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EVIDENCE ACT 1995 - NOTES

No. 2, 1995

Compilation No. 34

Compilation date:                              1 September 2021

Includes amendments up to:            Act No. 13, 2021

Registered:                                         2 November 2021

About this compilation

This compilation

This is a compilation of the Evidence Act 1995 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 1 September 2021 (the compilation date).

The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law.

Uncommenced amendments

The effect of uncommenced amendments is not shown in the text of the compiled law. Any uncommenced amendments affecting the law are accessible on the Legislation Register (www.legislation.gov.au). The details of amendments made up to, but not commenced at, the compilation date are underlined in the endnotes. For more information on any uncommenced amendments, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Application, saving and transitional provisions for provisions and amendments

If the operation of a provision or amendment of the compiled law is affected by an application, saving or transitional provision that is not included in this compilation, details are included in the endnotes.

Editorial changes

For more information about any editorial changes made in this compilation, see the endnotes.

Modifications

If the compiled law is modified by another law, the compiled law operates as modified but the modification does not amend the text of the law. Accordingly, this compilation does not show the text of the compiled law as modified. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law.

Self-repealing provisions

If a provision of the compiled law has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law, details are included in the endnotes.

  

  

  


Contents

Chapter 1--Preliminary                                                                           1

Part 1.1--Formal matters                                                                         2

1  Short title........................................................................................................ 2

2  Commencement.............................................................................................. 2

Definitions..................................................................................................... 2

Part 1.2--Application of this Act                                                             3

4  Courts and proceedings to which Act applies................................................ 3

5  Extended application of certain provisions..................................................... 4

6  Territories....................................................................................................... 5

7  Act binds Crown............................................................................................ 5

8  Operation of other Acts etc............................................................................ 6

8A  Application of the Criminal Code............................................................... 6

9  Effect of Act on other laws............................................................................ 6

10  Parliamentary privilege preserved................................................................ 7

11  General powers of a court............................................................................ 7

Chapter 2--Adducing evidence                                                               8

Part 2.1--Witnesses                                                                                  8

Division 1--Competence and compellability of witnesses                  8

12  Competence and compellability.................................................................... 8

13  Competence: lack of capacity....................................................................... 8

14  Compellability: reduced capacity................................................................ 10

15  Compellability: Sovereign and others......................................................... 10

16  Competence and compellability: judges and jurors..................................... 10

17  Competence and compellability: defendants in criminal proceedings......... 11

18  Compellability of spouses and others in criminal proceedings generally.... 11

20  Comment on failure to give evidence......................................................... 13

Division 2--Oaths and affirmations                                                  14

21  Sworn evidence of witnesses to be on oath or affirmation......................... 14

22  Interpreters to act on oath or affirmation.................................................... 14

23  Choice of oath or affirmation..................................................................... 14

24  Requirements for oaths.............................................................................. 15

Division 3--General rules about giving evidence                             16

26  Court's control over questioning of witnesses........................................... 16

27  Parties may question witnesses.................................................................. 16

28  Order of examination in chief, cross-examination and re-examination....... 16

29  Manner and form of questioning witnesses and their responses................ 16

30  Interpreters................................................................................................. 17

31  Witnesses who cannot hear adequately or speak adequately...................... 17

32  Attempts to revive memory in court........................................................... 17

33  Evidence given by police officers............................................................... 18

34  Attempts to revive memory out of court..................................................... 19

35  Effect of calling for production of documents............................................ 19

36  Person may be examined without subpoena or other process.................... 19

Division 4--Examination in chief and re-examination                     20

37  Leading questions...................................................................................... 20

38  Unfavourable witnesses............................................................................. 20

39  Limits on re-examination............................................................................ 22

Division 5--Cross-examination                                                         23

40  Witness called in error................................................................................ 23

41  Improper questions.................................................................................... 23

42  Leading questions...................................................................................... 24

43  Prior inconsistent statements of witnesses................................................. 25

44  Previous representations of other persons.................................................. 26

45  Production of documents........................................................................... 26

46  Leave to recall witnesses............................................................................ 27

Part 2.2--Documents                                                                              28

47  Definitions................................................................................................. 28

48  Proof of contents of documents................................................................. 28

49  Documents in foreign countries................................................................. 30

50  Proof of voluminous or complex documents............................................. 30

51  Original document rule abolished............................................................... 31

Part 2.3--Other evidence                                                                       32

52  Adducing of other evidence not affected.................................................... 32

53  Views......................................................................................................... 32

54  Views to be evidence................................................................................. 33

Chapter 3--Admissibility of evidence                                                   34

Part 3.1--Relevance                                                                                36

55  Relevant evidence....................................................................................... 36

56  Relevant evidence to be admissible............................................................ 36

57  Provisional relevance................................................................................. 36

58  Inferences as to relevance........................................................................... 37

Part 3.2--Hearsay                                                                                   38

Division 1--The hearsay rule                                                            38

59  The hearsay rule--exclusion of hearsay evidence...................................... 38

60  Exception: evidence relevant for a non-hearsay purpose............................ 39

61  Exceptions to the hearsay rule dependent on competency.......................... 40

Division 2--First-hand hearsay                                                        41

62  Restriction to "first-hand" hearsay............................................................. 41

63  Exception: civil proceedings if maker not available.................................... 41

64  Exception: civil proceedings if maker available.......................................... 42

65  Exception: criminal proceedings if maker not available.............................. 42

66  Exception: criminal proceedings if maker available.................................... 45

66A  Exception: contemporaneous statements about a person's health etc....... 46

67  Notice to be given...................................................................................... 46

68  Objections to tender of hearsay evidence in civil proceedings if maker available              47

Division 3--Other exceptions to the hearsay rule                            48

69  Exception: business records....................................................................... 48

70  Exception: contents of tags, labels and writing........................................... 49

71  Exception: electronic communications........................................................ 50

72  Exception: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander traditional laws and customs 50

73  Exception: reputation as to relationships and age....................................... 50

74  Exception: reputation of public or general rights........................................ 51

75  Exception: interlocutory proceedings......................................................... 51

Part 3.3--Opinion                                                                                   52

76  The opinion rule......................................................................................... 52

77  Exception: evidence relevant otherwise than as opinion evidence.............. 53

78  Exception: lay opinions.............................................................................. 53

78A  Exception: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander traditional laws and customs              53

79  Exception: opinions based on specialised knowledge................................ 53

80  Ultimate issue and common knowledge rules abolished............................ 54

Part 3.4--Admissions                                                                              55

81  Hearsay and opinion rules: exception for admissions and related representations             55

82  Exclusion of evidence of admissions that is not first-hand......................... 55

83  Exclusion of evidence of admissions as against third parties..................... 56

84  Exclusion of admissions influenced by violence and certain other conduct 56

85  Criminal proceedings: reliability of admissions by defendants................... 57

86  Exclusion of records of oral questioning.................................................... 57

87  Admissions made with authority................................................................ 58

88  Proof of admissions................................................................................... 59

89  Evidence of silence..................................................................................... 59

90  Discretion to exclude admissions............................................................... 60

Part 3.5--Evidence of judgments and convictions                               61

91  Exclusion of evidence of judgments and convictions................................. 61

92  Exceptions.................................................................................................. 61

93  Savings...................................................................................................... 62

Part 3.6--Tendency and coincidence                                                    63

94  Application................................................................................................. 63

95  Use of evidence for other purposes............................................................ 63

96  Failure to act............................................................................................... 63

97  The tendency rule....................................................................................... 63

98  The coincidence rule................................................................................... 64

99  Requirements for notices............................................................................ 65

100  Court may dispense with notice requirements.......................................... 65

101  Further restrictions on tendency evidence and coincidence evidence adduced by prosecution         66

Part 3.7--Credibility                                                                               67

Division 1--Credibility evidence                                                       67

101A  Credibility evidence............................................................................... 67

Division 2--Credibility of witnesses                                                  68

102  The credibility rule................................................................................... 68

103  Exception: cross-examination as to credibility.......................................... 68

104  Further protections: cross-examination of accused................................... 68

106  Exception: rebutting denials by other evidence......................................... 69

108  Exception: re-establishing credibility........................................................ 70

Division 3--Credibility of persons who are not witnesses                71

108A  Admissibility of evidence of credibility of person who has made a previous representation        71

108B  Further protections: previous representations of an accused who is not a witness        71

Division 4--Persons with specialised knowledge                              73

108C  Exception: evidence of persons with specialised knowledge................. 73

Part 3.8--Character                                                                               74

109  Application............................................................................................... 74

110  Evidence about character of accused persons........................................... 74

111  Evidence about character of co-accused................................................... 74

112  Leave required to cross-examine about character of accused or co-accused 75

Part 3.9--Identification evidence                                                           76

113  Application of Part................................................................................... 76

114  Exclusion of visual identification evidence............................................... 76

115  Exclusion of evidence of identification by pictures.................................. 77

116  Directions to jury..................................................................................... 79

Part 3.10--Privileges                                                                               81

Division 1--Client legal privilege                                                      81

117  Definitions............................................................................................... 81

118  Legal advice............................................................................................. 82

119  Litigation.................................................................................................. 83

120  Unrepresented parties............................................................................... 83

121  Loss of client legal privilege: generally.................................................... 84

122  Loss of client legal privilege: consent and related matters........................ 84

123  Loss of client legal privilege: defendants.................................................. 85

124  Loss of client legal privilege: joint clients................................................. 86

125  Loss of client legal privilege: misconduct................................................. 86

126  Loss of client legal privilege: related communications and documents..... 87

Division 1C--Journalist privilege                                                     88

126J  Definitions.............................................................................................. 88

126K  Journalist privilege relating to identity of informant.............................. 88

Division 2--Other privileges                                                             90

127  Religious confessions.............................................................................. 90

128  Privilege in respect of self-incrimination in other proceedings................. 90

128A  Privilege in respect of self-incrimination--exception for certain orders etc  93

Division 3--Evidence excluded in the public interest                       97

129  Exclusion of evidence of reasons for judicial etc. decisions..................... 97

130  Exclusion of evidence of matters of state................................................. 98

131  Exclusion of evidence of settlement negotiations..................................... 99

Division 4--General                                                                        103

131A  Extended application of Division 1C................................................... 103

131B  Extended application of Division 1C etc. to all proceedings for Commonwealth offences           103

132  Court to inform of rights to make applications and objections............... 104

133  Court may inspect etc. documents.......................................................... 104

134  Inadmissibility of evidence that must not be adduced or given............... 104

Part 3.11--Discretionary and mandatory exclusions                         105

135  General discretion to exclude evidence................................................... 105

136  General discretion to limit use of evidence............................................. 105

137  Exclusion of prejudicial evidence in criminal proceedings..................... 105

138  Discretion to exclude improperly or illegally obtained evidence............. 105

139  Cautioning of persons............................................................................ 107

Chapter 4--Proof                                                                                 109

Part 4.1--Standard of proof                                                                109

140  Civil proceedings: standard of proof...................................................... 109

141  Criminal proceedings: standard of proof................................................ 110

142  Admissibility of evidence: standard of proof......................................... 110

Part 4.2--Judicial notice                                                                       111

143  Matters of law........................................................................................ 111

144  Matters of common knowledge.............................................................. 111

145  Certain Crown certificates...................................................................... 112

Part 4.3--Facilitation of proof                                                             113

Division 1--General                                                                        113

146  Evidence produced by processes, machines and other devices............... 113

147  Documents produced by processes, machines and other devices in the course of business            113

148  Evidence of certain acts of justices, lawyers and notaries public............ 114

149  Attestation of documents........................................................................ 114

150  Seals and signatures............................................................................... 115

151  Seals of bodies established under State law........................................... 116

152  Documents produced from proper custody............................................ 116

Division 2--Matters of official record                                            117

153  Gazettes and other official documents.................................................... 117

154  Documents published by authority of Parliaments etc............................ 118

155  Evidence of official records.................................................................... 118

155A  Evidence of Commonwealth documents............................................. 119

156  Public documents................................................................................... 119

157  Public documents relating to court processes......................................... 120

158  Evidence of certain public documents.................................................... 121

159  Official statistics..................................................................................... 122

Division 3--Matters relating to post and communications            123

160  Postal articles......................................................................................... 123

161  Electronic communications..................................................................... 123

162  Lettergrams and telegrams...................................................................... 124

163  Proof of letters having been sent by Commonwealth agencies............... 125

Part 4.4--Corroboration                                                                      126

164  Corroboration requirements abolished................................................... 126

Part 4.5--Warnings and information                                                 127

165  Unreliable evidence................................................................................ 127

165A  Warnings in relation to children's evidence......................................... 128

165B  Delay in prosecution............................................................................ 129

Part 4.6--Ancillary provisions                                                             131

Division 1--Requests to produce documents or call witnesses       131

166  Definition of request.............................................................................. 131

167  Requests may be made about certain matters.......................................... 132

168  Time limits for making certain requests.................................................. 132

169  Failure or refusal to comply with requests............................................. 133

Division 2--Proof of certain matters by affidavits or written statements         135

170  Evidence relating to certain matters........................................................ 135

171  Persons who may give such evidence.................................................... 135

172  Evidence based on knowledge, belief or information............................. 137

173  Notification of other parties.................................................................... 137

Division 3--Foreign law                                                                  138

174  Evidence of foreign law......................................................................... 138

175  Evidence of law reports of foreign countries.......................................... 138

176  Questions of foreign law to be decided by judge................................... 139

Division 4--Procedures for proving other matters                        140

177  Certificates of expert evidence................................................................ 140

178  Convictions, acquittals and other judicial proceedings........................... 141

179  Proof of identity of convicted persons--affidavits by members of State or Territory police forces                142

180  Proof of identity of convicted persons--affidavits by AFP employees or special members of the Australian Federal Police........................................................................................................ 143

181  Proof of service of statutory notifications, notices, orders and directions 143

Chapter 5--Miscellaneous                                                                    144

182  Application of certain sections in relation to Commonwealth records, postal articles sent by Commonwealth agencies and certain Commonwealth documents.................................................. 144

183  Inferences............................................................................................... 146

184  Accused may admit matters and give consents....................................... 146

185  Faith and credit to be given to documents properly authenticated........... 146

186  Swearing of affidavits before justices of the peace, notaries public and lawyers             147

187  Abolition of the privilege against self-incrimination for bodies corporate 147

188  Impounding documents.......................................................................... 148

189  The voir dire........................................................................................... 148

190  Waiver of rules of evidence.................................................................... 149

191  Agreements as to facts........................................................................... 150

192  Leave, permission or direction may be given on terms........................... 151

192A  Advance rulings and findings............................................................. 151

193  Additional powers.................................................................................. 152

195  Prohibited question not to be published................................................. 153

197  Regulations............................................................................................ 153

Schedule--Oaths and Affirmations                                                     154

Dictionary                                                                                              155

Part 1--Definitions                                                                               155

Part 2--Other Expressions                                                                   166

1  References to businesses............................................................................ 166

2  References to examination in chief, cross-examination and re-examination 166

3  References to civil penalties....................................................................... 167

4  Unavailability of persons........................................................................... 167

5  Unavailability of documents and things..................................................... 168

6  Representations in documents.................................................................... 168

7  Witnesses................................................................................................... 169

8  References to documents............................................................................ 169

8A  References to offices etc.......................................................................... 169

9  References to laws..................................................................................... 169

10  References to children and parents........................................................... 170

11  References to de facto partners................................................................. 170

Endnotes                                                                                                172

Endnote 1--About the endnotes                                                      172

Endnote 2--Abbreviation key                                                         174

Endnote 3--Legislation history                                                       175

Endnote 4--Amendment history                                                     180


  

  

                   INTRODUCTORY NOTE

                   Outline of this Act

                         This Act sets out the federal rules of evidence. Generally speaking, the Act applies to proceedings in federal courts (see section 4), but some provisions extend beyond such proceedings (see Note 2 to subsection 4(1)).

                         Chapter 2 is about how evidence is adduced in proceedings.

                         Chapter 3 is about admissibility of evidence in proceedings.

                         Chapter 4 is about proof of matters in proceedings.

                         Chapter 5 deals with miscellaneous matters.

                         The Dictionary at the end of this Act defines terms and expressions used in this Act.

                   Related legislation

                         This Act is in most respects uniform with the following State and Territory Acts:

(a)    the Evidence Act 1995 (NSW);

(b)    the Evidence Act 2001 (Tas.);

(c)    the Evidence Act 2008 (Vic.);

(d)    the Evidence Act 2011 (ACT);

(e)    the Evidence (National Uniform Legislation) Act 2011 (NT).

                         While these Acts are in most respects identical to this Act, there are differences. The explanatory memorandum to the Civil Law and Justice Legislation Amendment Bill 2014 includes a table setting out the differences as at 8 July 2014. An updated version of the table is maintained by the Attorney-General's Department on its website (http://www.ag.gov.au).


  

Endnotes

Endnote 1--About the endnotes

The endnotes provide information about this compilation and the compiled law.

The following endnotes are included in every compilation:

Endnote 1--About the endnotes

Endnote 2--Abbreviation key

Endnote 3--Legislation history

Endnote 4--Amendment history

Abbreviation key--Endnote 2

The abbreviation key sets out abbreviations that may be used in the endnotes.

Legislation history and amendment history--Endnotes 3 and 4

Amending laws are annotated in the legislation history and amendment history.

The legislation history in endnote 3 provides information about each law that has amended (or will amend) the compiled law. The information includes commencement details for amending laws and details of any application, saving or transitional provisions that are not included in this compilation.

The amendment history in endnote 4 provides information about amendments at the provision (generally section or equivalent) level. It also includes information about any provision of the compiled law that has been repealed in accordance with a provision of the law.

Editorial changes

The Legislation Act 2003 authorises First Parliamentary Counsel to make editorial and presentational changes to a compiled law in preparing a compilation of the law for registration. The changes must not change the effect of the law. Editorial changes take effect from the compilation registration date.

If the compilation includes editorial changes, the endnotes include a brief outline of the changes in general terms. Full details of any changes can be obtained from the Office of Parliamentary Counsel.

Misdescribed amendments

A misdescribed amendment is an amendment that does not accurately describe the amendment to be made. If, despite the misdescription, the amendment can be given effect as intended, the amendment is incorporated into the compiled law and the abbreviation "(md)" added to the details of the amendment included in the amendment history.

If a misdescribed amendment cannot be given effect as intended, the abbreviation "(md not incorp)" is added to the details of the amendment included in the amendment history.

 

Endnote 2--Abbreviation key

 

ad = added or inserted

o = order(s)

am = amended

Ord = Ordinance

amdt = amendment

orig = original

c = clause(s)

par = paragraph(s)/subparagraph(s)

C[x] = Compilation No. x

/sub-subparagraph(s)

Ch = Chapter(s)

pres = present

def = definition(s)

prev = previous

Dict = Dictionary

(prev ... ) = previously

disallowed = disallowed by Parliament

Pt = Part(s)

Div = Division(s)

r = regulation(s)/rule(s)

ed = editorial change

reloc = relocated

exp = expires/expired or ceases/ceased to have

renum = renumbered

effect

rep = repealed

F = Federal Register of Legislation

rs = repealed and substituted

gaz = gazette

s = section(s)/subsection(s)

LA = Legislation Act 2003

Sch = Schedule(s)

LIA = Legislative Instruments Act 2003

Sdiv = Subdivision(s)

(md) = misdescribed amendment can be given

SLI = Select Legislative Instrument

effect

SR = Statutory Rules

(md not incorp) = misdescribed amendment

Sub-Ch = Sub-Chapter(s)

cannot be given effect

SubPt = Subpart(s)

mod = modified/modification

underlining = whole or part not

No. = Number(s)

commenced or to be commenced

 

Endnote 3--Legislation history

 

Act

Number and year

Assent

Commencement

Application, saving and transitional provisions

Evidence Act 1995

2, 1995

23 Feb 1995

s 4-197 and Sch: 18 Apr 1995 (s 2(3))
Remainder: 23 Feb 1995 (s 2(1))

 

Family Law Reform (Consequential Amendments) Act 1995

140, 1995

12 Dec 1995

Sch 2: 26 Dec 1995 (s 2(5))

--

Statute Law Revision Act 1996

43, 1996

25 Oct 1996

Sch 2 (item 54): 18 Apr 1995 (s 2(2))

--

Law and Justice Legislation Amendment Act 1997

34, 1997

17 Apr 1997

Sch 6: 17 Apr 1997 (s 2(1))

--

Law and Justice Legislation Amendment Act 1999

125, 1999

13 Oct 1999

Sch 6: 13 Oct 1999 (s 2(1))

--

Public Employment (Consequential and Transitional) Amendment Act 1999

146, 1999

11 Nov 1999

Sch 1 (items 434-437): 5 Dec 1999 (s 2(1), (2))

--

Corporate Law Economic Reform Program Act 1999

156, 1999

24 Nov 1999

Sch 12 (items 1, 24): 24 Nov 2000 (s 2(4))

--

Australian Federal Police Legislation Amendment Act 2000

9, 2000

7 Mar 2000

Sch 2 (items 29-32) and Sch 3 (items 20, 25, 34, 35): 2 July 2000 (s 2(1) and gaz 2000, No S328)

Sch 3 (items 20, 25, 34, 35)

Law and Justice Legislation Amendment (Application of Criminal Code) Act 2001

24, 2001

6 Apr 2001

s 4(1), (2) and Sch 25: 24 May 2001 (s 2(1)(a))

s 4(1) and (2)

Corporations (Repeals, Consequentials and Transitionals) Act 2001

55, 2001

28 June 2001

s 4-14 and Sch 3 (items 174, 175): 15 July 2001 (s 2(1), (3) and gaz 2001, No S285)

s 4-14

Border Security Legislation Amendment Act 2002

64, 2002

5 July 2002

Sch 6 (items 16-18): 5 Jan 2003 (s 2(1) item 9)

--

Ozone Protection and Synthetic Greenhouse Gas Legislation Amendment Act 2003

126, 2003

5 Dec 2003

Sch 1 (item 1): 5 Dec 2003 (s 2)

--

Law and Justice Legislation Amendment Act 2004

62, 2004

26 May 2004

Sch 1 (item 17): 27 May 2004 (s 2(1) item 8)

--

Statute Law Revision Act 2005

100, 2005

6 July 2005

Sch 1 (item 14): 6 July 2005 (s 2(1) item 10)

--

Family Law Amendment (Shared Parental Responsibility) Act 2006

46, 2006

22 May 2006

Sch 3 (items 1, 8): 1 July 2006 (s 2(1) item 3)

Sch 3 (item 8)

Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Act 2007

116, 2007

28 June 2007

Sch 1 (items 1, 2): 26 July 2007 (s 2(1) item 2)

--

Evidence Amendment Act 2008

135, 2008

4 Dec 2008

Sch 1 and 2: 1 Jan 2009 (s 2(1) item 2)

Sch 1 (items 95-99) and Sch 2 (item 13)

Customs Legislation Amendment (Name Change) Act 2009

33, 2009

22 May 2009

Sch 2 (item 30): 23 May 2009 (s 2)

--

Disability Discrimination and Other Human Rights Legislation Amendment Act 2009

70, 2009

8 July 2009

Sch 3 (item 32): 5 Aug 2009 (s 2(1) item 7)

--

Statute Law Revision Act 2010

8, 2010

1 Mar 2010

Sch 1 (item 26): 1 Mar 2010 (s 2(1) item 2)

--

Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Act 2011

21, 2011

12 Apr 2011

Sch 1 (items 1-3): 13 Apr 2011 (s 2)

--

Acts Interpretation Amendment Act 2011

46, 2011

27 June 2011

Sch 2 (item 566) and Sch 3 (items 10, 11): 27 Dec 2011 (s 2(1) item 3)

Sch 3 (items 10, 11)

Clean Energy (Consequential Amendments) Act 2011

132, 2011

18 Nov 2011

Sch 1 (item 260A): 1 July 2012 (s 2(1) item 3)

--

Customs and Other Legislation Amendment (Australian Border Force) Act 2015

41, 2015

20 May 2015

Sch 5 (items 64, 65) and Sch 9 (items 1-9): 1 July 2015 (s 2(1) items 2, 7)

Sch 5 (item 65) and Sch 9 (items 1-9)

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Australian Border Force Amendment (Protected Information) Act 2017

115, 2017

30 Oct 2017

Sch 1 (item 26): 1 July 2015 (s 2(1) item 2)

--

Civil Law and Justice Legislation Amendment Act 2015

113, 2015

17 Aug 2015

Sch 5: 18 Aug 2015 (s 2(1) item 2)

Sch 5 (item 63)

Civil Law and Justice (Omnibus Amendments) Act 2015

132, 2015

13 Oct 2015

Sch 1 (items 26-33): 14 Oct 2015 (s 2(1) item 2)

--

Statute Law Revision Act (No. 1) 2016

4, 2016

11 Feb 2016

Sch 4 (items 384, 385): 10 Mar 2016 (s 2(1) item 6)

--

Trade Legislation Amendment Act (No. 1) 2016

31, 2016

23 Mar 2016

Sch 2 (item 13): 1 May 2016 (s 2(1) item 3)

--

Ozone Protection and Synthetic Greenhouse Gas Management Legislation Amendment Act 2017

67, 2017

23 June 2017

Sch 2 (items 50, 75, 76): 1 Jan 2018 (s 2(1) item 3)

Sch 2 (items 75, 76)

Marriage Amendment (Definition and Religious Freedoms) Act 2017

129, 2017

8 Dec 2017

Sch 3 (items 7, 8) and Sch 4: 9 Dec 2017 (s 2(1) item 7)

Sch 3 (item 8) and Sch 4

as amended by

 

 

 

 

Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Consequential Amendments and Transitional Provisions) Act 2021

13, 2021

1 Mar 2021

Sch 2 (item 540): 1 Sept 2021 (s 2(1) item 5)

--

Civil Law and Justice Legislation Amendment Act 2018

130, 2018

25 Oct 2018

Sch 5: 26 Oct 2018 (s 2(1) item 7)

Sch 5 (item 2)

Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Consequential Amendments and Transitional Provisions) Act 2021

13, 2021

1 Mar 2021

Sch 2 (item 333): 1 Sept 2021 (s 2(1) item 5)

--

 

Endnote 4--Amendment history

 

Provision affected

How affected

Chapter 1

 

Introductory Note................

am No 100, 2005; No 113, 2015

Part 1.1

 

s 3........................................

am No 46, 2011; No 113, 2015

Part 1.2

 

s 4........................................

am No 140, 1995; No 135, 2008; No 113, 2015; No 13, 2021

s 5........................................

am No 125, 1999; No 135, 2008; No 113, 2015

s 6........................................

am No 113, 2015

s 7........................................

am No 113, 2015

s 8........................................

am No 156, 1999; No 55, 2001; No 113, 2015

s 8A.....................................

ad No 24, 2001

 

am No 113, 2015

s 9........................................

am No 113, 2015

Chapter 2

 

Part 2.1

 

Division 1

 

s 13......................................

rs No 135, 2008

s 14......................................

am No 135, 2008

s 18......................................

am No 135, 2008

s 19......................................

am No 135, 2008

 

rep No 113, 2015

s 20......................................

am No 34, 1997; No 135, 2008; No 4, 2016

Division 2

 

s 21......................................

am No 135, 2008

s 25......................................

rep No 135, 2008

Division 3

 

s 29......................................

am No 135, 2008

s 31......................................

am No 113, 2015

s 33......................................

am No 135, 2008

Division 4

 

s 37......................................

am No 135, 2008

Division 5

 

s 41......................................

rs No 135, 2008

s 43......................................

am No 34, 1997

Part 2.2

 

s 47......................................

am No 125, 1999

s 48......................................

am No 125, 1999

s 49......................................

am. No. 125, 1999

s. 50.....................................

am. No. 125, 1999; No. 135, 2008

s. 51.....................................

am. No. 125, 1999

Chapter 3

 

Introductory Note................

am. No. 135, 2008

Part 3.2

 

Division 1

 

s. 59.....................................

am. No. 125, 1999; No. 135, 2008

s 60......................................

am No 135, 2008

s 61......................................

am No 135, 2008

Division 2

 

s. 62.....................................

am. No. 135, 2008

s. 63.....................................

am. No. 125, 1999

s. 64.....................................

am. No. 125, 1999; No. 135, 2008

s. 65.....................................

am. No. 125, 1999; No. 135, 2008

s. 66.....................................

am. No. 135, 2008

s. 66A..................................

ad. No. 135, 2008

s 68......................................

ad No 34, 1997

 

am No 113, 2015

Division 3

 

s 70......................................

am No 34, 1997; No 113, 2015

s 71......................................

rs No 135, 2008

s 72......................................

rs No 135, 2008

s 73......................................

am No 129, 2017

Part 3.3

 

s. 76.....................................

am. No. 125, 1999; No. 135, 2008

s. 78A..................................

ad. No. 135, 2008

s. 79.....................................

am. No. 135, 2008

Part 3.4

 

s. 82.....................................

am. No. 125, 1999; No. 135, 2008

s. 85.....................................

am. No. 135, 2008

s. 89.....................................

am. No. 135, 2008

Part 3.5

 

s 93......................................

ed C31

Part 3.6

 

s. 97.....................................

am. No. 135, 2008

s. 98.....................................

rs. No. 135, 2008

Part 3.7

 

Division 1

 

Division 1............................

ad. No. 135, 2008

s. 101A................................

ad. No. 135, 2008

Division 2

 

Division 2 heading...............

ad. No. 135, 2008

s. 102...................................

am. No. 34, 1997

 

rs. No. 135, 2008

ss. 103, 104.........................

am. No. 135, 2008

s. 105...................................

rep. No. 135, 2008

s. 106...................................

rs. No. 135, 2008

s. 107...................................

rep. No. 34, 1997

s. 108...................................

am. No. 34, 1997; No. 135, 2008

Division 3

 

Division 3 heading...............

ad. No. 135, 2008

s. 108A................................

ad. No. 34, 1997

 

am. No. 135, 2008

s. 108B................................

ad. No. 135, 2008

Division 4

 

Division 4............................

ad. No. 135, 2008

s. 108C................................

ad. No. 135, 2008

Part 3.8

 

s. 110...................................

am. No. 135, 2008

s. 112...................................

am. No. 135, 2008

Part 3.9

 

s. 114...................................

am. No. 135, 2008

Part 3.10

 

Division 1

 

ss. 117, 118.........................

am. No. 135, 2008

s. 120...................................

am. No. 34, 1997

s. 122...................................

rs. No. 135, 2008

Division 1C

 

Division 1A heading............

rep No 132, 2015

Division 1C heading.............

ad No 132, 2015

Division 1A.........................

ad. No. 116, 2007

 

rs. No. 21, 2011

ss. 126A-126F....................

ad. No. 116, 2007

 

rep. No. 21, 2011

s 126J (prev s 126G)...........

ad No 21, 2011

 

renum No 132, 2015

s 126K (prev s 126H)..........

ad No 21, 2011

 

renum No 132, 2015

Division 2

 

s 128....................................

am No 34, 1997

 

rs No 135, 2008

 

am No 113, 2015

s 128A.................................

ad No 135, 2008

 

am No 113, 2015

Division 3

 

s 129....................................

am No 113, 2015

s. 130...................................

am. No. 43, 1996

Division 4

 

s. 131A................................

ad. No. 116, 2007

 

am. No. 21, 2011; No 132, 2015

s 131B.................................

ad No 21, 2011

 

am No 113, 2015; No 132, 2015

Part 3.11

 

Part 3.11 heading.................

rs. No. 135, 2008

s. 138...................................

am. No. 70, 2009

s. 139...................................

am. No. 135, 2008

Chapter 4

 

Part 4.3

 

Division 1

 

s. 147...................................

am. No. 125, 1999

s. 148...................................

am. No. 135, 2008

s. 149...................................

am. No. 125, 1999

s 150....................................

am No 113, 2015

s 151....................................

am No 113, 2015

s. 152...................................

am. No. 125, 1999

Division 2

 

s. 154...................................

am. No. 34, 1997

s 155....................................

rs No 34, 1997

 

am No 113, 2015

s 155A.................................

ad No 125, 1999

 

am No 113, 2015

s. 158...................................

am. No. 34, 1997

Division 3

 

s 160....................................

am No 125, 1999; No 130, 2018

s 161....................................

rs No 135, 2008

s 163....................................

am No 125, 1999; No 113, 2015

Part 4.5

 

Part 4.5 heading...................

rs. No. 135, 2008

s. 165...................................

am. No. 135, 2008

ss. 165A, 165B....................

ad. No. 135, 2008

Part 4.6

 

Division 1

 

Division 1............................

am. No. 125, 1999

Division 2

 

Division 2............................

am. No. 125, 1999

s 170....................................

am No 34, 1997; No 113, 2015

s 171....................................

am No 9, 2000; No 62, 2004; No 113, 2015; No 31, 2016

Division  4

 

s. 180...................................

am. No. 9, 2000

Chapter 5

 

s 182....................................

am No 125, 1999; No 135, 2008; No 113, 2015

s 183....................................

am No 125, 1999

s. 184...................................

am No 135, 2008

s 185....................................

am No 113, 2015

s 186....................................

am No 135, 2008; No 113, 2015

s 187....................................

am No 113, 2015

s 189....................................

am No 8, 2010

 

ed C31

s 190....................................

am No 46, 2006; No 135, 2008

s 191....................................

am No 135, 2008

s 192A.................................

ad No 135, 2008

s 194....................................

rep No 113, 2015

s 195....................................

am No 24, 2001; No 113, 2015

Dictionary

 

Dictionary............................

am No 34, 1997; No 125, 1999; No 146, 1999; No 9, 2000; No 55, 2001; No 64, 2002; No 126, 2003; No 135, 2008; No 33, 2009; No 132, 2011; No 41, 2015; No 113, 2015; No 67, 2017


 



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