Victorian Current Acts

[Index] [Table] [Search] [Search this Act] [Notes] [Noteup] [Download] [Help]

BAIL ACT 1977 - NOTES

Version No. 141

No. 9008 of 1977
Version incorporating amendments as at
3 September 2018

ÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ

Version No. 141

Bail Act 1977

No. 9008 of 1977
Version incorporating amendments as at
3 September 2018

Endnotes

    1     General information

See www.legislation.vic.gov.au for Victorian Bills, Acts and current Versions of legislation and up-to-date legislative information.

The Bail Act 1977 was assented to on 10 May 1977 and came into operation on 1 September 1977: Government Gazette 17 August 1977 page 2654.

INTERPRETATION OF LEGISLATION ACT 1984 (ILA)

Style changes

Section 54A of the ILA authorises the making of the style changes set out in Schedule 1 to that Act.

References to ILA s. 39B

Sidenotes which cite ILA s. 39B refer to section 39B of the ILA which provides that where an undivided section or clause of a Schedule is amended by the insertion of one or more subsections or subclauses, the original section or clause becomes subsection or subclause (1) and is amended by the insertion of the expression "(1)" at the beginning of the original section or clause.

Interpretation

As from 1 January 2001, amendments to section 36 of the ILA have the following effects:

•     Headings

All headings included in an Act which is passed on or after 1 January 2001 form part of that Act. Any heading inserted in an Act which was passed before 1 January 2001, by an Act passed on or after 1 January 2001, forms part of that Act. This includes headings to Parts, Divisions or Subdivisions in a Schedule; sections; clauses; items; tables; columns; examples; diagrams; notes or forms. See section 36(1A)(2A).

•     Examples, diagrams or notes

All examples, diagrams or notes included in an Act which is passed on or after 1 January 2001 form part of that Act. Any examples, diagrams or notes inserted in an Act which was passed before 1 January 2001, by an Act passed on or after 1 January 2001, form part of that Act. See section 36(3A).

•     Punctuation

All punctuation included in an Act which is passed on or after 1 January 2001 forms part of that Act. Any punctuation inserted in an Act which was passed before 1 January 2001, by an Act passed on or after 1 January 2001, forms part of that Act. See section 36(3B).

•     Provision numbers

All provision numbers included in an Act form part of that Act, whether inserted in the Act before, on or after 1 January 2001. Provision numbers include section numbers, subsection numbers, paragraphs and subparagraphs. See section 36(3C).

•     Location of "legislative items"

A "legislative item" is a penalty, an example or a note. As from 13 October 2004, a legislative item relating to a provision of an Act is taken to be at the foot of that provision even if it is preceded or followed by another legislative item that relates to that provision. For example, if a penalty at the foot of a provision is followed by a note, both of these legislative items will be regarded as being at the foot of that provision. See section 36B.

•     Other material

Any explanatory memorandum, table of provisions, endnotes, index and other material printed after the Endnotes does not form part of an Act.
See section 36(3)(3D)(3E).

    2     Table of Amendments

This publication incorporates amendments made to the Bail Act 1977 by Acts and subordinate instruments.

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

Statute Law Revision Act 1977, No. 9059/1977

Assent Date:

29.11.77

Commencement Date:

29.11.77: subject to s. 2

Current State:

All of Act in operation

Age of Majority Act 1977, No. 9075/1977

Assent Date:

6.12.77

Commencement Date:

1.2.78: Government Gazette 11.1.78 p. 97

Current State:

All of Act in operation

Bail (Amendment) Act 1978, No. 9158/1978

Assent Date:

30.5.78

Commencement Date:

1.10.78: Government Gazette 6.9.78 p. 2869

Current State:

All of Act in operation

Statute Law Revision Act 1980, No. 9427/1980

Assent Date:

27.5.80

Commencement Date:

27.5.80: subject to s. 6(2)

Current State:

All of Act in operation

Penalties and Sentences Act 1981, No. 9554/1981

Assent Date:

19.5.81

Commencement Date:

S. 44 on 26.9.80: s. 1(3); ss 1, 36–46 on 3.6.81: Government Gazette 3.6.81 p. 1778; rest of Act on 1.9.81: Government Gazette 26.8.81 p. 2799

Current State:

All of Act in operation

Bail (Amendment) Act 1981, No. 9690/1981

Assent Date:

5.1.82

Commencement Date:

5.1.82

Current State:

All of Act in operation

Director of Public Prosecutions Act 1982, No. 9848/1982

Assent Date:

21.12.82

Commencement Date:

Ss 1–8, 17 on 12.1.83: Government Gazette 12.1.83 p. 80; rest of Act on 1.6.83: Government Gazette 11.5.83 p. 1146

Current State:

All of Act in operation

Statute Law Revision (Repeals) Act 1982, No. 9863/1982

Assent Date:

5.1.83

Commencement Date:

5.1.83

Current State:

All of Act in operation

Statute Law Revision Act 1983, No. 9902/1983

Assent Date:

15.6.83

Commencement Date:

15.6.83: subject to s. 2(2)

Current State:

All of Act in operation

Drugs, Poisons and Controlled Substances (Amendment) Act 1983, No. 10002/1983

Assent Date:

13.12.83

Commencement Date:

18.12.83: Government Gazette 14.12.83 p. 3954

Current State:

All of Act in operation

Crimes (General Amendment) Act 1984, No. 10084/1984

Assent Date:

22.5.84

Commencement Date:

1.7.84: Government Gazette 27.6.84 p. 2119

Current State:

All of Act in operation

Statute Law Revision Act 1984, No. 10087/1984

Assent Date:

22.5.84

Commencement Date:

22.5.84: subject to s. 3(2)

Current State:

All of Act in operation

Coroners Act 1985, No. 10257/1985

Assent Date:

10.12.85

Commencement Date:

Ss 1–3, Pt 9 on 12.2.86: Government Gazette 12.2.86 p. 382; rest of Act on 1.6.86: Government Gazette 30.4.86 p. 1115

Current State:

All of Act in operation

Courts Amendment Act 1986, No. 16/1986

Assent Date:

22.4.86

Commencement Date:

Ss 1–11, 13–27, 29–34 on 1.7.86: Government Gazette 25.6.86 p. 2180; s. 28 on 1.9.86: Government Gazette 27.8.86 p. 3201; s. 12 on 1.1.88: Government Gazette 7.10.87 p. 2701

Current State:

All of Act in operation

Bail (Amendment) Act 1986, No. 89/1986

Assent Date:

16.2.86

Commencement Date:

Pts 1, 2 on 15.2.87: Government Gazette 11.2.87 p. 291; Pt 3 on 3.8.87: Government Gazette 24.6.87 p. 1600

Current State:

All of Act in operation

Community Services Act 1987, No. 16/1987

Assent Date:

12.5.87

Commencement Date:

Ss 1–6, 9–13, Sch. 1 on 22.2.89: Government Gazette 22.2.89 p. 386; Sch. 2 items 1–13 on 15.3.89: Government Gazette 15.3.89 p. 587; rest of Act on 25.6.92: Government Gazette 24.6.92 p. 1532

Current State:

All of Act in operation

County Court (Amendment) Act 1989, No. 19/1989

Assent Date:

16.5.89

Commencement Date:

16.5.89: Government Gazette 26.7.89 p. 1858

Current State:

All of Act in operation

Magistrates' Court Act 1989, No. 51/1989

Assent Date:

14.6.89

Commencement Date:

S. 16(4) on 15.6.89: Special Gazette (No. 32) 15.6.89 p. 1; ss 16(5), 52, 141(3)(a)–(f) on 1.9.89: Government Gazette 30.8.89 p. 2210; rest of Act on 1.1.90: Government Gazette 25.7.90 p. 2216

Current State:

All of Act in operation

Children and Young Persons Act 1989, No. 56/1989

Assent Date:

14.6.89

Commencement Date:

S. 286 on 31.1.91: Special Gazette (No. 9) 31.1.91 p. 2; Sch. 2 item 2.1 on 23.9.91: Government Gazette 28.8.91 p. 2368; Sch. 2 items 2.2 and 2.3 on 30.9.92: Government Gazette 26.8.92 p. 2470

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Magistrates' Court (Consequential Amendments) Act 1989, No. 57/1989

Assent Date:

14.6.89

Commencement Date:

S. 4(1)(a)–(e)(2) on 1.9.89: Government Gazette 30.8.89 p. 2210; rest of Act on 1.9.90: Government Gazette 25.7.90 p. 2217

Current State:

All of Act in operation

Medical Practice Act 1994, No. 23/1994

Assent Date:

17.5.94

Commencement Date:

Ss 1, 2 on 17.5.94; rest of Act on 1.7.94: Government Gazette 23.6.94 p. 1672

Current State:

All of Act in operation

Crimes (Amendment) Act 1994, No. 95/1994

Assent Date:

13.12.94

Commencement Date:

Pt 1 (ss 1, 2) on 13.12.94; ss 3–10 on 23.1.95: Government Gazette 19.1.95 p. 121; rest of Act on 13.6.95: s. 2(3)

Current State:

All of Act in operation

Legal Practice Act 1996, No. 35/1996

Assent Date:

6.11.96

Commencement Date:

S. 453(Sch. 1 items 8.1–8.3) on 1.1.97: s. 2(3)

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Sentencing and Other Acts (Amendment) Act 1997, No. 48/1997

Assent Date:

11.6.97

Commencement Date:

Ss 48, 49 on 1.9.97: s. 2(2)

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Law and Justice Legislation (Further Amendment) Act 1997, No. 84/1997

Assent Date:

2.12.97

Commencement Date:

Ss 3–10 on 1.1.98: s. 2(2)

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Bail (Amendment) Act 1998, No. 64/1998

Assent Date:

4.11.98

Commencement Date:

1.1.99: s. 2

Current State:

All of Act in operation

Statute Law Amendment (Authorised Deposit-taking Institutions) Act 2001, No. 11/2001

Assent Date:

8.5.01

Commencement Date:

S. 3(Sch. item 5) on 1.6.01: s. 2(2)

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Drugs, Poisons and Controlled Substances (Amendment) Act 2001, No. 61/2001

Assent Date:

23.10.01

Commencement Date:

S. 13 on 1.1.02: s. 2(2)

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Criminal Justice Legislation (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2002, No. 35/2002

Assent Date:

18.6.02

Commencement Date:

Ss 25(1), 28(Sch. item 1) on 19.6.02: s. 2(1)

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Crimes (Property Damage and Computer Offences) Act 2003, No. 10/2003

Assent Date:

6.5.03

Commencement Date:

Ss 10, 11 on 7.5.03: s. 2

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Justice Legislation (Sexual Offences and Bail) Act 2004, No. 20/2004

Assent Date:

18.5.04

Commencement Date:

Ss 10–12 on 19.5.04: s. 2

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Legal Profession (Consequential Amendments) Act 2005, No. 18/2005

Assent Date:

24.5.05

Commencement Date:

S. 18(Sch. 1 item 9) on 12.12.05: Government Gazette 1.12.05 p. 2781

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Children and Young Persons (Miscellaneous Amendments) 2005, No. 21/2005

Assent Date:

31.5.05

Commencement Date:

S. 60 on 1.7.05: s. 2(6)

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Road Safety and Other Acts (Vehicle Impoundment and Other Amendments) Act 2005, No. 93/2005

Assent Date:

29.11.05

Commencement Date:

S. 13 on 30.11.05: s. 2(1)

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Health Professions Registration Act 2005, No. 97/2005

Assent Date:

7.12.05

Commencement Date:

S. 182(Sch. 4 item 4) on 1.7.07: s. 2(3)

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Infringements (Consequential and Other Amendments) Act 2006, No. 32/2006

Assent Date:

13.6.06

Commencement Date:

S. 91 on 1.7.06: Government Gazette 29.6.06 p. 1315

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Children, Youth and Families (Consequential and Other Amendments) Act 2006, No. 48/2006

Assent Date:

15.8.06

Commencement Date:

S. 42(Sch. item 4) on 23.4.07: s. 2(3)

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Family Violence Protection Act 2008, No. 52/2008

Assent Date:

23.9.08

Commencement Date:

S. 233 on 8.12.08: Special Gazette (No. 339) 4.12.08 p. 1

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Stalking Intervention Orders Act 2008, No. 68/2008

Assent Date:

18.11.08

Commencement Date:

S. 63 on 8.12.08: Special Gazette (No. 339) 4.12.08 p. 1

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Criminal Procedure Amendment (Consequential and Transitional Provisions) Act 2009, No. 68/2009

Assent Date:

24.11.09

Commencement Date:

S. 97(Sch. item 11) on 1.1.10: Government Gazette 10.12.09 p. 3215

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Statute Law Amendment (Evidence Consequential Provisions) Act 2009, No. 69/2009

Assent Date:

24.11.09

Commencement Date:

S. 54(Sch. Pt 1 item 4), (Sch. Pt 2 item 6) on 1.1.10: s. 2(2)

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Statute Law Amendment (National Health Practitioner Regulation) Act 2010, No. 13/2010

Assent Date:

30.3.10

Commencement Date:

S. 51(Sch. item 7) on 1.7.10: s. 2(2)

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Personal Safety Intervention Orders Act 2010, No. 53/2010

Assent Date:

7.9.10

Commencement Date:

S. 221(Sch. item 1) on 5.9.11: Special Gazette (No. 271) 23.8.11 p. 1

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Bail Amendment Act 2010, No. 70/2010

Assent Date:

19.10.10

Commencement Date:

Ss 3–26 on 1.1.11: s. 2(3)

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Justice Legislation Amendment (Protective Services Officers) Act 2011, No. 43/2011

Assent Date:

6.9.11

Commencement Date:

S. 6 on 28.11.11: Special Gazette (No. 379) 22.11.11 p. 1

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Justice Legislation Amendment (Family Violence and Other Matters) Act 2012, No. 83/2012

Assent Date:

18.12.12

Commencement Date:

S. 31(1) on 17.4.13: Special Gazette (No. 141) 16.4.13 p. 2

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Bail Amendment Act 2013, No. 44/2013

Assent Date:

27.8.13

Commencement Date:

20.12.13: Special Gazette (No. 419) 26.11.13 p. 1

Current State:

All of Act in operation

Legal Profession Uniform Law Application Act 2014, No. 17/2014

Assent Date:

25.3.14

Commencement Date:

S. 160(Sch. 2 item 10) on 1.7.15: Special Gazette (No. 151) 16.6.15 p. 1

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Honorary Justices Act 2014, No. 32/2014

Assent Date:

13.5.14

Commencement Date:

S. 56 on 1.9.14: s. 2(2)

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Victoria Police Amendment (Consequential and Other Matters) Act 2014, No. 37/2014

Assent Date:

3.6.14

Commencement Date:

S. 10(Sch. item 8) on 1.7.14: Special Gazette (No. 200) 24.6.14 p. 2

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Fines Reform Act 2014, No. 47/2014 (as amended by No. 59/2017)

Assent Date:

1.7.14

Commencement Date:

Ss 250, 251 on 31.12.17: Special Gazette (No. 443) 19.12.17 p. 1

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Crimes Amendment (Abolition of Defensive Homicide) Act 2014, No. 63/2014

Assent Date:

9.9.14

Commencement Date:

S. 7(1)(2) on 1.11.14: Special Gazette (No. 350) 7.10.14 p. 1

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Serious Sex Offenders (Detention and Supervision) and Other Acts Amendment Act, No. 52/2015

Assent Date:

13.10.15

Commencement Date:

Ss 40, 41 on 14.10.15: s. 2(1)

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Bail Amendment Act 2016, No. 1/2016

Assent Date:

16.2.16

Commencement Date:

Ss 3–17 on 2.5.16: Special Gazette (No. 103) 19.4.16 p. 1

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Crimes Amendment (Carjacking and Home Invasion) Act 2016, No. 50/2016

Assent Date:

18.10.16

Commencement Date:

S. 7 on 7.12.16: Special Gazette (No. 375) 6.12.16 p. 1

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Sentencing (Community Correction Order) and Other Acts Amendment Act 2016, No. 65/2016

Assent Date:

15.11.16

Commencement Date:

Ss 18, 19 on 20.3.17: Special Gazette (No. 17) 31.1.17 p. 1

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Bail Amendment (Stage One) Act 2017, No. 26/2017

Assent Date:

27.6.17

Commencement Date:

Ss 3–10, 12–14(9), 14(11)–16 on 21.5.18: Special Gazette (No. 218) 15.5.18 p. 1, ss 11, 14(10) on 1.7.18: s. 2(2)

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Children and Justice Legislation Amendment (Youth Justice Reform) Act 2017, No. 43/2017

Assent Date:

26.9.17

Commencement Date:

S. 37 on 26.2.18: Special Gazette (No. 406) 28.11.17 p. 1; s. 38 on 5.4.18: Special Gazette (No. 136) 27.3.18 p. 1

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Justice Legislation Amendment (Protective Services Officers and Other Matters) Act 2017, No. 45/2017

Assent Date:

26.9.17

Commencement Date:

S. 50 on 1.4.18: Special Gazette (No. 136) 27.3.18 p. 3

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Corrections Legislation Further Amendment Act 2017, No. 64/2017

Assent Date:

19.12.17

Commencement Date:

S. 28 on 20.12.17: s. 2(1)

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Crimes Legislation Amendment (Protection of Emergency Workers and Others) Act 2017, No. 65/2017

Assent Date:

19.12.17

Commencement Date:

S. 20 on 5.4.18: Special Gazette (No. 136) 27.3.18 p. 1; ss 21, 22 on 21.5.18: Special Gazette (No. 218) 15.5.18 p. 1

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Bail Amendment (Stage Two) Act 2018, No. 3/2018

Assent Date:

27.2.18

Commencement Date:

S. 28 on 5.4.18: Special Gazette (No. 136) 27.3.18 p. 1, ss 3–24 on 1.7.18: Special Gazette (No. 218) 15.5.18 p. 1

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Serious Offenders Act 2018, No. 27/2018

Assent Date:

26.6.18

Commencement Date:

S. 352 on 3.9.18: Special Gazette (No. 356) 31.7.18 p. 1

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

    3     Amendments Not in Operation

This publication does not include amendments made to the Bail Act 1977 by the following Act/s.

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Oaths and Affirmations Act 2018, No. 6/2018

Assent Date:

27.2.18

Commencement Date:

S. 68(Sch. 2 item 13) not yet proclaimed

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

Justice Legislation Amendment (Terrorism) Act 2018, No. 32/2018

Assent Date:

7.8.18

Commencement Date:

Ss 80–99 on 1.10.18: s. 2(2)

Current State:

This information relates only to the provision/s amending the Bail Act 1977

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

At the date of this publication, the following provisions amending the Bail Act 1977 were Not in Operation:

Amending Act/s:

Oaths and Affirmations Act 2018, No. 6/2018

Schedule 2—Further consequential amendments

        13     Bail Act 1977

    13.1     In section 8(1)(a), after "oath" insert "or by affirmation".

    13.2     In section 9(3B)(b)—

        (a)     for subparagraph (i) substitute

    "(i)     the affidavit of the surety sworn or affirmed before an authorised affidavit taker within the meaning of the Oaths and Affirmations Act 2018; and";

        (b)     in subparagraph (ii), after "sworn" insert "or affirmed".

    13.3     In section 9(3D), after "sworn" (where twice occurring) insert "or affirmed".

    13.4     Section 9(4) is repealed.

    13.5     In section 9(5)(a)—

        (a)     after "oath" insert "or affirmation";

        (b)     for "necessary; or" substitute "necessary.".

    13.6     Section 9(5)(b) is repealed.

    13.7     In section 9(6)—

        (a)     after "sworn" insert "or affirmed";

        (b)     omit "or made a declaration of justification".

    13.8     In section 18A(3) omit "or declaration".

——

Justice Legislation Amendment (Terrorism) Act 2018, No. 32/2018

        80     Definitions

    (1)     In section 3 of the Bail Act 1977 insert the following definitions—

""terrorism or foreign incursion offence" means an offence against—

        (a)     section 4B of the Terrorism (Community Protection) Act 2003; or

        (b)     a provision of another State or a Territory that corresponds to section 4B of the Terrorism (Community Protection) Act 2003; or

        (c)     a provision of Subdivision A of Division 72 of Chapter 4 of the Criminal Code of the Commonwealth; or

        (d)     a provision of Part 5.3 or 5.5 of the Criminal Code of the Commonwealth; or

        (e)     a provision of the Crimes (Foreign Incursions and Recruitment) Act 1978 of the Commonwealth as in force before its repeal;

"terrorism record"—see section 3AAB;

"terrorism-related order" means—

        (a)     a control order within the meaning of Part 5.3 of the Criminal Code of the Commonwealth; or

        (b)     a continuing detention order within the meaning of Division 105A of Part 5.3 of the Criminal Code of the Commonwealth; or

        (c)     an interim detention order within the meaning of Division 105A of Part 5.3 of the Criminal Code of the Commonwealth; or

        (d)     a preventative detention order within the meaning of Part 2A of the Terrorism (Community Protection) Act 2003; or

        (e)     a prohibited contact order within the meaning of Part 2A of the Terrorism (Community Protection) Act 2003; or

        (f)     an order made under a corresponding preventative detention law within the meaning of Part 2A of the Terrorism (Community Protection) Act 2003;

"terrorism risk information"—see section 3AAC;".

    (2)     In section 3 of the Bail Act 1977, for the definition of terrorist organisation substitute

""terrorist organisation" has the same meaning as in Division 102 of the Criminal Code of the Commonwealth;".

        81     Surrounding circumstances

    (1)     For section 3AAA(m) of the Bail Act 1977 substitute

    "(m)     whether the accused has expressed support for—

              (i)     the doing of a terrorist act; or

              (ii)     a terrorist organisation; or

              (iii)     the provision of resources to a terrorist organisation;

        (n)     subject to subsection (2), whether the accused has, or has had, an association with—

              (i)     another person or a group that has expressed support of the kind referred to in paragraph (m); or

              (ii)     another person or a group that is directly or indirectly engaged in, preparing for, planning, assisting in or fostering the doing of a terrorist act; or

              (iii)     a terrorist organisation.".

    (2)     At the end of section 3AAA of the Bail Act 1977 insert

    "(2)     A bail decision maker must not take into account the accused having, or having had, an association referred to in subsection (1)(n)(i), (ii) or (iii) unless the bail decision maker is satisfied that the accused knew—

        (a)     that the person or group had expressed support for—

              (i)     the doing of a terrorist act; or

              (ii)     a terrorist organisation; or

              (iii)     the provision of resources to a terrorist organisation; or

        (b)     that the person or group was directly or indirectly engaged in, preparing for, planning, assisting in or fostering the doing of a terrorist act; or

        (c)     that the group was a terrorist organisation.".

        82     New sections 3AAB and 3AAC inserted

After section 3AA of the Bail Act 1977 insert

"3AAB     Meaning of terrorism record

For the purposes of this Act, a person has a terrorism record if the person—

        (a)     has been convicted of a terrorism or foreign incursion offence; or

        (b)     is or has been subject to a terrorism-related order.

    3AAC     Meaning of terrorism risk information

    (1)     For the purposes of this Act, "terrorism risk information" in respect of a person means—

        (a)     an assessment made by an entity specified in subsection (2) that there is a risk that the person will commit a terrorism or foreign incursion offence; and

        (b)     the information relied on in making that assessment.

    (2)     The specified entities are—

        (a)     the Australian Crime Commission (by whatever name described) established by the Australian Crime Commission Act 2002 of the Commonwealth; and

        (b)     Victoria Police; and

        (c)     the Australian Federal Police; and

        (d)     the Australian Security and Intelligence Organisation; and

        (e)     the Department of Justice and Regulation; and

        (f)     the police force or police service of another State or a Territory; and

        (g)     the Department of Home Affairs of the Commonwealth; and

        (h)     each prescribed entity.

    (3)     Without limiting subsection (1)(b), the information referred to in that provision may include—

        (a)     information regarding the person having expressed support for—

              (i)     the doing of a terrorist act; or

              (ii)     a terrorist organisation; or

              (iii)     the provision of resources to a terrorist organisation; or

        (b)     information regarding the person having, or having had, an association with—

              (i)     another person or a group that has expressed support of the kind referred to in paragraph (a); or

              (ii)     another person or a group that is directly or indirectly engaged in, preparing for, planning, assisting in or fostering the doing of a terrorist act; or

              (iii)     a terrorist organisation.

Note

Section 8AA(4) prevents a court from having regard to information referred to in paragraph (b) unless the court is satisfied that the person knew certain matters about the person or group that the association is with. See also section 3AAA(2).".

        83     Section 3D substituted

For section 3D of the Bail Act 1977 substitute

        "3D     Flow charts

    (1)     A flow chart in this section illustrates the key features of the decision making process to which it relates. It is intended only as a guide to the reader.

    (2)     Flow Chart 1 shows the process for determining which tests are to be applied in deciding whether to grant bail to a person.

251658240P:\Visio artwork\Terrorism 2018\Bail Flow chart 1 2018_AmendedPrint_new.png

    (3)     Flow Chart 2 shows the process for applying the step 1—exceptional circumstances test and then the step 2—unacceptable risk test.

251658240P:\Visio artwork\Terrorism 2018\Bail Flow chart 2(b) 2018_AmendedPrint_new.png

    (4)     Flow Chart 3 shows the process for applying the step 1—show compelling reason test and then the step 2—unacceptable risk test.

251658240P:\Visio artwork\Terrorism 2018\Bail Flow chart 3(b) 2018_AmendedPrint_new.png

    (5)     Flow Chart 4 shows the process for applying the unacceptable risk test alone.

251658240C:\Users\james\Desktop\Bail Flow chart 4(b)  2018.png".

        84     New section 4AA inserted

After section 4 of the Bail Act 1977 insert

        "4AA     When 2 step tests apply

    (1)     The step 1—exceptional circumstances test applies to a decision of whether to grant bail to a person accused of a Schedule 1 offence.

    (2)     The step 1—exceptional circumstances test also applies to a decision of whether to grant bail to a person accused of a Schedule 2 offence if—

        (a)     the person has a terrorism record; or

        (b)     the court considering whether to grant bail determines under section 8AA that there is a risk that the person will commit a terrorism or foreign incursion offence; or

        (c)     the offence is alleged to have been committed—

              (i)     while the accused was on bail for any Schedule 1 offence or Schedule 2 offence; or

              (ii)     while the accused was subject to a summons to answer to a charge for any Schedule 1 offence or Schedule 2 offence; or

              (iii)     while the accused was at large awaiting trial for any Schedule 1 offence or Schedule 2 offence; or

              (iv)     during the period of a community correction order made in respect of the accused for any Schedule 1 offence or Schedule 2 offence; or

              (v)     while the accused was otherwise serving a sentence for any Schedule 1 offence or Schedule 2 offence; or

              (vi)     while the accused was released under a parole order made in respect of any Schedule 1 offence or Schedule 2 offence; or

        (d)     the offence is an offence of conspiracy to commit, incitement to commit or attempting to commit an offence in a circumstance set out in paragraph (c).

    (3)     The step 1—show compelling reason test applies to a decision of whether to grant bail to a person accused of a Schedule 2 offence if subsection (2) does not apply.

    (4)     The step 1—show compelling reason test also applies to a decision of whether to grant bail to a person accused of an offence that is neither a Schedule 1 offence nor a Schedule 2 offence if—

        (a)     the person has a terrorism record; or

        (b)     the court considering whether to grant bail determines under section 8AA that there is a risk that the person will commit a terrorism or foreign incursion offence.

        1.     Note

2.     Section 4E sets out the unacceptable risk test. In circumstances where a step 1 test applies, section 4D provides that the unacceptable risk test will apply as a step 2 test. However, under section 4E, the unacceptable risk test applies even in circumstances where no step 1 test applies.".

        85     Step 1—exceptional circumstances test

    (1)     In the heading to section 4A of the Bail Act 1977, for "Schedule 1 offences—step" substitute "Step".

    (2)     For section 4A(1) of the Bail Act 1977 substitute

    "(1)     This section applies if, under section 4AA(1) or (2), the step 1—exceptional circumstances test applies to a decision of whether to grant bail.

    (1A)     The bail decision maker must refuse bail unless satisfied that exceptional circumstances exist that justify the grant of bail.".

        86     Section 4B repealed

Section 4B of the Bail Act 1977 is repealed.

        87     Step 1—show compelling reason test

    (1)     In the heading to section 4C of the Bail Act 1977, for "Schedule 2 offences—step" substitute "Step".

    (2)     For section 4C(1) of the Bail Act 1977 substitute

    "(1)     This section applies if, under section 4AA(3) or (4), the step 1—show compelling reason test applies to a decision of whether to grant bail.

    (1A)     The bail decision maker must refuse bail unless satisfied that a compelling reason exists that justifies the grant of bail.".

        88     Step 2—unacceptable risk test

    (1)     In the heading to section 4D of the Bail Act 1977, for "Schedule 2 offences—step" substitute "Step".

    (2)     For section 4D(1) of the Bail Act 1977 substitute

    "(1)     A bail decision maker must apply the unacceptable risk test if—

        (a)     at step 1 (section 4A) the bail decision maker is satisfied that exceptional circumstances exist that justify the grant of bail for a person; or

        (b)     at step 1 (section 4C) the bail decision maker is satisfied that a compelling reason exists that justifies the grant of bail for a person.".

        89     New section 8AA inserted

After section 8 of the Bail Act 1977 insert

        "8AA     Court to make preliminary determination if terrorism risk alleged

    (1)     This section applies if—

        (a)     a court is considering whether to grant bail to a person who is accused of an offence (other than a person arrested on an enforcement warrant issued under the Fines Reform Act 2014); and

        (b)     the step 1—exceptional circumstances test does not apply to that decision by operation of section 4AA(2)(a), (c) or (d); and

        (c)     the prosecutor

              (i)     states that the prosecutor has terrorism risk information in respect of the accused; and

              (ii)     alleges that this information shows that there is a risk that the accused will commit a terrorism or foreign incursion offence.

Notes

1     If a prosecutor makes such an allegation before a bail decision maker other than a court, that bail decision maker cannot grant bail. See sections 10(5AA) and 10A(5AA).

2     See section 4AA(1) and (2) for when the step 1—exceptional circumstances test applies.

    (2)     Before determining whether to grant bail, the court must determine whether there is a risk that the accused will commit a terrorism or foreign incursion offence.

Note

If the court determines that there is such a risk, a different step 1 test applies to the decision of whether to grant bail. See section 4AA(2)(b) and (4)(b).

    (3)     For the purposes of subsection (2), but subject to subsection (4), the court must have regard to any terrorism risk information provided to the court.

    (4)     The court must not have regard to terrorism risk information regarding the accused having, or having had, an association referred to in section 3AAA(1)(n)(i),(ii) or (iii) unless the court is satisfied that the accused knew—

        (a)     that the person or group had expressed support for—

              (i)     the doing of a terrorist act; or

              (ii)     a terrorist organisation; or

              (iii)     the provision of resources to a terrorist organisation; or

        (b)     that the person or group was directly or indirectly engaged in, preparing for, planning, assisting in or fostering the doing of a terrorist act; or

        (c)     that the group was a terrorist organisation.

    (5)     Nothing in this section prevents the court from considering, under section 4E, whether there is an unacceptable risk an accused would, if released on bail, commit a terrorism or foreign incursion offence.".

        90     Power of police officer, sheriff or authorised person to grant or refuse bail

    (1)     For the Notes at the foot of section 10(5) of the Bail Act 1977 substitute

"Note

Sections 13, 13AA and 13A specify circumstances in which only a court may grant bail. These circumstances relate to—

    •     certain instances in which the step 1—exceptional circumstances test applies;

    •     certain terrorism or foreign incursion offences;

    •     accused persons who have a terrorism record;

    •     persons accused of certain Schedule 2 offences who are already on 2 or more undertakings of bail in relation to other indictable offences.".

    (2)     After section 10(5) of the Bail Act 1977 insert

    "(5AA)     The bail decision maker is prohibited from granting bail if the prosecutor—

        (a)     states that the prosecutor has terrorism risk information in respect of the accused; and

        (b)     alleges that this information shows that there is a risk that the accused will commit a terrorism or foreign incursion offence.".

    (3)     In section 10(5A) of the Bail Act 1977

        (a)     after "prohibited by" insert "subsection (5AA) or";

        (b)     for "section 13" substitute "section 13, 13AA".

        91     Power of bail justice to grant or refuse bail

    (1)     For the Notes at the foot of section 10A(5) of the Bail Act 1977 substitute

"Note

Sections 13, 13AA and 13A specify circumstances in which only a court may grant bail. These circumstances relate to—

    •     certain instances in which the step 1—exceptional circumstances test applies;

    •     certain terrorism or foreign incursion offences;

    •     accused persons who have a terrorism record;

    •     persons accused of certain Schedule 2 offences who are already on 2 or more undertakings of bail in relation to other indictable offences.".

    (2)     After section 10A(5) of the Bail Act 1977 insert

    "(5AA)     The bail justice is prohibited from granting bail if the prosecutor—

        (a)     states that the prosecutor has terrorism risk information in respect of the accused; and

        (b)     alleges that this information shows that there is a risk that the accused will commit a terrorism or foreign incursion offence.

    (5AAB)     If the bail justice is prohibited by subsection (5AA) or section 13, 13AA or 13A from granting bail to the person, the bail justice must refuse to consider whether to grant or refuse bail.

Note

Section 10B requires that the informant must bring the person before a court as soon as practicable.".

        92     New section 10B inserted

After section 10A of the Bail Act 1977 insert

"10B     Informant must bring person to court if bail justice prohibited from granting bail

    (1)     This section applies if a bail justice is prohibited by section 10A(5AA), 13, 13AA or 13A from granting bail to a person.

Note

Section 10A(5AAB) requires that the bail justice must refuse to consider whether to grant or refuse bail in these circumstances.

    (2)     The informant must cause the person to be brought before a court as soon as practicable.".

        93     Power of court to grant or refuse bail

    (1)     In section 12(1) of the Bail Act 1977, for "10A(6)" substitute "10A(5AAB) or (6)".

    (2)     For the Note at the foot of section 12(3) of the Bail Act 1977 substitute

"Note

Section 13(1) and (2) set out circumstances in which only the Supreme Court, or a court on committing a person to trial for murder, may grant bail.".

    (3)     For section 12(3A) of the Bail Act 1977 substitute

    "(3A)     A court that grants bail for a person accused of an offence must record on the remand warrant, file or other papers—

        (a)     consent to the person being bailed; and

        (b)     the amount of any surety or sureties; and

        (c)     any conditions of bail.".

        94     Section 12A substituted

For section 12A of the Bail Act 1977 substitute

        "12A     When bail decision maker must state reasons for granting bail

    (1)     This section applies if a bail decision maker grants bail in circumstances where, under section 4AA—

        (a)     the step 1—exceptional circumstances test applies; or

        (b)     the step 1—show compelling reason test applies.

    (2)     If the bail decision maker is a court, the court must include in the order granting bail a statement of reasons for granting bail.

    (3)     Otherwise, the bail decision maker must record and transmit a statement of reasons as required by the regulations.".

        95     Treason, murder, certain other offences

    (1)     For the heading to section 13 of the Bail Act 1977 substitute

"Treason, murder, certain other offences".

    (2)     For section 13(3), (4) and (5) of the Bail Act 1977 substitute

    "(3)     Subject to subsection (4), only a court may grant bail to a person accused of any other offence to which the step 1—exceptional circumstances test applies under section 4AA(1) or (2).

    (4)     Subsection (3) does not apply if the step 1—exceptional circumstances test applies only because of section 4AA(2)(c) or (d) and—

        (a)     the accused person is a child, a vulnerable adult or an Aboriginal person; or

        (b)     the offence to which section 4AA(2)(c) or (d) relates is—

              (i)     an offence that is referred to in item 1 or 30 of Schedule 2 (and not referred to in any other item of Schedule 2); or

              (ii)     an offence of conspiracy to commit, incitement to commit, or attempting to commit an offence referred to in subparagraph (i).

    (5)     Only a court may grant bail to a person accused of an offence against—

        (a)     a provision of Subdivision A of Division 72 of Chapter 4 of the Criminal Code of the Commonwealth; or

        (b)     a provision of Part 5.3 or 5.5 of the Criminal Code of the Commonwealth.

Note

Section 15AA of the Crimes Act 1914 of the Commonwealth contains restrictions on the granting of bail for certain Commonwealth offences.".

    (3)     Section 13(6) of the Bail Act 1977 is repealed.

        96     New section 13AA inserted

After section 13 of the Bail Act 1977 insert

        "13AA     Accused with terrorism record

Only a court may grant bail to a person who has a terrorism record, irrespective of the offence of which the person is accused.".

        97     Schedule 1 amended

    (1)     In the heading to Schedule 1 to the Bail Act 1977, for "Offences—exceptional circumstances" substitute "Schedule 1 offences".

    (2)     After the heading to Schedule 1 to the Bail Act 1977 insert

"Notes

1     Under section 4AA(1), a person who is accused of an offence in this Schedule will be subject to the exceptional circumstances test.

2     However, section 4AA(2) provides that, in certain circumstances, a person who is accused of an offence in Schedule 2 will also be subject to the exceptional circumstances test, and not the show compelling reason test.".

    (3)     In Schedule 1 to the Bail Act 1977, item 3 is repealed.

        98     Schedule 2 amended

    (1)     In the heading to Schedule 2 to the Bail Act 1977, for "Offences—show compelling reason" substitute "Schedule 2 offences".

    (2)     After the heading to Schedule 2 to the Bail Act 1977 insert

"Note

Section 4AA(2) and (3) set out whether a person who is accused of an offence in this Schedule will be subject to the exceptional circumstances test or the show compelling reason test.".

        99     Transitional provisions

At the end of section 34 of the Bail Act 1977 insert

    "(20)     An amendment made to this Act by a provision of Part 3 of the Justice Legislation Amendment (Terrorism) Act 2018 applies to an application made, or an appeal commenced, under this Act on or after the commencement of that provision, regardless of when the offence is alleged to have been committed.".

    4     Explanatory details


[1] S. 4:

S. 4 amended by Nos 9158 s. 2, 9690 s. 2, 10002 s. 8(3), 10084 s. 18(1)(a), 10087 s. 3(1)(Sch. 1 item 4), 16/1986 s. 30, 89/1986 s. 4(c)–(e), 16/1987 s. 12(Sch. 2 item 3(a)), 19/1989 s. 16(Sch. item 7.2), 51/1989 s. 142(c)(d), 57/1989 s. 4(1)(a)(b), 95/1994 s. 7, 48/1997 s. 48, 84/1997 s. 4, 64/1998 s. 5, 61/2001 s. 13(1)(2), 35/2002 s. 28(Sch. item 1), 10/2003 s. 10, 20/2004 s. 10, 93/2005 s. 13, 52/2008 s. 233, 68/2008 s. 63, 68/2009 s. 97(Sch. item 11.1), 53/2010 s. 221(Sch. item 1), 70/2010 s. 7, 83/2012 s. 31(1), 63/2014 s. 7(1)(2), 52/2015 s. 40, 1/2016 ss  4, 5, 7, 50/2016 s. 7, 26/2017 ss  5, 16(2), 65/2017 s. 20, substituted by No. 3/2018 s. 7.

[2] S. 5(3): The amendments proposed by section 286(Sch. 2 item 2.3) of the Children and Young Persons Act 1989, No. 56/1989 are not included in this publication because section 5(3) was repealed by the Community Services Act 1987, No. 16/1987.



AustLII: Copyright Policy | Disclaimers | Privacy Policy | Feedback