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DISABILITY DISCRIMINATION ACT 1992 - NOTES

No. 135, 1992

Compilation No. 33

Compilation date:                              12 April 2018

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 26, 2018

Registered:                                         19 April 2018

 

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Disability Discrimination Act 1992 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 12 April 2018 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Self-repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Part 1--Preliminary                                                                                                             1

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 1

3............ Objects................................................................................................ 1

4............ Interpretation....................................................................................... 2

5............ Direct disability discrimination............................................................ 9

6............ Indirect disability discrimination......................................................... 9

7............ Discrimination in relation to associates............................................. 10

8............ Discrimination in relation to carers, assistants, assistance animals and disability aids              11

9............ Carer, assistant, assistance animal and disability aid definitions........ 12

10.......... Act done because of disability and for other reason.......................... 13

11.......... Unjustifiable hardship....................................................................... 14

12.......... Application of Act............................................................................. 14

12A....... Application of the Criminal Code..................................................... 17

13.......... Operation of State and Territory laws............................................... 17

14.......... Extent to which Act binds the Crown............................................... 18

Part 2--Prohibition of disability discrimination                                               19

Division 1--Discrimination in work                                                                    19

15.......... Discrimination in employment.......................................................... 19

16.......... Discrimination against commission agents........................................ 19

17.......... Discrimination against contract workers........................................... 20

18.......... Partnerships...................................................................................... 21

19.......... Qualifying bodies.............................................................................. 21

20.......... Registered organisations under the Fair Work (Registered Organisations) Act 2009              22

21.......... Employment agencies........................................................................ 22

21A....... Exception--inherent requirements.................................................... 23

21B....... Exception--unjustifiable hardship.................................................... 24

Division 2--Discrimination in other areas                                                      25

22.......... Education.......................................................................................... 25

23.......... Access to premises............................................................................ 25

24.......... Goods, services and facilities............................................................ 26

25.......... Accommodation................................................................................ 27

26.......... Land.................................................................................................. 28

27.......... Clubs and incorporated associations................................................. 28

28.......... Sport................................................................................................. 29

29.......... Administration of Commonwealth laws and programs..................... 30

29A....... Unjustifiable hardship....................................................................... 30

30.......... Requests for information................................................................... 30

Division 2A--Disability standards                                                                       32

31.......... Disability standards........................................................................... 32

32.......... Unlawful to contravene disability standards...................................... 32

33.......... Division 5 generally not to apply to disability standards................... 33

34.......... This Part not to apply if person acts in accordance with disability standards            33

Division 3--Discrimination involving harassment                                      34

35.......... Harassment in employment............................................................... 34

37.......... Harassment in education................................................................... 35

39.......... Harassment in relation to the provision of goods and services.......... 35

Division 4--Offences                                                                                                   36

41.......... Unlawful act not offence unless expressly so provided.................... 36

42.......... Victimisation..................................................................................... 36

43.......... Offence to incite doing of unlawful acts or offences......................... 37

44.......... Advertisements................................................................................. 37

Division 5--Exemptions                                                                                            38

45.......... Special measures............................................................................... 38

46.......... Superannuation and insurance........................................................... 39

47.......... Acts done under statutory authority.................................................. 40

48.......... Infectious diseases............................................................................ 41

49.......... Charities............................................................................................ 42

51.......... Pensions and allowances................................................................... 42

52.......... Migration.......................................................................................... 43

53.......... Combat duties and peacekeeping services......................................... 43

54.......... Peacekeeping services by the AFP.................................................... 44

54A....... Assistance animals............................................................................ 44

55.......... Commission may grant exemptions.................................................. 45

56.......... Review by Administrative Appeals Tribunal.................................... 46

57.......... Notice of decisions to be published................................................... 47

58.......... Effect of exemptions......................................................................... 47

Part 3--Action plans                                                                                                          48

59.......... Scope................................................................................................ 48

60.......... Action plans...................................................................................... 48

61.......... Provisions of action plans................................................................. 48

62.......... Action plans may have other provisions........................................... 49

63.......... Amendment of action plans............................................................... 49

64.......... Action plans may be given to Commission....................................... 49

Part 4--Functions of the Australian Human Rights Commission         50

Division 1--Preliminary                                                                                            50

67.......... Functions of the Commission........................................................... 50

Part 5--Other offences                                                                                                     52

107........ Failure to provide actuarial data or statistical data.............................. 52

Part 6--Disability Discrimination Commissioner                                             53

113........ Disability Discrimination Commissioner.......................................... 53

114........ Terms and conditions of appointment............................................... 53

115........ Remuneration of Commissioner........................................................ 53

116........ Leave of absence............................................................................... 53

117........ Outside employment......................................................................... 54

118........ Resignation....................................................................................... 54

119........ Termination of appointment.............................................................. 54

120........ Acting Commissioner....................................................................... 55

Part 7--Miscellaneous                                                                                                       56

121........ Delegation......................................................................................... 56

122........ Liability of persons involved in unlawful acts................................... 56

123........ Conduct by directors, employees and agents..................................... 56

124........ Commonwealth taken to be employer............................................... 58

125........ Unlawful act not basis of civil action unless expressly so provided.. 58

126........ Protection from civil actions.............................................................. 58

127........ Non-disclosure of private information.............................................. 59

128........ Information stored otherwise than in written form............................ 61

129........ Commissioner to give information.................................................... 61

131........ Courts to ensure just terms................................................................ 62

132........ Regulations....................................................................................... 62

Endnotes                                                                                                                                    63

Endnote 1--About the endnotes                                                                            63

Endnote 2--Abbreviation key                                                                                65

Endnote 3--Legislation history                                                                             66

Endnote 4--Amendment history                                                                           72


  

Endnotes

Endnote 1--About the endnotes

The endnotes provide information about this compilation and the compiled law.

The following endnotes are included in every compilation:

Endnote 1--About the endnotes

Endnote 2--Abbreviation key

Endnote 3--Legislation history

Endnote 4--Amendment history

Abbreviation key--Endnote 2

The abbreviation key sets out abbreviations that may be used in the endnotes.

Legislation history and amendment history--Endnotes 3 and 4

Amending laws are annotated in the legislation history and amendment history.

The legislation history in endnote 3 provides information about each law that has amended (or will amend) the compiled law. The information includes commencement details for amending laws and details of any application, saving or transitional provisions that are not included in this compilation.

The amendment history in endnote 4 provides information about amendments at the provision (generally section or equivalent) level. It also includes information about any provision of the compiled law that has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law.

Editorial changes

The Legislation Act 2003 authorises First Parliamentary Counsel to make editorial and presentational changes to a compiled law in preparing a compilation of the law for registration. The changes must not change the effect of the law. Editorial changes take effect from the compilation registration date.

If the compilation includes editorial changes, the endnotes include a brief outline of the changes in general terms. Full details of any changes can be obtained from the Office of Parliamentary Counsel.

Misdescribed amendments

A misdescribed amendment is an amendment that does not accurately describe the amendment to be made. If, despite the misdescription, the amendment can be given effect as intended, the amendment is incorporated into the compiled law and the abbreviation "(md)" added to the details of the amendment included in the amendment history.

If a misdescribed amendment cannot be given effect as intended, the abbreviation "(md not incorp)" is added to the details of the amendment included in the amendment history.

 

Endnote 2--Abbreviation key

 

ad = added or inserted

o = order(s)

am = amended

Ord = Ordinance

amdt = amendment

orig = original

c = clause(s)

par = paragraph(s)/subparagraph(s)

C[x] = Compilation No. x

    /sub-subparagraph(s)

Ch = Chapter(s)

pres = present

def = definition(s)

prev = previous

Dict = Dictionary

(prev ... ) = previously

disallowed = disallowed by Parliament

Pt = Part(s)

Div = Division(s)

r = regulation(s)/rule(s)

ed = editorial change

reloc = relocated

exp = expires/expired or ceases/ceased to have

renum = renumbered

    effect

rep = repealed

F = Federal Register of Legislation

rs = repealed and substituted

gaz = gazette

s = section(s)/subsection(s)

LA = Legislation Act 2003

Sch = Schedule(s)

LIA = Legislative Instruments Act 2003

Sdiv = Subdivision(s)

(md) = misdescribed amendment can be given

SLI = Select Legislative Instrument

    effect

SR = Statutory Rules

(md not incorp) = misdescribed amendment

Sub-Ch = Sub-Chapter(s)

    cannot be given effect

SubPt = Subpart(s)

mod = modified/modification

underlining = whole or part not

No. = Number(s)

    commenced or to be commenced

 

Endnote 3--Legislation history

 

Act

Number and year

Assent

Commencement

Application, saving and transitional provisions

Disability Discrimination Act 1992

135, 1992

5 Nov 1992

s 1 and 2: 5 Nov 1992 (s 2(1))
s 3-14, 59-65, 67(1)(d)-(m), 113-120, 126, 127, 129 and 132: 26 Nov 1992 (s 2(3) and gaz 1992, No S346)
Remainder: 1 Mar 1993 (s 2(3) and gaz 1992, No S346)

 

Sex Discrimination and other Legislation Amendment Act 1992

179, 1992

16 Dec 1992

s 4: 26 Nov 1992 (s 2(2))
Sch: 1 Mar 1993 (s 2(2))

s 4

Law and Justice Legislation Amendment Act 1993

13, 1994

18 Jan 1994

s 3-5: 18 Jan 1994 (s 2(1))

s 4(2)

Veterans' Affairs (1994-95 Budget Measures) Legislation Amendment Act (No. 2) 1994

164, 1994

16 Dec 1994

Sch 6: 16 Dec 1994 (s 2(1))

--

Human Rights Legislation Amendment Act 1995

59, 1995

28 June 1995

s 4, 5 and Sch: 28 June 1995 (s 2(1))

s 4 and 5

Workplace Relations and Other Legislation Amendment Act 1996

60, 1996

25 Nov 1996

Sch 11 (item 61): 31 Dec 1996 (s 2(2) and 1996, No S535)
Sch 19 (item 18): 25 Nov 1996 (s 2(1))

--

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Workplace Relations and Other Legislation Amendment Act (No. 2) 1996

77, 1996

19 Dec 1996

Sch 3 (items 1, 2): 25 Nov 1996 (s 2(4))

--

Defence Legislation Amendment Act (No. 1) 1999

116, 1999

22 Sept 1999

Sch 5 (item 2): 1 Jan 2001 (s 2(4))

--

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Statute Law Revision Act 2002

63, 2002

3 July 2002

Sch 2 (item 9): 1 Jan 2001 (s  2(1) (item 38))

--

Human Rights Legislation Amendment Act (No. 1) 1999

133, 1999

13 Oct 1999

s 4-20 and Sch 1 (items 3-32): 13 Apr 2000 (s 2(3))
s 21: 13 Oct 1999 (s 2(1))
s 22: 10 Dec 1999 (s 2(2) and gaz 1999, No S598)

s 4-20

Public Employment (Consequential and Transitional) Amendment Act 1999

146, 1999

11 Nov 1999

Sch 1 (items 394-396): 5 Dec 1999 (s 2(1), (2) and gaz 1999, No S584)

--

Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Legislation Amendment Act 1999

161, 1999

10 Dec 1999

Sch 3 (items 1, 25): 10 Dec 1999 (s 2(2))

--

Australian Federal Police Legislation Amendment Act 2000

9, 2000

7 Mar 2000

Sch 2 (item 28) and Sch 3 (items 20, 24, 34, 35): 2 July 2000 (s 2(1) and gaz 2000, No S328)

Sch 3 (items 20, 24, 34, 35)

Criminal Code Amendment (Theft, Fraud, Bribery and Related Offences) Act 2000

137, 2000

24 Nov 2000

Sch 2 (items 176, 177, 418, 419): 24 May 2001 (s 2(3))

Sch 2 (items 418, 419)

Law and Justice Legislation Amendment (Application of Criminal Code) Act 2001

24, 2001

6 Apr 2001

s 4(1), (2) and Sch 24: 24 May 2001 (s 2(1)(a))

s 4(1) and (2)

Disability Discrimination Amendment Act 2002

62, 2002

3 July 2002

Sch 1: 19 Aug 2002 (s 2(1) item 2)

--

Workplace Relations Legislation Amendment (Registration and Accountability of Organisations) (Consequential Provisions) Act 2002

105, 2002

14 Nov 2002

Sch 3 (item 41): 12 May 2003 (s 2(1) item 23)

--

Age Discrimination (Consequential Provisions) Act 2004

40, 2004

21 Apr 2004

Sch 2 (item 26): never commenced (s 2(1) item 7)

--

Military Rehabilitation and Compensation (Consequential and Transitional Provisions) Act 2004

52, 2004

27 Apr 2004

Sch 3 (item 20): 1 July 2004 (s 2(1) item 6)

--

Disability Discrimination Amendment (Education Standards) Act 2005

19, 2005

1 Mar 2005

Sch 1: 10 Aug 2005 (s 2(1) item 2)

--

Civil Aviation Amendment Act 2005

86, 2005

6 July 2005

Sch 1 (item 2): 6 July 2005 (s 2)

--

Fair Work (State Referral and Consequential and Other Amendments) Act 2009

54, 2009

25 June 2009

s 4: 25 June 2009 (s 2(1) item 1)
Sch 5 (items 28-30, 65, 66, 84): 1 July 2009 (s 2(1) items 11, 14, 21)
Sch 5 (item 31): 5 Aug 2009 (s 2(1) item 12)

s 4 and Sch 5 (item 84)

Disability Discrimination and Other Human Rights Legislation Amendment Act 2009

70, 2009

8 July 2009

Sch 2 (items 1-90) and Sch 3 (items 22-31, 117, 118): 5 Aug 2009 (s 2(1) items 3, 7, 10)
Sch 2 (items 101, 102): 27 Mar 2006 (s 2(1) item 4)
Sch 2 (items 103-105): 8 Jan 2010 (s 2(1) item 5)

Sch 2 (items 63, 86)

Fair Work Amendment (State Referrals and Other Measures) Act 2009

124, 2009

9 Dec 2009

Sch 2 (item 124): 1 Jan 2010 (s 2(1) item 10)

--

Acts Interpretation Amendment Act 2011

46, 2011

27 June 2011

Sch 2 (items 543-546) and Sch 3 (items 10, 11): 27 Dec 2011 (s 2(1) items 3, 12)

Sch 3 (items 10, 11)

Australian Charities and Not-for-profits Commission (Consequential and Transitional) Act 2012

169, 2012

3 Dec 2012

Sch 2 (items 173-176): 3 Dec 2012 (s 2(1) item 7)

--

Charities (Consequential Amendments and Transitional Provisions) Act 2013

96, 2013

28 June 2013

Sch 1 (item 14): 1 Jan 2014 (s 2(1) item 2)

--

Statute Law Revision Act (No. 1) 2015

5, 2015

25 Feb 2015

Sch 3 (items 70-74): 25 Mar 2015 (s 2(1) item 10)

--

Norfolk Island Legislation Amendment Act 2015

59, 2015

26 May 2015

Sch 1 (item 97) and Sch 2 (items 356-396): 18 June 2015 (s 2(1) items 2, 6)
Sch 2 (items 127, 128): 1 July 2016 (s 2(1) item 5)
Sch 1 (items 184-195, 197-203): 27 May 2015 (s 2(1) item 3)

Sch 1 (items 184-203) and Sch 2 (items 356-396)

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Territories Legislation Amendment Act 2016

33, 2016

23 Mar 2016

Sch 2: 24 Mar 2016 (s 2(1) item 2)

--

Defence Legislation Amendment (First Principles) Act 2015

164, 2015

2 Dec 2015

Sch 2 (items 54 and 80): 1 July 2016 (s 2(1) item 2)

Sch 2 (item 80)

Safety, Rehabilitation and Compensation Legislation Amendment (Defence Force) Act 2017

108, 2017

14 Sept 2017

Sch 3 (item 11): 12 October 2017 (s 2(1) item 5)

--

Social Services Legislation Amendment (Welfare Reform) Act 2018

26, 2018

11 Apr 2018

Sch 18: 12 Apr 2018 (s 2(1) item 22)

--

 

Number and year

FRLI registration or Assent

Commencement

Application, saving and transitional provisions

50, 2006

17 Mar 2006 (F2006L00820)

Sch 35: 27 Mar 2006 (r 2(b))

--

as amended by

 

 

 

Act No. 70, 2009

8 July 2009

Sch 2 (item 106): 27 Mar 2006 (s 2(1) item 6)

--

 

Endnote 4--Amendment history

 

Provision affected

How affected

Part 1

 

s. 4......................................

am. No. 179, 1992; No. 60, 1996; No. 116, 1999 (as am. by No. 63, 2002); Nos. 133, 146 and 161, 1999; No. 9, 2000; No. 105, 2002; No. 19, 2005; SLI 2006 No. 50; Nos. 54 and 70, 2009; No. 46, 2011; No. 169, 2012; No 59, 2015; No 164, 2015

ss. 5-9................................

rs. No. 70, 2009

s. 11....................................

rs. No. 70, 2009

s. 12....................................

am. No. 70, 2009

s. 12A.................................

ad. No. 24, 2001

s. 13....................................

am. No. 133, 1999; No. 70, 2009

s 14.....................................

am No 59, 2015

Part 2

 

Division 1

 

ss. 15-19............................

am. No. 70, 2009

Heading to s. 20..................

am. No. 60, 1996; No. 105, 2002; No. 54, 2009

ss. 20, 21............................

am. No. 70, 2009

s. 21A.................................

ad. No. 70, 2009

 

am. No. 54, 2009

s. 21B.................................

ad. No. 70, 2009

Division 2

 

s. 22....................................

am. No. 19, 2005; No. 70, 2009

s. 23....................................

am. No. 70, 2009

s. 24....................................

am. No. 70, 2009

s. 25....................................

am. No. 70, 2009; No. 169, 2012

s. 26....................................

am. No. 70, 2009

s. 27....................................

am. No. 70, 2009

s. 28....................................

am. No. 70, 2009

s. 29....................................

am. No. 70, 2009

s. 29A.................................

ad. No. 70, 2009

s. 30....................................

rs. No. 70, 2009

Division 2A

 

Heading to Div. 2A.............
of Part 2

ad. No. 70, 2009

s. 31....................................

am. No. 133, 1999; No. 62, 2002; No. 19, 2005

 

rs. No. 70, 2009

s. 33....................................

rs. No. 62, 2002

s. 34....................................

am. No. 70, 2009

Division 3

 

s. 36....................................

rep. No. 70, 2009

s. 38....................................

rep. No. 70, 2009

s. 40....................................

rep. No. 70, 2009

Division 4

 

s. 42....................................

am. No. 133, 1999; No. 70, 2009

s. 43....................................

am. No. 24, 2001; No. 70, 2009

s. 44....................................

am. No. 70, 2009

Division 5

 

s. 45....................................

am. No. 70, 2009

s. 47....................................

am. No. 60, 1996; No. 133, 1999; Nos. 54, 70 and 124, 2009

Note to s. 47(1)...................

ad. No. 70, 2009

 

rs. No. 54, 2009

Note to s. 47.......................

ad. No. 86, 2005

Note to s. 48.......................

ad. No. 70, 2009

s. 49....................................

am. No. 169, 2012

 

rs No 96, 2013

s. 50....................................

rep. No. 70, 2009

s 51.....................................

am No 164, 1994; No 52, 2004; No 108, 2017; No 26, 2018

s. 52....................................

rs. No. 70, 2009

s. 54A.................................

ad. No. 70, 2009

s. 55....................................

am. No. 62, 2002; No. 70, 2009

s. 58....................................

am. No. 70, 2009

Part 3

 

s. 59....................................

rs. No. 70, 2009

ss. 60-62............................

am. No. 70, 2009

ss. 63, 64............................

rs. No. 70, 2009

s. 65....................................

rep. No. 70, 2009

Part 4

 

Heading to Part 4.................

rs. No. 133, 1999; No. 70, 2009

Division 1

 

s. 66....................................

rep. No. 133, 1999

Heading to s. 67..................

rs. No. 70, 2009

s. 67....................................

am. No. 133, 1999; No. 70, 2009

Note to s. 67(1)...................

ad. No. 133, 1999

 

am. No. 70, 2009

s. 68....................................

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 69....................................

am. No. 179, 1992

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 70....................................

rep. No. 133, 1999

Div. 2 of Part 4...................

rep. No. 133, 1999

ss. 71-76............................

rep. No. 133, 1999

Div. 3 of Part 4...................

rep. No. 133, 1999

ss. 77-88............................

rep. No. 133, 1999

ss. 89, 90............................

rs. No. 179, 1992

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 90A.................................

ad. No. 179, 1992

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 91....................................

am. No. 179, 1992

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 92....................................

rs. No. 179, 1992

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

ss. 93-97............................

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 98....................................

am. No. 179, 1992

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

ss. 99-101..........................

rep. No. 133, 1999

ss. 102, 103........................

am. No. 179, 1992

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 104..................................

rs. No. 179, 1992

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 104A...............................

ad. No. 179, 1992

 

rep. No. 59, 1995

s. 104B...............................

ad. No. 179, 1992

 

am. No. 13, 1994

 

rep. No. 59, 1995

s. 104C...............................

ad. No. 179, 1992

 

rep. No. 59, 1995

s. 105..................................

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 106..................................

am. No. 179, 1992; No. 13, 1994

 

rep. No. 59, 1995

Div. 3A of Part 4.................

ad. No. 59, 1995

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

ss. 105A-105F...................

ad. No. 59, 1995

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 106..................................

ad. No. 59, 1995

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

Div. 4 of Part 4...................

ad. No. 179, 1992

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

ss. 106A-106F...................

ad. No. 179, 1992

 

rep. No. 133, 1999

Part 5

 

s. 107..................................

am. No. 133, 1999; No. 24, 2001; No. 70, 2009

ss. 108-111........................

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 112..................................

am. No. 133, 1999

 

rep. No. 137, 2000

Part 6

 

s. 113..................................

am. No. 59, 1995; No. 70, 2009

s. 116..................................

am. No. 146, 1999

s. 120..................................

am. No. 46, 2011

Note to s. 120.....................

ad. No. 46, 2011

Part 7

 

s. 122..................................

am. No. 70, 2009

s 123...................................

am No 133, 1999; No 5, 2015

s. 126..................................

am. No. 133, 1999; No. 70, 2009

s. 127..................................

am. No. 24, 2001; No. 70, 2009

Note to s. 127(3).................

ad. No. 24, 2001

s. 130..................................

rep. No. 133, 1999

s. 132..................................

am. No. 62, 2002; No. 70, 2009


 



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