(cf SCR Part 53, rules 2, 3, 4 and 5; DCR Part 40, rule 1; LCR Part 31, rule 11A, Part 31A, rule 11)
(1) If, in any proceedings, it appears to the court on the application of a defendant--(a) that a plaintiff is ordinarily resident outside Australia, or(b) that the address of a plaintiff is not stated or is mis-stated in his or her originating process, and there is reason to believe that the failure to state an address or the mis-statement of the address was made with intention to deceive, or(c) that, after the commencement of the proceedings, a plaintiff has changed his or her address, and there is reason to believe that the change was made by the plaintiff with a view to avoiding the consequences of the proceedings, or(d) that there is reason to believe that a plaintiff, being a corporation, will be unable to pay the costs of the defendant if ordered to do so, or(e) that a plaintiff is suing, not for his or her own benefit, but for the benefit of some other person and there is reason to believe that the plaintiff will be unable to pay the costs of the defendant if ordered to do so, or(f) that there is reason to believe that the plaintiff has divested assets with the intention of avoiding the consequences of the proceedings,the court may order the plaintiff to give such security as the court thinks fit, in such manner as the court directs, for the defendant's costs of the proceedings and that the proceedings be stayed until the security is given.
(1A) In determining whether it is appropriate to make an order that a plaintiff referred to in subrule (1) give security for costs, the court may have regard to the following matters and such other matters as it considers relevant--(a) the prospects of success or merits of the proceedings,(b) the genuineness of the proceedings,(c) the impecuniosity of the plaintiff,(d) whether the plaintiff's impecuniosity is attributable to the defendant's conduct,(e) whether the plaintiff is effectively in the position of a defendant,(f) whether an order for security for costs would stifle the proceedings,(g) whether the proceedings involves a matter of public importance,(h) whether there has been an admission or payment in court,(i) whether delay by the plaintiff in commencing the proceedings has prejudiced the defendant,(j) the costs of the proceedings,(k) whether the security sought is proportionate to the importance and complexity of the subject matter in dispute,(l) the timing of the application for security for costs,(m) whether an order for costs made against the plaintiff would be enforceable within Australia,(n) the ease and convenience or otherwise of enforcing a New South Wales court judgment or order in the country of a non-resident plaintiff.
(1B) If the plaintiff is a natural person, an order for security for costs cannot be made merely on account of his or her impecuniosity.
(2) Security for costs is to be given in such manner, at such time and on such terms (if any) as the court may by order direct.
(3) If the plaintiff fails to comply with an order under this rule, the court may order that the proceeding on the plaintiff's claim for relief in the proceedings be dismissed.
(4) This rule does not affect the provisions of any Act under which the court may require security for costs to be given.