injury for which compensation is payable under this Act was caused under circumstances creating a liability in some person other than the worker's employer to pay damages in respect of the injury, the following provisions have effect:(a) the worker may take proceedings both against that person to recover damages and against any person liable to pay compensation under this Act for payment of that compensation, but is not entitled to retain both damages and compensation,(b) if the worker recovers firstly compensation and secondly those damages, the worker is liable to repay out of those damages the amount of compensation which a person has paid in respect of the worker's injury under this Act, and the worker is not entitled to any further compensation,Note : See also section 151N of this Act and section 10 of the Law Reform (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1965 in relation to the application of other laws concerning contributory negligence.(c) if the worker firstly recovers those damages the worker is not entitled to recover compensation under this Act,(d) if the worker has recovered compensation under this Act, the person by whom the compensation was paid is entitled to be indemnified by the person so liable to pay those damages (being an indemnity limited to the amount of those damages),(e) if any payment is made under the indemnity and, at the time of the payment, the worker has not obtained judgment for damages against the person paying under the indemnity, the payment is, to the extent of its amount, a defence to proceedings by the worker against that person for damages,(e1) if any payment is made under the indemnity and, at the time of the payment, the worker has obtained judgment for damages against the person paying under the indemnity (but judgment has not been satisfied), the payment, to the extent of its amount, satisfies the judgment,(f) all questions relating to matters arising under this section are, in default of agreement, to be settled by action or, with the consent of the parties, by the Commission.
(1A) In the application of subsection (1) (b) in relation to a worker who recovers motor accident damages to which Part 4 of the Motor Accident Injuries Act 2017 applies in respect of an injury:(a) the liability of the worker to repay the amount of compensation already paid does not include any amount of compensation already paid under Division 3 (Compensation for medical, hospital and rehabilitation expenses etc) of Part 3 of this Act in respect of the injury concerned, and(b) the liability of the worker to repay the amount of any permanent impairment compensation and pain and suffering compensation already paid is limited to the amount of any damages recovered for non-economic loss.
(1B) Any amount that is excluded under subsection (1A) from the amount that a worker is liable to repay out of damages is excluded from the indemnity to which a person is entitled under subsection (1) (d).
(2) If, in respect of an injury to a worker for which compensation is payable under this Act:(a) the worker takes or is entitled to take proceedings independently of this Act to recover damages from a person other than the worker's employer, and(b) the worker also takes or is entitled to take proceedings independently of this Act to recover damages from that employer,the following provisions have effect:(c) the damages that may be recovered from the person by the worker in proceedings referred to in paragraph (a) are to be reduced by the amount by which the contribution which the person would (but for this Part) be entitled to recover from the employer as a joint tortfeasor or otherwise exceeds the amount of the contribution recoverable,(d) the amount of the contribution that the person is entitled to recover from the employer as a joint tortfeasor or otherwise is to be determined as if the whole of the damages were assessed in accordance with provisions of Division 3 as to the award of damages,(e) if the worker does not take proceedings against that employer or does not accept satisfaction of the judgment against that employer, subsection (1) applies as if the worker had not been entitled to recover damages from that employer, except that:(i) if the compensation paid by that employer exceeds the amount of the contribution that could be recovered from that employer as a joint tortfeasor or otherwise--the indemnity referred to in subsection (1) (d) is for the amount of the excess only, and(ii) if the compensation paid by that employer does not exceed the amount of that contribution--subsection (1) (d) does not apply and the employer has, to the extent of the compensation so paid, a defence to an action for such a contribution.
(3) This section applies to proceedings taken independently of this Act by a person to whom compensation is payable under this Act in respect of the death of a worker as a result of an injury.
(4) If a worker is liable under subsection (1) (b) to repay any money out of damages recovered by the worker, the worker is not liable to repay the money out of any damages payable after the date of recovery by way of periodic or other payments for loss of future earnings or earning capacity or for future expenses.
(5) For the avoidance of doubt, this section applies and is taken always to have applied to the recovery of compensation or damages, whether or not the compensation or damages were paid under an award or judgment. For example, compensation or damages may be paid under an agreement.