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SENTENCING ACT 1991 - SECT 3

Definitions

    (1)     In this Act—

S. 3(1) def. of accredited agency inserted by No. 57/1998 s. 26(3).

"accredited agency" means a person or body approved under the Road Safety Act 1986 as an accredited agency;

"Adult Parole Board" means Adult Parole Board established by section 61 of the Corrections Act 1986 ;

S. 3(1) def. of alcohol exclusion condition inserted by No. 65/2011 s. 3(1).

"alcohol exclusion condition" means a condition that may be attached to a community correction order under section 48J(1);

S. 3(1) def. of alcoholic repealed by No. 43/2010 s. 48(1)(a).

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 3(1) def. of approved drug and alcohol assessment agency inserted by No. 48/1997 s. 25(1), amended by Nos 46/2008 s. 287(a), 65/2011 s. 3(2).

"approved drug and alcohol assessment agency" means a person or body approved under section 8I by the Secretary to the Department of Health for the purposes of Division 1B of Part 3;

S. 3(1) def. of approved mental health service inserted by No. 98/1995 s. 64(1)(a), repealed by No. 26/2014 s. 429(1)(a)).

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 3(1) def. of authorised person inserted by No. 30/2010 s. 3(a), substituted by No. 65/2011 s. 3(3).

"authorised person" means a person appointed by the Secretary under section 115E;

S. 3(1) def. of authorised psychiatrist substituted by No. 26/2014 s. 429(1)(b)).

"authorised psychiatrist" has the same meaning as in the Mental Health Act 2014 ;

S. 3(1) def. of baseline offence inserted by No. 52/2014 s. 3, repealed by No. 34/2017 s. 3.

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 3(1) def. of baseline sentence inserted by No. 52/2014 s. 3, repealed by No. 34/2017 s. 3.

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 3(1) def. of bond condition inserted by No. 65/2011 s. 55.

"bond condition" means a condition that may be attached to a community correction order under section 48JA(1);

S. 3(1) def. of Category A serious youth offence inserted by No. 43/2017 s. 20, amended by Nos 32/2018 s. 133, 16/2020 s. 23(a).

"Category A serious youth offence" means any of the following offences—

        (a)     murder;

        (b)     attempted murder;

        (c)     manslaughter;

        (d)     child homicide;

        (da)     homicide by firearm;

        (e)     an offence against any of the following sections of the Crimes Act 1958

              (i)     section 15A (intentionally causing serious injury in circumstances of gross violence);

              (ii)         section 77B (aggravated home invasion);

              (iii)     section 79A (aggravated carjacking);

              (iv)     section 197A (arson causing death);

              (v)     section 318 (culpable driving causing death);

        (f)     an offence against any one of the following—

              (i)     section 4B of the Terrorism (Community Protection) Act 2003 ;

              (ii)     a provision of Subdivision A of Division 72 of Chapter 4
of the Criminal Code of the Commonwealth;

              (iii)     a provision of Part 5.3 or 5.5 of the Criminal Code of the Commonwealth;

              (iv)     a provision of the Crimes (Foreign Incursions and Recruitment) Act 1978 of the Commonwealth as in force before its repeal;

S. 3(1) def. of Category B serious youth offence inserted by No. 43/2017 s. 20.

"Category B serious youth offence" means an offence against any of the following sections of the Crimes Act 1958

        (a)     section 15B (recklessly causing serious injury in circumstances of gross violence);

        (b)     section 38 (rape);

        (c)     section 39 (rape by compelling sexual penetration);

        (d)         section 77A (home invasion);

        (e)     section 79 (carjacking);

S. 3(1) def. of category 1 offence inserted by No. 65/2016 s. 3, amended by Nos 65/2016 s. 23, 48/2018 s. 73, 3/2019 s. 21(1).

category 1 offence means any of the following offences committed by a person who is 18 years of age or more at the time of the commission of the offence—

        (a)     murder;

        (b)     an offence against section 15A(1) of the  Crimes Act 1958 (causing serious injury intentionally in circumstances of gross violence);

        (c)     an offence against section 15B(1) of the  Crimes Act 1958 (causing serious injury recklessly in circumstances of gross violence);

        (ca)     an offence against section 16 of the Crimes Act 1958 (causing serious injury intentionally) if—

              (i)     the victim was an emergency worker on duty, a custodial officer on duty or a youth justice custodial worker on duty within the meaning of section 10AA(8), (9), (10) and (11); and

              (ii)     the offender knew or was reckless as to whether the victim was a person referred to in subparagraph (i);

        (cb)     an offence against section 17 of the Crimes Act 1958 (causing serious injury recklessly) if—

              (i)     the victim was an emergency worker on duty, a custodial officer on duty or a youth justice custodial worker on duty within the meaning of section 10AA(8), (9), (10) and (11); and

              (ii)     the offender knew or was reckless as to whether the victim was a person referred to in subparagraph (i);

        (cc)     an offence against section 18 of the Crimes Act 1958 (causing injury intentionally or recklessly) if—

              (i)     the victim was an emergency worker on duty, a custodial officer on duty or a youth justice custodial worker on duty within the meaning of section 10AA(8), (9), (10) and (11); and

              (ii)     the offender knew or was reckless as to whether the victim was a person referred to in subparagraph (i);

        (d)     an offence against section 38(1) of the Crimes Act 1958 (rape);

        (e)     an offence against section 39(1) of the Crimes Act 1958 (rape by compelling sexual penetration);

        (f)     an offence against section 49A(1) of the Crimes Act 1958 (sexual penetration of a child under the age of 12);

        (g)     an offence against section 49J(1) of the Crimes Act 1958 (persistent sexual abuse of a child under the age of 16);

        (h)     an offence against section 50C(1) of the Crimes Act 1958 (sexual penetration of a child or lineal descendant) if the victim was, at the time of the offence, under the age of 18;

              (i)     an offence against section 50D(1) of the Crimes Act 1958 (sexual penetration of a step-child) if the victim was, at the time of the offence, under the age of 18;

        (ia)     an offence against section 77B(2) of the  Crimes Act 1958 (aggravated home invasion);

        (ib)     an offence against section 79A(2) of the  Crimes Act 1958 (aggravated carjacking);

        (ic)     an offence against section 317AC of the  Crimes Act 1958 (intentionally exposing an emergency worker, a custodial officer or a youth justice custodial worker to risk by driving) if, in the commission of the offence, an emergency worker on duty, a custodial officer on duty or a youth justice custodial worker on duty within the meaning of section 317AB is injured;

        (id)     an offence against section 317AD of the Crimes Act 1958 (aggravated offence of intentionally exposing an emergency worker, a custodial officer or a youth justice custodial worker to risk by driving) if, in the commission of the offence, an emergency worker on duty, a custodial officer on duty or a youth justice custodial worker on duty within the meaning of section 317AB is injured;

        (j)     an offence against section 71(1) of the Drugs, Poisons and Controlled Substances Act 1981 (trafficking in a drug or drugs of dependence—large commercial quantity);

        (ja)     an offence against section 71AA(2) of the Drugs, Poisons and Controlled Substances Act 1981 (trafficking in a drug or drugs of dependence for the benefit of or at the direction of a criminal organisation—commercial quantity);

        (k)     an offence against section 72 of the Drugs, Poisons and Controlled Substances Act 1981 (cultivation of narcotic plants—large commercial quantity);

        (l)     an offence against any of the following provisions of the Crimes Act 1958 as in force before their repeal by section 16 of the Crimes Amendment (Sexual Offences) Act 2016

              (i)     section 44(1) (incest with the person's child, other lineal descendant or step-child) if the victim was, at the time of the offence, under the age of 18;

              (ii)     section 44(2) (incest with a child, other lineal descendant or step-child under the age of 18 of the person's de facto spouse);

              (iii)     section 45(1) (sexual penetration of child under the age of 16) committed in the circumstance of aggravation described in section 45(2)(a) of the Crimes Act 1958 as then in force;

              (iv)     section 47A(1) (persistent sexual abuse of child under the age of 16);

S. 3(1) def. of category 2 offence inserted by No. 65/2016 s. 3, amended by Nos 65/2017 s. 15, 48/2018 s. 74, 3/2019 ss 7, 21(2), 16/2020 s. 23(b).

category 2 offence means any of the following offences committed by a person who is 18 years of age or more at the time of the commission of the offence—

        (a)     manslaughter;

        (b)     an offence against section 5A of the Crimes Act 1958 (child homicide);

        (ba)     an offence against section 5B of the Crimes Act 1958 (homicide by firearm);

        (c)     an offence against section 16 of the Crimes Act 1958 (causing serious injury intentionally) other than a category 1 offence;

        (d)     an offence against section 63A of the Crimes Act 1958 (kidnapping);

        (da)     an offence against section 75A(2) of the Crimes Act 1958 (armed robbery) if—

              (i)     the offender has with him or her a firearm at the time of the offence; or

              (ii)     a victim of the offence has suffered injury as a direct result of the offence; or

              (iii)     the offence was committed by the offender in company with one or more other persons;

        (db)     an offence against section 77A(3) of the Crimes Act 1958 (home invasion);

        (dc)     an offence against section 79(2) of the Crimes Act 1958 (carjacking);

        (e)     an offence against section 197A of the Crimes Act 1958 (arson causing death);

        (ea)     an offence against section 318(1) of the Crimes Act 1958 (culpable driving causing death);

        (eb)     an offence against section 319(1) of the Crimes Act 1958 (dangerous driving causing death);

        (f)     the offence of kidnapping at common law;

        (g)     an offence against section 71AA(1) of the Drugs, Poisons and Controlled Substances Act 1981 (trafficking in a drug or drugs of dependence—commercial quantity);

        (h)     an offence against section 72A of the Drugs, Poisons and Controlled Substances Act 1981 (cultivation of narcotic plants—commercial quantity);

              (i)     an offence against section 4B(1) of the Terrorism (Community Protection) Act 2003 (providing documents or information facilitating terrorist acts);

        (j)     an offence against section 317AD of the Crimes Act 1958 (aggravated offence of intentionally exposing an emergency worker, a custodial officer or a youth justice custodial worker to risk by driving) other than a category 1 offence;

        (k)     an offence against section 317AF of the Crimes Act 1958 (aggravated offence of recklessly exposing an emergency worker, a custodial officer or a youth justice custodial worker to risk by driving);

        (l)     an offence against section 31C of the Crimes Act 1958 (discharging a firearm reckless to safety of a police officer or a protective services officer) in circumstances where the offender's conduct created a risk to the physical safety of the victim or to any member of the public;

        (m)     the offence of common assault committed in the circumstances referred to in section 320A(1) or (2) of the Crimes Act 1958 if the assault consisted of or included the direct application of force within the meaning of the definition of assault in section 31(2) of that Act;

S. 3(1) def. of Chief Com-missioner of Police inserted by No. 77/2010 s. 3(a) (as amended by No. 9/2011 s. 3), repealed by No. 37/2014 s. 10(Sch. item 151.1(b)).

    *     *     *     *     *


S. 3(1) def. of Chief General Manager repealed by No. 46/1998 s. 7(Sch. 1).

    *     *     *     *     *


S. 3(1) def. of chief psychiatrist amended by No. 26/2014 s. 429(1)(c)).

"chief psychiatrist" means chief psychiatrist within the meaning of the Mental Health Act 2014 ;


S. 3(1) def. of combined custody and treatment order inserted by No. 48/1997 s. 4(a), repealed by No. 65/2011 s. 3(14)(a).

    *     *     *     *     *


S. 3(1) def. of community-based order repealed by No. 65/2011 s. 3(14)(b).

    *     *     *     *     *



S. 3(1) def. of community correction order inserted by No. 26/2012 s. 27(1).

"community correction order" means an order made under Part 3A;

"community corrections centre" means community corrections centre established under Part 9 of the Corrections Act 1986 ;

"community corrections officer" means community corrections officer appointed under Part 4 of the Corrections Act 1986 ;

S. 3(1) def. of community service condition repealed by No. 65/2011 s. 3(14)(c).

    *     *     *     *     *


S. 3(1) def. of contravention inserted by No. 30/2010 s. 3(a).

"contravention" in relation to a provision of an order or a sentence includes a failure to comply with that provision;

S. 3(1) def. of contravention summons inserted by No. 30/2010 s. 3(a), substituted by No. 65/2011 s. 3(4), repealed by No. 26/2012 s. 27(2).

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 3(1) def. of Court Assessment Order inserted by No. 26/2014 s. 429(2).

"Court Assessment Order" means an Order within the meaning of section 90;

S. 3(1) def. of Court Secure Treatment Order inserted by No. 26/2014 s. 429(2).

"Court Secure Treatment Order" means an Order within the meaning of section 94A;

S. 3(1) def. of curfew condition inserted by No. 65/2011 s. 3(1).

"curfew condition" means a condition that may be attached to a community correction order under section 48I(1);

S. 3(1) def. of depositions inserted by No. 68/2009 s. 97(Sch. item 110.1).

"depositions" has the same meaning as in the Criminal Procedure Act 2009 ;


S. 3(1) def. of designated mental health service inserted by No. 26/2014 s. 429(2), amended by No. 21/2015 s. 3(Sch. 1 item 47.1).

"designated mental health service" means a designated mental health service within the meaning of section 3(1) of the Mental Health Act 2014 ;


S. 3(1) def. of detention inserted by No. 48/1997 s. 4(b), amended by No. 48/2006 s. 42(Sch. item 32.1(a)).

"detention", in relation to an order or sentence of a court, means detention in a youth justice centre or youth residential centre;


"director", in relation to a body corporate, includes any person occupying the position of director of the body corporate (by whatever name called) and includes a person in accordance with whose directions or instructions the directors of the body corporate are accustomed to act;

S. 3(1) def. of Director of Public Prosecutions inserted by No. 77/2010 s. 3(a) (as amended by No. 9/2011 s. 3).

"Director of Public Prosecutions" means the Director of Public Prosecutions appointed under the Constitution Act 1975 ;

S. 3(1) def. of Director-General of Community Services repealed by No. 46/1998 s. 7(Sch. 1).

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 3(1) def. of Director-General of Corrections repealed by No. 45/1996 s. 18(Sch. 2 item 11.1).

    *     *     *     *     *



"driver licence" has the same meaning as in the Road Safety Act 1986 ;

S. 3(1) def. of Drug Court inserted by No. 2/2002 s. 4(1).

"Drug Court" means the Drug Court Division of the Magistrates' Court;


S. 3(1) def. of Drug Court officer inserted by No. 2/2002 s. 4(1), amended by No. 108/2004 s. 117(1) (Sch. 3 item 181.1).

"Drug Court officer" means a person who—

        (a)     is employed under Part 3 of the Public Administration Act 2004 ; and

        (b)     exercises powers or performs functions in relation to the Drug Court;


S. 3(1) def. of drug-dependent person repealed by No. 43/2010 s. 48(1)(a).

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 3(1) def. of drug of addiction inserted by No. 42/1993 s. 60.

"drug of addiction" means a drug of dependence within the meaning of the Drugs, Poisons and Controlled Substances Act 1981 ;

S. 3(1) def. of drug treatment order inserted by No. 2/2002 s. 4(1).

"drug treatment order" means an order under Subdivision (1C) of Division 2 of Part 3;

S. 3(1) def. of escape offence inserted by No. 41/1993 s. 4(b).

"escape offence" means an offence against section 479C of the Crimes Act 1958 ;

S. 3(1) def. of family violence intervention order inserted by No. 30/2010 s. 3(a), amended by No. 53/2016 s. 124(b).

"family violence intervention order" means—

        (a)     a family violence intervention order within the meaning of section 11 of the Family Violence Protection Act 2008 ; or

        (ab)     a non-local DVO made by a court that is a recognised DVO; or

        (b)     one of the following orders made under the Crimes (Family Violence) Act 1987 as in force immediately before its repeal—

              (i)     an intervention order made on grounds referred to in section 4 or 4A of that Act, and subsequently varied or extended under section 16 or 16A of that Act;

              (ii)     an intervention order made on grounds referred to in section 4 or 4A of that Act, and subsequently varied or extended under section 16 or 16A of that Act;

              (iii)     an interim intervention order made on grounds referred to in section 8 of that Act;

S. 3(1) def. of fine amended by Nos 19/1999 s. 12(1), 31/2013 s. 8, substituted by No. 32/2013 s. 46(1).

"fine" means the sum of money payable by an offender under an order of a court made on the offender being convicted or found guilty of an offence and includes costs but does not include—

        (a)     money payable by way of restitution or compensation; or

        (b)     any costs of or incidental to an application for restitution or compensation payable by an offender under an order of a court; or

        (c)     costs incurred between the parties in a civil proceeding; or

        (d)     costs incurred by third parties; or

        (e)     money payable by an offender under an order of a court to an organisation that provides a charitable or community service or to the court for payment to such an organisation;

S. 3(1) def. of fine conversion order inserted by No. 65/2011 s. 3(1), amended by Nos 26/2012 s. 27(3), 32/2013 s. 46(2), substituted by No. 59/2017 s. 127.

"fine conversion order" means an order made under section 64 or any order made under that provision as varied under section 67;

S. 3(1) def. of fine default unpaid community work order inserted by No. 65/2011 s. 3(1), amended by Nos 26/2012 s. 27(4), 32/2013 s. 46(3).

"fine default unpaid community work order" means an order made under section 69D, 69H(2)(a) or 69M(4) or any order made under those provisions as varied under section 69I;

S. 3(1) def. of fines work order inserted by No. 32/2013 s. 46(4).

"fines work order" means a fine conversion order or a fine default unpaid community work order;


S. 3(1) def. of Full Court repealed by No. 19/1999 s. 16(1).

    *     *     *     *     *


S. 3(1) def. of home detention order inserted by No. 53/2003 s. 3, substituted by No. 30/2010 s. 3(b), repealed by No. 48/2011 s. 12.

    *     *     *     *     *


S. 3(1) def. of hospital security order inserted by No. 69/2005 s. 3(1)(a), repealed by No. 26/2014 s. 429(1)(d)).

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 3(1) def. of indefinite sentence inserted by No. 41/1993 s. 4(c).

"indefinite sentence" means a sentence of imprisonment for an indefinite term imposed under Subdivision (1A) of Division 2 of Part 3;

S. 3(1) def. of inspector repealed by No. 43/2010 s. 48(1)(a).

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 3(1) def. of instalment order amended by Nos 65/2011 s. 3(5), 26/2012 s. 27(5).

"instalment order" means an order made under Part 3B that a fine be paid by two or more instalments and includes such an order as varied under that Part;

S. 3(1) def. of intensive correction management order inserted by No. 77/2010 s. 3(a) (as amended by No. 9/2011 s. 3), repealed by No. 65/2011 s. 3(13)(a).

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 3(1) def. of intensive correction management order (drug and alcohol) inserted by No. 77/2010 s. 3(a) (as amended by No. 9/2011 s. 3), repealed by No. 65/2011 s. 3(13)(b).

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 3(1) def. of intensive correction management order (general) inserted by No. 77/2010 s. 3(a) (as amended by No. 9/2011 s. 3), repealed by No. 65/2011 s. 3(13)(c).

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 3(1) def. of intensive correction order repealed by No. 65/2011 s. 3(14)(d).

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 3(1) def. of involuntary patient repealed by No. 26/2014 s. 429(1)(e)).

    *     *     *     *     *


S. 3(1) def. of judicial monitoring condition inserted by No. 65/2011 s. 3(1).

"judicial monitoring condition" means a condition that may be attached to a community correction order under section 48K(1);

S. 3(1) def. of justice plan amended by Nos 46/1998 s. 7(Sch. 1), 23/2006 s. 226(a), substituted by No. 65/2011 s. 3(6).

"justice plan" means a plan requested under section 80(3)(c);

S. 3(1) def. of justice plan condition inserted by No. 65/2011 s. 3(1).

"justice plan condition" means a condition that may be attached to—

        (a)     a community correction order; or

        (b)     an order releasing an offender on adjournment with or without recording a conviction

under section 80(1);

S. 3(1) def. of lawyer inserted by No. 18/2005 s. 18(Sch. 1 item 97.1), amended by No. 17/2014 s. 160(Sch. 2 item 88).

"lawyer" means an Australian lawyer;

S. 3(1) def. of learner permit inserted by No. 65/2011 s. 3(1).

"learner permit" has the same meaning as in the Road Safety Act 1986 ;


S. 3(1) def. of legal practitioner inserted by No. 18/2005 s. 18(Sch. 1 item 97.1), amended by No. 17/2014 s. 160(Sch. 2 item 88).

"legal practitioner" means an Australian legal practitioner;

S. 3(1) def. of licence restoration report inserted by No. 57/1998 s. 26(3), amended by No. 65/2011 s. 3(7), repealed by No. 56/2013 s. 31.

    *     *     *     *     *

"local law" means local law made under Part 5 of the Local Government Act 1989 ;

S. 3(1) def. of mandatory treatment and monitoring order inserted by No. 48/2018 s. 75.

"mandatory treatment and monitoring order" means an order made under section 44A;


S. 3(1) def. of median sentence inserted by No. 52/2014 s. 3, repealed by No. 34/2017 s. 3.

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 3(1) def. of Mental Health Review Board substituted as Mental Health Tribunal by No. 26/2014 s. 429(1)(f).

"Mental Health Tribunal" means the Mental Health Tribunal established by section 152 of the Mental Health Act 2014 ;

S. 3(1) def. of mental illness inserted by No. 98/1995 s. 64(1)(b), amended by No. 26/2014 s. 429(1)(g).

"mental illness" has the same meaning as in the Mental Health Act 2014 ;

S. 3(1) def. of monitored condition inserted by No. 32/2013 s. 23.

"monitored condition" means any of the following conditions—

        (a)     a curfew condition;

        (b)     a place or area exclusion condition;

"motor vehicle" has the same meaning as in the Road Safety Act 1986 ;

S. 3(1) def. of nominal sentence inserted by No. 41/1993 s. 4(d).

"nominal sentence", in relation to an indefinite sentence, means the period fixed in accordance with section 18A(3);

S. 3(1) def. of non-association condition inserted by No. 65/2011 s. 3(1).

"non-association condition" means a condition that may be attached to a community correction order under section 48F(1);

S. 3(1) def. of non-local DVO inserted by No. 53/2016 s. 124(a).

"non-local DVO" means a non-local DVO within the meaning of the National Domestic Violence Order Scheme Act 2016 ;

"non-parole period", in relation to a sentence of imprisonment, means a period fixed in accordance with Subdivision (1) of Division 2 of Part 3 during which the offender is not eligible to be released on parole;

S. 3(1) def. of offence involving an assault inserted by No. 43/2017 s. 45.

"offence involving an assault" means an offence against any of the following sections of the Crimes Act 1958

        (a)     section 15A (intentionally causing serious injury in circumstances of gross violence);

        (b)     section 15B (recklessly causing serious injury in circumstances of gross violence);

        (c)     section 16 (intentionally causing serious injury);

        (d)     section 17 (recklessly causing serious injury);

        (e)     section 18 (intentionally or recklessly causing injury);

S. 3(1) def. of offence involving property damage inserted by No. 43/2017 s. 45.

"offence involving property damage" means—

        (a)     an offence against section 197 of the Crimes Act 1958 (criminal damage); or

        (b)         an offence against section 9(1)(c) of the  Summary Offences Act 1966 (wilful damage);

S. 3(1) def. of operational period amended by No. 48/1997 s. 14(1)(a), repealed by No. 32/2013 s. 8(a).

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 3(1) def. of personal development condition repealed by No. 65/2011 s. 3(14)(e).

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 3(1) def. of personal safety intervention order
inserted by No. 53/2010 s. 221(Sch. item 10.1(a)).

"personal safety intervention order" means—

        (a)     a personal safety intervention order within the meaning of the Personal Safety Intervention Orders Act 2010 ; or

        (b)     an intervention order within the meaning of the Stalking Intervention Orders Act 2008 (as in force immediately before its repeal); or

        (c)     an order made under section 4 of the Crimes (Family Violence) Act 1987 of a kind referred to in section 21A(5) of the Crimes Act 1958 , both as in force immediately before their repeal;

S. 3(1) def. of place or area exclusion condition inserted by No. 65/2011 s. 3(1).

"place or area exclusion condition" means a condition that may be attached to a community correction order under section 48H(1);

S. 3(1) def. of police officer inserted by No. 37/2014 s. 10(Sch. item 151.1(a)).

"police officer" has the same meaning as in the Victoria Police Act 2013 ;

S. 3(1) def. of Post Sentence Authority inserted by No. 57/2017 s. 52(1), substituted by No. 27/2018 s. 364(1).

"Post Sentence Authority" means the Post Sentence Authority continued in existence under section 290 of the Serious Offenders Act 2018 ;

S. 3(1) def. of prescribed officer substituted as prescribed person by No. 48/1997 s. 14(1)(b).

"prescribed person" means a person prescribed under the regulations;

"prisoner" has the same meaning as in the Corrections Act 1986 ;

"prison offence" has the same meaning as in Part 7 of the Corrections Act 1986 ;

"proper officer", in relation to a court, means the officer or officers of that court prescribed by rules of that court for the purpose of the provision in which the term is used;

"proper venue", in relation to the Magistrates' Court, has the same meaning as in the Magistrates' Court Act 1989 ;

S. 3(1) def. of psychiatric
in-patient service repealed by No. 98/1995 s. 64(1)(c).

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 3(1) def. of psychiatrist inserted by No. 48/2018 s. 75.

"psychiatrist" means a person who is registered under the Health Practitioner Regulation National Law as a medical practitioner in the speciality of psychiatry (other than as a student);

S. 3(1) def. of recognised DVO inserted by No. 53/2016 s. 124(a).

"recognised DVO" means a recognised DVO within the meaning of the National Domestic Violence Order Scheme Act 2016 ;

S. 3(1) def. of Regional Manager amended by No. 2/2002 s. 4(2), substituted by No. 65/2011 s. 3(8), amended by No. 26/2012 s. 27(6).

"Regional Manager", in relation to—

        (a)     a drug treatment order; or

        (b)     a community correction order; or

        (ba)     a fine conversion order; or

        (c)     a fine default unpaid community work order

means the person appointed under Part 4 of the Corrections Act 1986 to be the Regional Manager of the region in which the community corrections centre specified in the order is located;

S. 3(1) def. of registered psychologist inserted by No. 48/2018 s. 75.

"registered psychologist" means a person registered under the Health Practitioner Regulation National Law to practise in the psychology profession (other than as a student);

S. 3(1) def. of residence restriction or exclusion condition inserted by No. 65/2011 s. 3(1).

"residence restriction or exclusion condition" means a condition that may be attached to a community correction order under section 48G(1);

S. 3(1) def. of residential treatment facility inserted by No. 23/2006 s. 226(b).

"residential treatment facility" has the same meaning as it has in section 3(1) of the Disability Act 2006 ;


S. 3(1) def. of residential treatment order
inserted by No. 23/2006 s. 226(b), amended by No. 65/2011 s. 3(9).

"residential treatment order" means an order made under section 82AA(1);

S. 3(1) def. of restricted involuntary treatment order inserted by No. 69/2005 s. 3(1)(a), repealed by No. 26/2014 s. 429(1)(h).

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 3(1) def. of Secretary inserted by No. 46/1998 s. 7(Sch. 1), substituted by Nos 65/2011 s. 3(10), 45/2019 s. 50(1).

"Secretary" means the Secretary to the Department of Justice and Community Safety;

S. 3(1) def. of Secretary
to the Department
of Health inserted by No. 29/2010 s. 71(1).

"Secretary to the Department of Health" means the Department Head (within the meaning of the Public Administration Act 2004 ) of the Department of Health;

S. 3(1) def. of secure custody facility inserted by No. 2/2002 s. 4(1), amended by No. 48/2006 s. 42(Sch. item 32.1(b)).

"secure custody facility" means—

        (a)     a prison as defined in section 3 of the Corrections Act 1986 ; or

        (b)     a youth justice centre; or

        (c)     any other place the Minister specifies under subsection (2);

S. 3(1) def. of Secure Treatment Order inserted by No. 26/2014 s. 429(2).

"Secure Treatment Order" means an Order within the meaning of section 275 of the Mental Health Act 2014 ;


S. 3(1) def. of security patient amended by No. 26/2014 s. 429(1)(i).

"security patient" has the same meaning as in the Mental Health Act 2014 ;

S. 3(1) def. of security resident substituted by No. 23/2006 s. 226(c).

"security resident" has the same meaning as it has in section 3(1) of the Disability Act 2006 ;

S. 3(1) def. of sentencing court inserted by No. 65/2011 s. 3(1).

"sentencing court", in relation to an order made under this Act, means the court that made the order;

S. 3(1) def. of serious offence inserted by No. 41/1993 s. 4(e), amended by Nos 67/2000 s. 10(1)(a)(b), 77/2005 s. 8(4)(a), 82/2006 s. 7(1), 2/2006 s. 43(1) (as amended by No. 76/2006 s. 14(1)), 7/2008 s. 7(4)(a), 6/2013 s. 8, 32/2013 s. 8(b), 63/2014 s. 5(3)(a), 74/2014 s. 19(1), 47/2016 s. 41(1), 16/2020 s. 23(c).

"serious offence", for the purposes of Subdivision (1A) of Division 2 of Part 3 (indefinite sentences) means—

        (a)     murder; or

        (b)     manslaughter; or

        (baa)     child homicide; or

    *     *     *     *     *

        (bb)     homicide by firearm; or

        (c)     an offence against any of the following sections of the Crimes Act 1958

        (iaa)     section 15A (causing serious injury intentionally in circumstances of gross violence);

        (iab)     section 15B (causing serious injury recklessly in circumstances of gross violence);

              (i)     section 16 (causing serious injury intentionally);

              (ii)     section 20 (threats to kill);

              (iii)     section 38 (rape);

              (iv)     section 39(1) (rape by compelling sexual penetration);

        (iva)     section 42(1) (assault with intent to commit a sexual offence);

              (v)     section 50C(1) (sexual penetration of a child or lineal descendant), 50D(1) (sexual penetration of a step-child) or 50F(1) (sexual penetration of a sibling or half‑sibling) in circumstances other than where both people are aged 18 or older and each consented (as defined by section 36 of the Crimes Act   1958 ) to the sexual penetration;

              (vi)     section 49A(1) (sexual penetration of a child under the age of 12) or 49B(1) (sexual penetration of a child under the age of 16);

    *     *     *     *     *

              (viii)     section 49J(1) (persistent sexual abuse of a child under the age of 16);

              (ix)     section 47 (abduction or detention for a sexual purpose);

              (x)     section 49P (abduction or detention of a child under the age of 16 for a sexual purpose);

              (xi)     section 63A (kidnapping);

              (xii)     section 75A (armed robbery); or

        (ca)     an offence against section 45(1) (sexual penetration of child under the age of 10) (as amended) of the Crimes Act 1958 inserted in the Crimes Act 1958 on 5 August 1991 by section 3 of the Crimes (Sexual Offences) Act 1991 and repealed by section 5 of the Crimes (Amendment) Act 2000 ; or

        (cb)     an offence against section 46(1) (sexual penetration of child aged between 10 and 16) (as amended) of the Crimes Act 1958 inserted in the Crimes Act 1958 on 5 August 1991 by section 3 of the Crimes (Sexual Offences) Act 1991 and repealed by section 5 of the Crimes (Amendment) Act 2000 ; or

        (cc)     an offence against any of the following provisions of the Crimes Act 1958 inserted in the Crimes Act 1958 on 5 August 1991 by section 3 of the Crimes (Sexual Offences) Act 1991 and repealed by section 16 of the Crimes Amendment (Sexual Offences) Act 2016

              (i)     section 44(1), (2) or (4) (incest) in circumstances other than where both people are aged 18 or older and each consented to the sexual penetration;

              (ii)     section 47A(1) (persistent sexual abuse of child under the age of 16);

              (iii)     section 55 (abduction or detention);

              (iv)     section 56(1) or (2) (abduction of child under the age of 16); or

        (cd)     an offence against section 45(1) of the Crimes Act 1958 (sexual penetration of child under the age of 16) inserted in the Crimes Act 1958 on 22 November 2000 by section 5 of the Crimes (Amendment) Act 2000 and repealed by section 16 of the Crimes Amendment (Sexual Offences) Act 2016 ; or

        (d)     an offence against a provision of the Crimes Act 1958 which was repealed before the commencement of section 4(e) of the Sentencing (Amendment) Act 1993 and which the presiding judge is satisfied beyond reasonable doubt, having regard to the facts in evidence, could have been charged as an offence against a provision mentioned in paragraph (c) had it been committed while that provision was in force; or

        (da)     an offence that, at the time it was committed, was a serious offence; or

        (e)     any of the following common law offences—

              (i)     rape;

              (ii)     assault with intent to rape; or

        (f)     an offence of conspiracy to commit, incitement to commit or attempting to commit, an offence referred to in any of the preceding paragraphs;

S. 3(1) defs of serious sexual offender , serious violent offence , serious violent offender inserted by No. 41/1993 s. 4(e), repealed by No. 48/1997 s. 7(1).

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 3(1) def. of severe substance dependence inserted by No. 43/2010 s. 48(1)(b).

"severe substance dependence" has the same meaning as in section 5 of the Severe Substance Dependence Treatment Act 2010 ;

S. 3(1) def. of sexual offence inserted by No. 41/1993 s. 4(e), amended by Nos 24/1994 s. 4(1)(a), 22/1996 s. 20, repealed by No. 48/1997 s. 7(1).

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 3(1) def. of significant offence inserted by No. 77/2010 s. 3(a) (as amended by No. 9/2011 s. 3), repealed by No. 32/2013 s. 8(c).

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 3(1) def. of stalking intervention order inserted by No. 30/2010 s. 3(a), repealed by No. 53/2010 s. 221(Sch. item 10.1(b)).

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 3(1) def. of standard sentence inserted by No. 34/2017 s. 17.

"standard sentence", in relation to an offence, means the period specified by an Act as the standard sentence for the offence;

Note

See section 5A.

S. 3(1) def. of standard sentence offence inserted by No. 34/2017 s. 17.

"standard sentence offence" means an offence for which an Act specifies a standard sentence;

Note

See section 5A.

"subordinate instrument" has the same meaning as in the Interpretation of Legislation Act   1984 ;

S. 3(1) def. of supervision condition substituted by No. 65/2011 s. 3(11).

"supervision condition" means a condition that may be attached to a community correction order under section 48E(1);

S. 3(1) def. of Temporary Treatment Order inserted by No. 26/2014 s. 429(2).

"Temporary Treatment Order" means an Order within the meaning of section 45 of the Mental Health Act 2014 ;

S. 3(1) def. of time to pay order inserted by No. 32/2013 s. 46(4).

"time to pay order" means an order made under Part 3B that an offender be allowed time to pay a fine and includes such an order as varied under that Part;

S. 3(1) def. of total effective sentence inserted by No. 52/2014 s. 3.

"total effective sentence" has the same meaning as in the Criminal Procedure Act 2009 ;

S. 3(1) def. of treatment and rehabilitation condition inserted by No. 65/2011 s. 3(1).

"treatment and rehabilitation condition" means a condition that may be attached to a community correction order under section 48D(1);

S. 3(1) def. of treatment centre repealed by No. 43/2010 s. 48(1)(a).

    *     *     *     *     *


S. 3(1) def. of treatment period repealed by No. 48/1997 s. 14(1)(c).

    *     *     *     *     *

"undertaking" means a written undertaking by the offender in the prescribed form;

S. 3(1) def. of unpaid community work condition inserted by No. 77/2010 s. 3(a) (as amended by No. 9/2011 s. 3), substituted by No. 65/2011 s. 3(12).

"unpaid community work condition" means a condition that may be attached to a community correction order under section 48C(1);

S. 3(1) def. of victim inserted by No. 24/1994 s. 4(1)(b), amended by No. 54/2000 s. 22(1).

"victim", in relation to an offence, means a person who, or body that, has suffered injury, loss or damage (including grief, distress, trauma or other significant adverse effect) as a direct result of the offence, whether or not that injury, loss or damage was reasonably foreseeable by the offender;

S. 3(1) def. of violent offence inserted by No. 41/1993 s. 4(f), amended by No. 24/1994 s. 4(1)(c), repealed by No. 48/1997 s. 7(1).

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 3(1) def. of working day inserted by No. 41/1993 s. 4(f).

"working day", in relation to a court, means a day on which the offices of the court are open;

S. 3(1) def. of young person inserted by No. 41/1993 s. 4(f), repealed by No. 48/1997 s. 4(c).

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 3(1) def. of young offender amended by No. 48/1997 s. 4(d).

"young offender" means an offender who at the time of being sentenced is under the age of 21 years;

S. 3(1) def. of youth justice centre inserted by No. 48/2006 s. 42(Sch. item 32.1(c)).

"youth justice centre" has the same meaning as in the Children, Youth and Families Act   2005 ;

S. 3(1) def. of youth justice centre order inserted by No. 48/2006 s. 42(Sch. item 32.1(c)).

"youth justice centre order" means an order made under Subdivision (4) of Division 2 of Part 3 directing the detention of a young offender in a youth justice centre;

S. 3(1) def. of Youth Parole Board substituted by No. 48/2006 s. 42(Sch. item 32.1(d)), repealed by No. 61/2014 s. 170(1).

    *     *     *     *     *

S. 3(1) def. of youth residential centre inserted by No. 48/1997 s. 4(e), substituted by No. 48/2006 s. 42(Sch. item 32.1(e)).

"youth residential centre" has the same meaning as in the Children, Youth and Families Act   2005 ;


S. 3(1) def. of youth residential centre order inserted by No. 48/1997 s. 4(e).

"youth residential centre order" means an order made under Subdivision (4) of Division 2 of Part 3 directing the detention of a young offender in a youth residential centre;

S. 3(1) defs of youth training centre and youth training centre order inserted by No. 48/1997 s. 4(e), repealed by No. 48/2006 s. 42(Sch. 32.1(f)).

    *     *     *     *     *


S. 3(2) inserted by No. 41/1993 s. 4(g), amended by No. 24/1994 s. 4(2)(a)(i) (ii)(b), repealed by No. 48/1997 s. 7(2),
new s. 3(2) inserted by No. 2/2002 s. 4(3).

    (2)     The Minister may, by notice published in the Government Gazette, specify a place for the purposes of paragraph (c) of the definition of secure custody facility in subsection (1).

S. 3(3) inserted by No. 2/2002 s. 4(3).

    (3)     Section 6(b) of the Corrections Act 1986 is taken to include an order under section 18ZL(1)(f) that a person serve a period in a place referred to in paragraph (c) of the definition of secure custody facility in subsection (1).



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