Victorian Current Acts

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EVIDENCE (MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS) ACT 1958 - SECT 32D

Restriction on granting leave

S. 32D(1) amended by No. 2/2006 s. 30(1)(a).

    (1)     A court must not grant leave to compel the production of, to produce or to adduce protected evidence unless it is satisfied, on the balance of probabilities, that—

S. 32D(1)(a) substituted by No. 2/2006 s. 30(1)(b).

        (a)     the evidence will, either by itself or having regard to other evidence produced or adduced or to be produced or adduced by the party seeking leave, have substantial probative value to a fact in issue; and

        (b)     other evidence of similar or greater probative value concerning the matters to which the protected evidence relates is not available; and

        (c)     the public interest in preserving the confidentiality of confidential communications and protecting a protected confider from harm is substantially outweighed by the public interest in admitting, into evidence, evidence of substantial probative value.

S. 32D(2) substituted by No. 2/2006 s. 30(2).

    (2)     Without limiting the matters that the court may take into account for the purposes of subsection (1)(c), the court must take into account—

        (a)     the likelihood, and the nature or extent, of harm that would be caused to the protected confider if the protected evidence is produced or adduced;

        (b)     the extent to which the protected evidence is necessary to allow the accused to make a full defence;

        (c)     the need to encourage victims of sexual offences to seek counselling and the extent to which victims may be discouraged to do so, or the extent to which the effectiveness of counselling may be diminished, if the protected evidence were produced or adduced;

        (d)     whether the party seeking to compel the production of or to produce or adduce the protected evidence is doing so on the basis of a discriminatory belief or bias;

        (e)     whether the protected confider objects to the disclosure of the protected evidence;

        (f)     the nature and extent of the reasonable expectation of confidentiality and the potential prejudice to the privacy of any person.

S. 32D(3) amended by No. 2/2006 s. 30(3)(a)(b).

    (3)     A court may grant leave to compel the production of, or to produce or adduce, part of—

        (a)     a confidential communication; or

        (b)     the contents of a document recording a confidential communication—

and, if so, that part of the document may be made available, or that part of its contents disclosed, in any manner that the court thinks fit to the party seeking to compel its production or to produce or adduce it in evidence.

    (4)     The court must state its reasons for giving or refusing to give leave under this section.

    (5)     If leave is refused under this section, that fact must not be referred to in the presence of the jury, if any.

S. 32E inserted by No. 21/1998
s. 4.



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