Commonwealth Consolidated Acts

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BIOSECURITY ACT 2015 - SECT 475

Governor-General may declare that a human biosecurity emergency exists

             (1)  The Governor-General may declare that a human biosecurity emergency exists if the Health Minister is satisfied that:

                     (a)  a listed human disease is posing a severe and immediate threat, or is causing harm, to human health on a nationally significant scale; and

                     (b)  the declaration is necessary to prevent or control:

                              (i)  the entry of the listed human disease into Australian territory or a part of Australian territory; or

                             (ii)  the emergence, establishment or spread of the listed human disease in Australian territory or a part of Australian territory.

Note 1:       The declaration is a human biosecurity emergency declaration (see section 9).

Note 2:       For revocation, see subsections 33(3) and (3AA) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 .

Note 3:       A human biosecurity emergency declaration may be varied under section 476. Subsection 33(3) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 does not apply in relation to variation of a human biosecurity emergency declaration.

             (2)  A human biosecurity emergency declaration is a legislative instrument, but section 42 (disallowance) of the Legislation Act 2003 does not apply to the declaration.

Requirements for human biosecurity emergency declaration

             (3)  A human biosecurity emergency declaration must specify:

                     (a)  the listed human disease to which the declaration relates; and

                     (b)  the nature of the human biosecurity emergency and the conditions that gave rise to it; and

                     (c)  the period during which the declaration is in force.

Note 1:       The listed human disease specified under paragraph (3)(a) is the declaration listed human disease (see section 9).

Note 2:       The period specified under paragraph (3)(c) is the human biosecurity emergency period (see section 9).

             (4)  A human biosecurity emergency period:

                     (a)  must not be longer than the period that the Health Minister considers necessary to prevent or control:

                              (i)  the entry of the declaration listed human disease into Australian territory or a part of Australian territory; or

                             (ii)  the emergence, establishment or spread of the declaration listed human disease in Australian territory or a part of Australian territory; and

                     (b)  in any case, must not be longer than 3 months.

Note:          A human biosecurity emergency period may be extended under section 476.



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