(1) The Authority may—
(a) make, approve or grant special arrangements for students with special educational needs in consequence of chronic illness, impairment or personal circumstances for the conduct of assessments and examinations referred to in section 2.5.3(2)(d) and (e) including the modification of the requirements and rules for the conduct of assessments and examinations as and to the extent that the Authority considers appropriate;
(b) make, approve or grant special provision (including applying an alternative basis of assessment) for students unable because of illness, trauma, misadventure, impairment, personal circumstances or other serious cause to undertake an assessment or examination including treating the student as having undertaken the examination or other form of assessment, as and to the extent the Authority considers appropriate;
(c) make, approve or grant special provision (including applying an alternative basis of assessment) for students affected by examination or assessment irregularities which occur at or about examination or assessment centres or in respect of assessments or examinations which materially interrupt or are likely to adversely affect a student's performance at an assessment or examination or the proper assessment of that performance and which are outside the student's control, as and to the extent the Authority considers appropriate.
(2) In exercising functions and powers under subsection (1) the Authority may—
(a) conclude that a student undertaking an accredited course was seriously affected by illness, trauma, misadventure, personal circumstances or other serious cause (including examination or assessment irregularities) from undertaking an assessment or examination or was seriously affected in the student's performance in that assessment or examination; and
(b) determine that the student is to be treated, for the purposes of this Act, as having obtained in the examination or other form of assessment a standard or result determined by the Authority.
(3) In determining a standard or result for the purposes of subsection (2)(a) or (b), the Authority may have regard to any evidence that is available to it relating to the student's participation in the accredited course of study to which the examination or other form of assessment related.
(4) For the purposes of this section, the Authority may require a student to—
(a) apply to the Authority within the time and in the manner required by the Authority; and
(b) provide any evidence or information requested by the Authority to consider the application.